Poetry PPT
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Poetry PPT

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Poetry overview for AP Literature at Eastmoor Academy.

Poetry overview for AP Literature at Eastmoor Academy.

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Poetry PPT Poetry PPT Presentation Transcript

  • Poetry Background Basics You Should Know
  • Types of PoetryLyricsubjective and reflectivethoughts of a single speakerlimited lengthregular rhyme scheme and metersingle, unique impression
  • Types of Lyrics1. Elegy-poem of lament, meditating on thedeath of an individual2. Idyll/Pastoral-describes the life of shepherd inbucolic, idealistic terms; it is technically apastoral if setting is in height of summer,nature’s fecundity3. Ode-elaborate; usually lengthy; deals seriouslywith a dignified subject
  • Types of Lyrics 4. Sonnet-fourteen lines Italian/Petrarchan English/Shakespearian -octave and sestet -three quatrains and a -abba, abba, cde, cde couplet -iambic pentameter -abab, cdcd, efef, gg Miltonian-all Italian Spenseriancharacteristics except -all Englishoctave and sestet are characteristics exceptnot divergent abab, bcbc, cdcd, ee
  • Types of Lyrics5. Villanelle-five tercets and a quatrain; lines 1,6, 12, and 18 are a refrain; lines 3, 9, 15, and 19are a refrain; rhyming aba, aba, aba, aba, aba,abaa.
  • Types of PoetryNarrativenondramaticobjectiveregular rhyme scheme and metertells a story
  • Types of Narratives-1. Epic: long, dignified narrative which gives account ofhero important to a nation/race-2. Ballad: orally transmitted; tells story from localhistory or popular legend; quatrains abab; lines 1and 3 iambic tetrameter and 2 and 4 iambictrimeter (also in song section)
  • Types of PoetryDramaticpresents a voice of an imaginary characterspeaking directly, without additional narrationfrom the authorusually addresses a specific audienceusually written as part of a play
  • Types of Dramatic Poetry-1. Dramatic Monologue: a speech made bycharacter (not author) at a decisive momentwhich is addressed to a specific audience whoremains silent
  • Types of PoetryLight Versewritten for entertainmentcan be a lyriccan be silly or seriouscan be parody or satire
  • Types of Light Verse-1. Limerick: five anapestic lines;lines 1,2 and 5 are trimeter and lines 3 and 4are dimeter; aabba; usually silly/nonsensical-2. Epigram: short poem with witty oringenious turn of thought at end
  • Types of Poetry Songintended for musical expressionusually brief, straightforward and emotionalcan be a lyric
  • Types of Songs-1. Ballad: (see narrative section)-2. Dirge: song of lament, usually a commemorationfor the dead; less elaborate than an elegy-3. Hymn: religious emotion, usually praisinga divine or venerated being; can be lyric-4. Rap: spoken word set to music; usually with arhythm of beats-5. Blues: poem of sadness, pain, or deprivationconsisting of rhyming tercets in which the firsttwo lines are identical; usually shows somewisdom from bitter life experience
  • Forms of PoetryClosed Formfollows a patternlooks symmetrical to the eye
  • Closed Form PatternsBlank Verse-Unrhymed Iambic Pentameter (linepattern, not stanza patternCouplet two-line stanza, usually rhymed withlines of equal length -1. heroic couplet: rhymed, end-stopped, iambic pentameter; parallel or antithesis -2. octosyllabic couplet: iambic or trochaic tetrameter
  • Closed Form PatternsTercet three-line stanza 1. Terza Rima: linked tercets; aba, bcb, cdcQuatrain four-line stanzaCinquain five-line stanzaSestet six-line stanzaSeptet seven-line stanzaOctet (Octave) eight-line stanza
  • Open Form PatternsFree Verse-without regular rhyme scheme ormeter, relies heavily on artful breaking of linesand sound techniquesProjective Verse-varying amounts of white spacebetween words/lines show pausesConcrete-words of poem in a specific shape
  • Structure of PoetryRepetitive-repeated words, lines, stanzas, syntax,sentences, types of sentences, punctuation,rhyme, literary devices, feet, meter. . .; maycontain parallelism, antithesis, anaphora,epistrophe, anadiplosis, epanalepsis, end-stopped/enjambed lines, cadence, antimetabole,chiasmus, epithets, motif, rhetorical questions,etc.
  • Structure of PoetryNarrative-tells a storyLogical-argues a case or comes to a conclusion;may use verbal irony, understatement, litotes,overstatement, hyperbole, paradox, logos,pathos, ethos, etc.
  • Metrics of Poetry Foot-basic unit of measure in a line of poetry-Iambic: u/; da-DUM; a trot, except, the tree-Trochaic: /u; DUM-da; canter, asking, make it-Spondaic: //; DUM-DUM; football, heartbreak-Pyrrhic: uu; da-da; on a-Anapestic: uu/; da-da-DUM; anapest, understand-Dactyllic: /uu; DUM-da-da; tenderly, talk to me-Amphibrach: u/u; da-DUM-da; addresses, I make it-Amphimacer: /u/; DUM-da-DUM; Sound the flute, day and night
  • Metrics of PoetryMeter-the number/patternof feet in a line of poetry -Monometer-one foot in the line -Dimeter-two feet in the line -Trimeter-three feet in the line -Tetrameter-four feet in the line -Pentameter-five feet in the line -Hexameter-six feet in the line -Heptameter-seven feet in the line -Octometer-eight feet in the line
  • Metrics of PoetryRhythm-stresses happen at regular intervals inthe poem; each line should have a certainrhythm and you begin a new line to repeat therhythm; ex. iambic pentameterScansion-the process of drawing the stressed andunstressed symbols above syllables in poetryProsody-the study of principles of versestructure (feet, meter, rhyme, sound, stanzas)