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POETRY
Sentasas
Zulueta
Grade 7- Fermi
Manila Science High School 2016
WHAT IS
POETRY?
po·et·r
y
[ˈpōətrē]
Noun
• literary work in which special intensity
is given to the expression of feelings
and ideas by the use of distinctive style
and rhythm; poems collectively or as a
genre of literature. (Oxford
Dictionaries)
• literature that evokes a concentrated
imaginative awareness of experience or
a specific emotional response through
language chosen and arranged for its
meaning, sound, and rhythm.
(Britannica.com)
po·et·r
y
[ˈpōətrē]
Noun
• The language of imagination
expressed in verse. (Webster’s
Dictionary)
• It can be defined as ‘literature in
metrical form’ or a ‘compostition
forming rhythmic lines’.
• A poem follows a particular flow
of rhythm and meter.
po·et·r
y
[ˈpōətrē]
Noun
• Compared to prose, where there is
no such restriction, and the
content of a piece flows according
to story, a poem may or may not
have a story, but definitely has a
structured method of writing.
ELEMENTS OF
POETRY
Elements of
poetry
• Elements of poetry can be defined
as a set of instruments used to
create a poem. Many of these
were created thousands of years
ago and have been linked to
ancient story tellings.They help
bring imagery and emotion to
poetry, stories, and dramas.
Stanza • A unit of lines grouped together.
• Similar to a paragraph in prose.
• A Stanza consists of two or more
lines of poetry that together form
one of the divisions of a poem.
• The stanzas of a poem are usually
of the same length and follow the
same pattern of meter and rhyme
and are used like paragraphs in a
story.
Stanza • Some different types of stanzas
are as follows:
Couplets- stanzas of only two
lines which usually rhyme.
Whether or not we find what we are seeking
is idle, biologically speaking.
— Edna St. Vincent Millay (at the end of a sonnet)
Stanza Tercets - stanzas of three lines.The
three lines may or may not have the
same end rhyme. If all three lines
rhyme, this type of tercet is called a
triplet.
Quatrain- stanzas of four lines which
can be written in any rhyme scheme.
Come, fill the Cup, and in the fire of Spring
Your Winter garment of Repentance fling:
The Bird of Time has but a little way
To flutter--and the Bird is on the Wing.
*Rhyme
Scheme
• The pattern in which end rhyme occurs.
• Rhymes are types of poems which have
the the repetition of the same or
similar sounds at the end of two or
more words most often at the ends of
lines.
• This technique makes the poem easy to
remember and is therefore often used
in Nursery Rhymes.
Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.
All the King's horses, And all the
King's men
Couldn't put Humpty together
again!
Stanza Types of Quatrains
– Alternating Quatrain- a four line
stanza rhyming "abab." From W.H.
Auden's "Leap BeforeYou Look“
– Envelope Stanza- a quatrain with the
rhyme scheme "abba", such that lines
2 and 3 are enclosed between the
rhymes of lines 1 and 4.Two of these
stanzas make up the Italian Octave
used in the Italian sonnet.This is from
Auden's "Look BeforeYou Leap"
The sense of danger must not disappear: a
The way is certainly both short and steep, b
However gradual it looks from here; a
Look if you like, but you will have to leap. b
The worried efforts of the busy heap, a
The dirt, the imprecision, and the beer b
Produce a few smart wisecracks every year; b
Laugh if you can, but you will have to leap. a
Rhythm • The pattern of beats or
stresses in a poem.
• Poets use patterns of stressed and unstressed
syllables to create a
regular rhythm.
She was a child and I was a child,
In this kingdom by the sea;
But we loved with a love that was
more than love –
I and my Annabel Lee;
Rhyme • The repetition of the same or
similar sounds,usually in stressed
syllables at the ends of lines, but
sometimes within a line.
There are strange things done in the
midnight sun
By the men who moil for gold;
Alliteratio
n • The repetition of consonant
sounds at the beginnings of
words.
Peter Piper pick a peck of pickled peppers.
Onomatopoeia • Words that are used to represent
particular sounds.
Crash Boom
Bang Zip
Imagery • Representation of the five senses:
sight, taste, touch, sound, and
smell.
• Creates mental images about a
poem’s subject
Imagery • Visual imagery: visual descriptions so
vivid they seem to come to life in the
reader's mind's when they are read, as
in the description of a very old fish in
Elizabeth Bishop's poem titled "The
Fish":
Here and there
his brown skin hung in strips
like ancient wall-paper,
and its pattern of darker brown
was like wall-paper:
shapes like full-blown roses
strained and lost through age
Imagery • Auditory imagery: descriptions of
sound so vivid the reader seems almost
to hear them while reading the poem.
For example, Alexander Pope contrasts
the gentle sounds of a whispering wind
and a soft-running stream with the
harsher sound of waves crashing on the
shore in "Sound and Sense":
The sound must seem an echo to the sense:
Soft is the strain when Zephyr gently bows,
And the smooth stream in smoother numbers
flow;
But when the loud surges lash the sounding
shore,
The hoarse, rough verse should like the torrent
roar. (365-69)
Imagery • Images of smell (olfactory imagery):
descriptions of smells so vivid they
seem almost to stimulate the reader's
own sense of smell while reading, as in
the poem, "Root Cellar," by Theodore
Roethke:
And what a congress of stinks!—
Roots ripe as old bait,
Pulpy stems, rank, silo-rich,
Leaf-mold, manure, lime, piled against slippery
planks.
Nothing would give up life:
Even the dirt kept breathing a small breath. (5-
11)
Imagery • Tactile or "physical" imagery:
descriptions conveying a strong, vivid
sense of touch or physical sensation
that the reader can almost feel himself
or herself while reading, as in Robert
Frost's description of standing on a
ladder in "After Apple Picking“. Or in
the sensation of touch (and possibly
taste) in the fourth stanza of Helen
Chasin's poem, "TheWord Plum":
My instep arch not only keeps the ache,
It keeps the pressure of a ladder-round.
I feel the ladder sway as the boughs bend" (21-23).
The word plum is delicious
pout and push, luxury of
self-love, and savoring murmur
full in the mouth and falling
like fruit
taut skin
pierced, bitten, provoked into
juice, and tart flesh. (1-8).
Figures of
Speech
• Figures of speech are a special
kind of imagery.
• They create pictures by making
comparisons.
Simile
• A comparison using like or as.
Talk of your cold! through the parka’s
fold it stabbed like a driven nail.
Metaphor • Describes one thing as if it were
another.
The moon was a ghostly galleon
tossed upon cloudy seas.
Personification • Gives human characteristics to
something non-human.
…and the stars o’erhead
were dancing heel and toe…
Tone or
Mood
• refers to the writer's attitude towards
the subject of a literary work as
indicated in the work itself.
• One way to think about tone in poetry
is to consider the speaker's literal "tone
of voice": just as with tone of voice, a
poem's tone may indicate an attitude
of joy, sadness, solemnity, silliness,
frustration, anger, puzzlement, etc.
Refrain • The repetition of one or more
phrases or lines at certain
intervals, usually at the end of
each stanza.
• Similar to the chorus in a song.
• The word 'Refrain' derives from
the Old French word refraindre
meaning to repeat.
Repetition • A word or phrase repeated within
a line or stanza.
• Sometimes, repetition reinforces
or even substitutes for meter (the
beat), the other chief controlling
factor of poetry.
Theme • The theme of the poem talks
about the central idea, the
thought behind what the poet
wants to convey. A theme can be
anything from a description about
a person or thing, a thought or
even a story. In short a theme
stands for whatever the poem is
about.
Symbolism • A poem often conveys feelings, thoughts
and ideas using symbols, this technique
is known as symbolism.
• poetry has developed over hundreds of
years, certain symbolic meanings have
attached themselves to such things as
colors, places, times, and animals.
• You cannot merely plug these meanings
into a poem and expect to understand
the poem completely.Your own
knowledge, associations, and experience
are what will lead you to a deep and
personal connection to any poem.
Symbolism
Examples:
• Sleep is often related to death.
• Dreams are linked to the future or fate.
• Seasons often represent ages: spring--youth, summer--
prime of life, autumn--middle age, winter--old age or death.
• Water is sometimes linked to the idea of birth or purification.
• Colors are often linked to emotions: red--anger, blue--
happiness, green--jealousy. They are also used to represent
states of being: black--death or evil, white--purity or
innocence, green--growth.
• Forests are often places of testing or challenge.
• Light--as the sun, the moon, stars, candles--often symbolizes
good, hope, freedom.
• Darkness is associated with evil, magic or the unknown.
• The moon has several associations. It is sometimes a
feminine symbol, sometimes associated with madness,
sometimes with resurrection.
TYPES OF
POETRY
• D
Lyrical Narrative Dramatic
Special
types
TYPES OF POETRY
Sonnet
Elegy
Ode
Epic
Ballad
Social
Dramatic
Monologue
Soliloquy
Character
sketch
Oration
Haiku
Cinquain
Limeck
Name poem
LYRICAL
POETRY
Lyrical
Poetry
• Expresses Personal thoughts and
emotions.
• is a short poem which has the
characteristics of a song
• It pertains to a single mood or
feeling and is more personal in
nature.
• Sonnet, Elegy, and Ode are types
of Lyrical Poetry.
Sonnet • The Name sonnet derives from
Italian word sonneto which means
little song.
• is a relatively short poem
consisting of merely fourteen lines.
It is known to follow a strict
pattern of rhyme.
• Classified into Petrarchan,
Shakespearean, Spenserian and
Miltonic sonnets.
Sonnet 116
byWilliam Shakespeare
Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Admit impediments.
Love is not love which alters when it alteration finds,
Or bends with the remover to remove:
O no! it is an ever-fixed mark
That looks on tempests and is never shaken;
It is the star to every wandering bark,
Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken.
Love's not time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks
Within his bending sickle's compass come:
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,
But bears it out even to the edge of doom
If this be error and upon me proved,
I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
Elegy • This is a lyric poem which
expresses lament and mourning of
the dead, feeling of grief and
melancholy.
• The theme of this poem is death.
Lycidas
By John Milton
Yet once more, O ye Laurels, and once more
Ye Myrtles brown, with Ivy never-sear,
I com to pluck your Berries harsh and crude,
And with forc'd fingers rude,
Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year.
Bitter constraint, and sad occasion dear,
Compels me to disturb your season due:
For Lycidas is dead, dead ere his prime.
Ode • This is a poem of nobeling feeling,
expressed with dignity and praises
for some persons, objects, events
or ideas.
• It is exalted in tone and formal in
structure and content.
Ode on a Grecian Urn
By John Keats
Thou still unravish'd bride of quietness,
Thou foster-child of silence and slow time,
Sylvan historian, who canst thus express
A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme:
What leaf-fring'd legend haunts about thy shape
Of deities or mortals, or of both,
InTempe or the dales of Arcady?
What men or gods are these? What maidens loth?
What mad pursuit?What struggle to escape?
What pipes and timbrels? What wild ecstasy?
NARRATIVE
POETRY
Narrative
Poetry
• Types of poet that narrates a
story through the use of poetic
diction either real or imaginary.
• Narrative poem has special
appeal.
• This form of poetry describes
events in a vivid way, using some
of the elements as short stories,
plot characters and dialogue.
Epic • This is a long and narrative poem
that normally tells a story about a
hero or an adventure.
• Epics can be oral stories or can be
poems in written form.
1. Popular or ancient poetry is
usually without definite author
and slow in the development.
2. Modern epic poetry has a
definite author.
5 Greatest examples of epic poem
• Beowulf by Anonymous -This is an Old English language heroic epic
poem of anonymous authorship, dating as recorded in the Nowell
Codex manuscript from between the 8th to the 11th century and
relates events described as having occurred in what is now Denmark
and Sweden.
• Metamorphoses by Ovid -This is a narrative poem in fifteen books
that describes the creation and history of the world.
• The Odyssey by Homer -The poem is, in part, a sequel to Homer’s
Iliad and mainly centers on the Greek hero Odysseus and his long
journey home to Ithaca following the fall ofTroy.
• Epic of Gilgamesh by Anonymous -This is an epic poem from
Ancient Mesopotamia and is among the earliest known works of
literary fiction.
• The Iliad by Homer - oldest extant work of literature in the ancient
Greek language, making it the first work of European literature.
Ballad • It also tell a story, like epic poems
however, ballad poetry is often
based on a legend or a folk tale.
• Most ballads are written in four-
six stanzas and has a regular
rhythms and rhyme schemes.
• A ballad often features a refrain-a
regular repeated line or group of
lines.
The Mermaid
by Unknown author
Oh the ocean waves may roll,
And the stormy winds may blow,
While we poor sailors go skipping aloft
And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below
And the land lubbers lay down below.
Social poem • This is either purely comic or
tragic and pictures the life of
today.
• It may aim to bring changes in
social conditions.
DRAMATIC
POETRY
Dramatic
Poetry
• Has elements related closely to
the drama.
• It uses a dramatic technique and
may unfold a story.
• It emphasize the character rather
than the narrative.
Dramatic
monologue
• This is a combination of drama
and poetry.
• It presents some line or speech of
single character in a particular but
complicated situation and
sometimes in a dilemma
Solilouy • The speaker of the poem or the
character in a play delivers a
passage.
• The thoughts and emotions are
heard by the author and the
audience as well.
Oration • This Is a formal address elevated
in tone and usually delivered on
some notable occasion.
Character
Sketch
• This is a poem which the writeris
concerned less with the elements
of story.
• He presents his observations and
comments to a particular
individual.
SPECIAL TYPES
OF POEMS
Haiku • Special type of poetry which
originated from Japan.
• It’s the shortest type of poem and,
often, the most difficult to
understand.
• It consists of three lines that
generally do not rhyme.The lines
should have five, seven, and five
syllables in them.
The best-known
Japanese
haiku is Bashō's
"old pond":
fu-ru-i-ke ya (5)
ka-wa-zu to-bi-ko-mu (7)
mi-zu no o-to (5)
(Translated)
old pond . . .
a frog leaps in
water’s sound
Cinquain • This is five-line poem which also
originated in Japan.
• There are many different
variations of cinquain including
American Cinquains, didactic
cinquains, reverse cinquains,
butterfly cinquains and crown
cinquains.
“Snow”
by Adelaide Crapsey
Look up…
From bleakening hills
Bloww! s down the light, first breath
Of wintry wind…look up, and scent
The snow
Free Verse • A loosest type of poem.
• It can consists as many lines as
the writer wants and either rhyme
or not and has no fixed metrical
pattern.
• This type of poem openly called as
“Poem with no rules.”
Feelings, Now
by Katherine Foreman
Some kind of attraction that is neither
Animal, vegetable, nor mineral, a power not
Solar, fusion, or magnetic
And it is all in my head that
I could see into his
And find myself sitting there.
Name poem • A special type of poetry belong to
descriptive poetry that use an
adjective to describe a person that
begins with each letter of that
person's name.
Taylor
Taylor likes each sentiment to be
Appropriate to its own time and place.
Years may roll like waves across her shore,
Leaving none of what there was before,
Obliterating every sign of grace.
Reason not, saysTaylor, with the sea!
Zulueta 2016
*End*

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All About Poetry (Elements and Types of Poetry)

  • 3. po·et·r y [ˈpōətrē] Noun • literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm; poems collectively or as a genre of literature. (Oxford Dictionaries) • literature that evokes a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience or a specific emotional response through language chosen and arranged for its meaning, sound, and rhythm. (Britannica.com)
  • 4. po·et·r y [ˈpōətrē] Noun • The language of imagination expressed in verse. (Webster’s Dictionary) • It can be defined as ‘literature in metrical form’ or a ‘compostition forming rhythmic lines’. • A poem follows a particular flow of rhythm and meter.
  • 5. po·et·r y [ˈpōətrē] Noun • Compared to prose, where there is no such restriction, and the content of a piece flows according to story, a poem may or may not have a story, but definitely has a structured method of writing.
  • 7. Elements of poetry • Elements of poetry can be defined as a set of instruments used to create a poem. Many of these were created thousands of years ago and have been linked to ancient story tellings.They help bring imagery and emotion to poetry, stories, and dramas.
  • 8. Stanza • A unit of lines grouped together. • Similar to a paragraph in prose. • A Stanza consists of two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. • The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme and are used like paragraphs in a story.
  • 9. Stanza • Some different types of stanzas are as follows: Couplets- stanzas of only two lines which usually rhyme. Whether or not we find what we are seeking is idle, biologically speaking. — Edna St. Vincent Millay (at the end of a sonnet)
  • 10. Stanza Tercets - stanzas of three lines.The three lines may or may not have the same end rhyme. If all three lines rhyme, this type of tercet is called a triplet. Quatrain- stanzas of four lines which can be written in any rhyme scheme. Come, fill the Cup, and in the fire of Spring Your Winter garment of Repentance fling: The Bird of Time has but a little way To flutter--and the Bird is on the Wing.
  • 11. *Rhyme Scheme • The pattern in which end rhyme occurs. • Rhymes are types of poems which have the the repetition of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words most often at the ends of lines. • This technique makes the poem easy to remember and is therefore often used in Nursery Rhymes. Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, Humpty Dumpty had a great fall. All the King's horses, And all the King's men Couldn't put Humpty together again!
  • 12. Stanza Types of Quatrains – Alternating Quatrain- a four line stanza rhyming "abab." From W.H. Auden's "Leap BeforeYou Look“ – Envelope Stanza- a quatrain with the rhyme scheme "abba", such that lines 2 and 3 are enclosed between the rhymes of lines 1 and 4.Two of these stanzas make up the Italian Octave used in the Italian sonnet.This is from Auden's "Look BeforeYou Leap" The sense of danger must not disappear: a The way is certainly both short and steep, b However gradual it looks from here; a Look if you like, but you will have to leap. b The worried efforts of the busy heap, a The dirt, the imprecision, and the beer b Produce a few smart wisecracks every year; b Laugh if you can, but you will have to leap. a
  • 13. Rhythm • The pattern of beats or stresses in a poem. • Poets use patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables to create a regular rhythm. She was a child and I was a child, In this kingdom by the sea; But we loved with a love that was more than love – I and my Annabel Lee;
  • 14. Rhyme • The repetition of the same or similar sounds,usually in stressed syllables at the ends of lines, but sometimes within a line. There are strange things done in the midnight sun By the men who moil for gold;
  • 15. Alliteratio n • The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words. Peter Piper pick a peck of pickled peppers.
  • 16. Onomatopoeia • Words that are used to represent particular sounds. Crash Boom Bang Zip
  • 17. Imagery • Representation of the five senses: sight, taste, touch, sound, and smell. • Creates mental images about a poem’s subject
  • 18. Imagery • Visual imagery: visual descriptions so vivid they seem to come to life in the reader's mind's when they are read, as in the description of a very old fish in Elizabeth Bishop's poem titled "The Fish": Here and there his brown skin hung in strips like ancient wall-paper, and its pattern of darker brown was like wall-paper: shapes like full-blown roses strained and lost through age
  • 19. Imagery • Auditory imagery: descriptions of sound so vivid the reader seems almost to hear them while reading the poem. For example, Alexander Pope contrasts the gentle sounds of a whispering wind and a soft-running stream with the harsher sound of waves crashing on the shore in "Sound and Sense": The sound must seem an echo to the sense: Soft is the strain when Zephyr gently bows, And the smooth stream in smoother numbers flow; But when the loud surges lash the sounding shore, The hoarse, rough verse should like the torrent roar. (365-69)
  • 20. Imagery • Images of smell (olfactory imagery): descriptions of smells so vivid they seem almost to stimulate the reader's own sense of smell while reading, as in the poem, "Root Cellar," by Theodore Roethke: And what a congress of stinks!— Roots ripe as old bait, Pulpy stems, rank, silo-rich, Leaf-mold, manure, lime, piled against slippery planks. Nothing would give up life: Even the dirt kept breathing a small breath. (5- 11)
  • 21. Imagery • Tactile or "physical" imagery: descriptions conveying a strong, vivid sense of touch or physical sensation that the reader can almost feel himself or herself while reading, as in Robert Frost's description of standing on a ladder in "After Apple Picking“. Or in the sensation of touch (and possibly taste) in the fourth stanza of Helen Chasin's poem, "TheWord Plum": My instep arch not only keeps the ache, It keeps the pressure of a ladder-round. I feel the ladder sway as the boughs bend" (21-23). The word plum is delicious pout and push, luxury of self-love, and savoring murmur full in the mouth and falling like fruit taut skin pierced, bitten, provoked into juice, and tart flesh. (1-8).
  • 22. Figures of Speech • Figures of speech are a special kind of imagery. • They create pictures by making comparisons.
  • 23. Simile • A comparison using like or as. Talk of your cold! through the parka’s fold it stabbed like a driven nail.
  • 24. Metaphor • Describes one thing as if it were another. The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas.
  • 25. Personification • Gives human characteristics to something non-human. …and the stars o’erhead were dancing heel and toe…
  • 26. Tone or Mood • refers to the writer's attitude towards the subject of a literary work as indicated in the work itself. • One way to think about tone in poetry is to consider the speaker's literal "tone of voice": just as with tone of voice, a poem's tone may indicate an attitude of joy, sadness, solemnity, silliness, frustration, anger, puzzlement, etc.
  • 27. Refrain • The repetition of one or more phrases or lines at certain intervals, usually at the end of each stanza. • Similar to the chorus in a song. • The word 'Refrain' derives from the Old French word refraindre meaning to repeat.
  • 28. Repetition • A word or phrase repeated within a line or stanza. • Sometimes, repetition reinforces or even substitutes for meter (the beat), the other chief controlling factor of poetry.
  • 29. Theme • The theme of the poem talks about the central idea, the thought behind what the poet wants to convey. A theme can be anything from a description about a person or thing, a thought or even a story. In short a theme stands for whatever the poem is about.
  • 30. Symbolism • A poem often conveys feelings, thoughts and ideas using symbols, this technique is known as symbolism. • poetry has developed over hundreds of years, certain symbolic meanings have attached themselves to such things as colors, places, times, and animals. • You cannot merely plug these meanings into a poem and expect to understand the poem completely.Your own knowledge, associations, and experience are what will lead you to a deep and personal connection to any poem.
  • 31. Symbolism Examples: • Sleep is often related to death. • Dreams are linked to the future or fate. • Seasons often represent ages: spring--youth, summer-- prime of life, autumn--middle age, winter--old age or death. • Water is sometimes linked to the idea of birth or purification. • Colors are often linked to emotions: red--anger, blue-- happiness, green--jealousy. They are also used to represent states of being: black--death or evil, white--purity or innocence, green--growth. • Forests are often places of testing or challenge. • Light--as the sun, the moon, stars, candles--often symbolizes good, hope, freedom. • Darkness is associated with evil, magic or the unknown. • The moon has several associations. It is sometimes a feminine symbol, sometimes associated with madness, sometimes with resurrection.
  • 33. • D Lyrical Narrative Dramatic Special types TYPES OF POETRY Sonnet Elegy Ode Epic Ballad Social Dramatic Monologue Soliloquy Character sketch Oration Haiku Cinquain Limeck Name poem
  • 35. Lyrical Poetry • Expresses Personal thoughts and emotions. • is a short poem which has the characteristics of a song • It pertains to a single mood or feeling and is more personal in nature. • Sonnet, Elegy, and Ode are types of Lyrical Poetry.
  • 36. Sonnet • The Name sonnet derives from Italian word sonneto which means little song. • is a relatively short poem consisting of merely fourteen lines. It is known to follow a strict pattern of rhyme. • Classified into Petrarchan, Shakespearean, Spenserian and Miltonic sonnets.
  • 37. Sonnet 116 byWilliam Shakespeare Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments. Love is not love which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O no! it is an ever-fixed mark That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken. Love's not time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle's compass come: Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
  • 38. Elegy • This is a lyric poem which expresses lament and mourning of the dead, feeling of grief and melancholy. • The theme of this poem is death.
  • 39. Lycidas By John Milton Yet once more, O ye Laurels, and once more Ye Myrtles brown, with Ivy never-sear, I com to pluck your Berries harsh and crude, And with forc'd fingers rude, Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year. Bitter constraint, and sad occasion dear, Compels me to disturb your season due: For Lycidas is dead, dead ere his prime.
  • 40. Ode • This is a poem of nobeling feeling, expressed with dignity and praises for some persons, objects, events or ideas. • It is exalted in tone and formal in structure and content.
  • 41. Ode on a Grecian Urn By John Keats Thou still unravish'd bride of quietness, Thou foster-child of silence and slow time, Sylvan historian, who canst thus express A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme: What leaf-fring'd legend haunts about thy shape Of deities or mortals, or of both, InTempe or the dales of Arcady? What men or gods are these? What maidens loth? What mad pursuit?What struggle to escape? What pipes and timbrels? What wild ecstasy?
  • 43. Narrative Poetry • Types of poet that narrates a story through the use of poetic diction either real or imaginary. • Narrative poem has special appeal. • This form of poetry describes events in a vivid way, using some of the elements as short stories, plot characters and dialogue.
  • 44. Epic • This is a long and narrative poem that normally tells a story about a hero or an adventure. • Epics can be oral stories or can be poems in written form. 1. Popular or ancient poetry is usually without definite author and slow in the development. 2. Modern epic poetry has a definite author.
  • 45. 5 Greatest examples of epic poem • Beowulf by Anonymous -This is an Old English language heroic epic poem of anonymous authorship, dating as recorded in the Nowell Codex manuscript from between the 8th to the 11th century and relates events described as having occurred in what is now Denmark and Sweden. • Metamorphoses by Ovid -This is a narrative poem in fifteen books that describes the creation and history of the world. • The Odyssey by Homer -The poem is, in part, a sequel to Homer’s Iliad and mainly centers on the Greek hero Odysseus and his long journey home to Ithaca following the fall ofTroy. • Epic of Gilgamesh by Anonymous -This is an epic poem from Ancient Mesopotamia and is among the earliest known works of literary fiction. • The Iliad by Homer - oldest extant work of literature in the ancient Greek language, making it the first work of European literature.
  • 46. Ballad • It also tell a story, like epic poems however, ballad poetry is often based on a legend or a folk tale. • Most ballads are written in four- six stanzas and has a regular rhythms and rhyme schemes. • A ballad often features a refrain-a regular repeated line or group of lines.
  • 47. The Mermaid by Unknown author Oh the ocean waves may roll, And the stormy winds may blow, While we poor sailors go skipping aloft And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below And the land lubbers lay down below.
  • 48. Social poem • This is either purely comic or tragic and pictures the life of today. • It may aim to bring changes in social conditions.
  • 50. Dramatic Poetry • Has elements related closely to the drama. • It uses a dramatic technique and may unfold a story. • It emphasize the character rather than the narrative.
  • 51. Dramatic monologue • This is a combination of drama and poetry. • It presents some line or speech of single character in a particular but complicated situation and sometimes in a dilemma
  • 52. Solilouy • The speaker of the poem or the character in a play delivers a passage. • The thoughts and emotions are heard by the author and the audience as well.
  • 53. Oration • This Is a formal address elevated in tone and usually delivered on some notable occasion.
  • 54. Character Sketch • This is a poem which the writeris concerned less with the elements of story. • He presents his observations and comments to a particular individual.
  • 56. Haiku • Special type of poetry which originated from Japan. • It’s the shortest type of poem and, often, the most difficult to understand. • It consists of three lines that generally do not rhyme.The lines should have five, seven, and five syllables in them.
  • 57. The best-known Japanese haiku is Bashō's "old pond": fu-ru-i-ke ya (5) ka-wa-zu to-bi-ko-mu (7) mi-zu no o-to (5) (Translated) old pond . . . a frog leaps in water’s sound
  • 58. Cinquain • This is five-line poem which also originated in Japan. • There are many different variations of cinquain including American Cinquains, didactic cinquains, reverse cinquains, butterfly cinquains and crown cinquains.
  • 59. “Snow” by Adelaide Crapsey Look up… From bleakening hills Bloww! s down the light, first breath Of wintry wind…look up, and scent The snow
  • 60. Free Verse • A loosest type of poem. • It can consists as many lines as the writer wants and either rhyme or not and has no fixed metrical pattern. • This type of poem openly called as “Poem with no rules.”
  • 61. Feelings, Now by Katherine Foreman Some kind of attraction that is neither Animal, vegetable, nor mineral, a power not Solar, fusion, or magnetic And it is all in my head that I could see into his And find myself sitting there.
  • 62. Name poem • A special type of poetry belong to descriptive poetry that use an adjective to describe a person that begins with each letter of that person's name.
  • 63. Taylor Taylor likes each sentiment to be Appropriate to its own time and place. Years may roll like waves across her shore, Leaving none of what there was before, Obliterating every sign of grace. Reason not, saysTaylor, with the sea! Zulueta 2016
  • 64. *End*