Poetry Creative Writing


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Poetry Creative Writing

  1. 1. Creative Writing Poetry Mr. Jeremy Rinkel
  2. 2. Elements of Poetry <ul><li>Characterization </li></ul><ul><li>Point of View </li></ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul>
  3. 3. Steps in Analyzing Poetry <ul><li>First, focus on the speaker. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is speaking? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What characterizes the speaker? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To whom is he or she speaking? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the speakers tone? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the speakers emotional state? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is he or she speaking? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Steps in Analyzing Poetry <ul><li>First, focus on the speaker…cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What situation is being described? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the conflicts or tensions in this situation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What ideas is the speaker communicating? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Diction <ul><li>The poets use of words. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the words in the poem for all their possible meanings </li></ul><ul><li>How do the meanings combine to create the overall effect </li></ul><ul><li>PAGE 100 William Wordsworth </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tips on Studying Diction <ul><li>Circle words you don’t know; look them up </li></ul><ul><li>Underline words that seem important; Explain: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denotation- dictionary meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connotation- is the subjective, emotional association that a word has for one person or a group of people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explain how choice of words contributes to the speakers tone </li></ul>
  7. 7. Imagery <ul><li>Represents the descriptive passages of a poem. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensuous imagery- pleasurable for its own sake, but it also provides concreteness and immediacy </li></ul><ul><li>PAGE 102 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Keats poem (First Stanza) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Figurative Language <ul><li>Is the conscious departure from normal or conventional ways of saying things. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metaphors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analogy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>similes </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Similies <ul><li>Uses like or as to claim similarities between things that are essentially different </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare’s “Fair is My Love” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Page 103 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Metaphors <ul><li>Claims a similarity between things that are essentially alike, but eliminates the comparative words like and as. </li></ul><ul><li>Example “Love is a Sickness” by Samuel Daniel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Page 103 </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Analogies <ul><li>Is a similarity between things that are basically different. </li></ul><ul><li>Personification- a kind of analogy that gives a word the attributes of a person. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tips on Studying Descriptive Language <ul><li>Mark descriptive images. Name the sense appealed to. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how the images create a sense of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the descriptive images help create and atmosphere and mood. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Tips on Studying Figurative Language <ul><li>Mark the similies in the poem. (Circle words that signal comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Mark the metaphors. Explain what they contribute to the poem. </li></ul><ul><li>Poets use analogies to assist the reader in making an abstract words more concrete. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Assignment <ul><li>1) Bring your favorite poem to class with you tomorrow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This will be an “artifact” for your portfolio project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2) Write a poem using similes, metaphors, and analogies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MUST BE at least 12 Lines long </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Rhythm <ul><li>Meters- recognizable patterns or rhythm in poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>Foot- unit of rhythm in a verse that determines the arrangement of a poem </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: PAGE 108- 109 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Tips on Studying Rhythm <ul><li>Count the number of syllables per line </li></ul><ul><li>Read poem aloud (draw a vertical line between each foot in the poem) </li></ul><ul><li>Underline where the poet strays away from the metrical pattern </li></ul>
  17. 17. Sound <ul><li>Poets use sound to emphasize meaning, action, and emotion. </li></ul><ul><li>Sound devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assonance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consonance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhyme </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Sound <ul><li>Onomatopoeia- the use of words that sound like what they mean (boom, buzz) </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration- the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or at the beginning of accented syllables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ P eter P iper p icked” </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Sound <ul><li>Assonance- the repetition of vowel sounds followed by consonant sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Consonance – “half rhyme” the repetition of final consonant sounds that are preceded by different vowel sounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“the bea st climbed fa st to the cre st </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Sound <ul><li>Rhyme- the repetition of accented vowels and the sounds that follow. PAGE 113 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Masculine rhyme- rhymed sounds have 1 syllable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feminine rhyme- rhymed sounds have 2 or more syllables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal rhyme- the rhyme sounds are within a line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End rhyme- the rhymed sounds are at the end of a line </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Tips on Studying Sound <ul><li>Underline examples of alliteration, assonance and consonance in the poem </li></ul><ul><li>Circle the rhymed words (what similarities and contrasts do these words show the reader) </li></ul><ul><li>Circle any words that have attractive or meaningful sound qualities </li></ul>
  22. 22. Assignment <ul><li>Write a poem using alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Must be 12-15 lines </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the poem you brought to class </li></ul><ul><li>DUE MONDAY </li></ul>
  23. 23. Structure <ul><li>Rhyme scheme- any pattern of end rhyme </li></ul><ul><li>Stanzas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually represents one idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually have the same structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The same number of lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Length of lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metrical patters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rhyme schemes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Structure <ul><li>Shakespearean sonnet- rhyme pattern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abab/cdcd/efef/gg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAGE 116 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Petrarchan sonnet- rhyme pattern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>abbaabba (first 8 lines “the octave”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cdecde (last 6 lines “sestet”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAGE 117 </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Other Fixed Forms <ul><li>Ballad </li></ul><ul><li>Ode </li></ul><ul><li>Heroic couplet </li></ul><ul><li>Rhyme royal stanza </li></ul>
  26. 26. Tips on Studying Structure <ul><li>Mark the rhyme scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Divide the poem up (look at the examples on pages 116-117 </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize the meaning of each section </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the relationships of the end rhyme </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the imagery presented within the poem </li></ul>
  27. 27. Free Verse <ul><li>Very difficult to see or find structural elements </li></ul><ul><li>It avoids metrical patterns and fixed line lengths </li></ul><ul><li>It finds other ways to create rhythm and sound patterns </li></ul><ul><li>PAGE 120 Walt Whitman’s Poem </li></ul>
  28. 28. Free Verse <ul><li>Creating rhythm and sound patterns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses sound qualities to create associations within words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates rhythm by repeating phrases that have the same syntactical structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates rhythms within lines by creating phrases of equal length </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variance in lines </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Tips on Studying Free Verse <ul><li>Read the poem aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Underline repeated phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why the lines end when they do </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the relationship between the rhythm and the meaning and purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Note the variation between short and long phrases </li></ul>
  30. 30. Assignment <ul><li>Write a poem using rhyme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be at least 12 lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You may use any type of rhyme (internal, end, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Begin work on your portfolio </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Quiz tomorrow </li></ul>
  31. 31. Symbolism <ul><li>Highly suggestive in a few words </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol- physical object that represents an abstract idea or ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Most powerful symbols do not specify the ideas they represent </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psalms 23 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Sick Rose by William Blake </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Tips for Studying Symbolism <ul><li>Be alert for symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Circle the symbols in the poem </li></ul><ul><li>List the meanings for each symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how each symbol contributes to the overall meaning of the poem </li></ul>
  33. 33. Assignment <ul><li>Write a poem using free verse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be at least 15 lines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bring everything you need to work on your portfolio; we will be going to the lab to work on them. </li></ul>