Gatchalian , francisco iii
Salud, Von jovi
Types of poetry
LYRIC Narrative dramatic
TYPES OF POETRY
is a short poem which has the
characteristics of a song
It pertains to a single mood or feeling
and is more personal in nature.
The Name sonnet derives from Italian
word sonneto which means little song.
is a relatively short poem consisting of
merely fourteen lines. It is known to follow
a strict pattern of rhyme.
Classified into Petrarchan, Shakespearean,
Spenserian and Miltonic sonnets.
by William Shakespeare
Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Love is not love which alters when it alteration finds,
Or bends with the remover to remove:
O no! it is an ever-fixed mark
That looks on tempests and is never shaken;
It is the star to every wandering bark,
Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken.
Love's not time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks
Within his bending sickle's compass come:
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,
But bears it out even to the edge of doom
If this be error and upon me proved,
I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
This is a lyric poem which expresses
lament and mourning of the dead,
feeling of grief and melancholy.
The theme of this poem is death.
By John Milton
Yet once more, O ye Laurels, and once more
Ye Myrtles brown, with Ivy never-sear,
I com to pluck your Berries harsh and crude,
And with forc'd fingers rude,
Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year.
Bitter constraint, and sad occasion dear,
Compels me to disturb your season due:
For Lycidas is dead, dead ere his prime.
This is apoem of nobling feeling, expressed with
dignity and praises for some persons, objects,
events or ideas.
It is exalted in tone and formal in structure and
Ode on a Grecian Urn
By John Keats
Thou still unravish'd bride of quietness,
Thou foster-child of silence and slow time,
Sylvan historian, who canst thus express
A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme:
What leaf-fring'd legend haunts about thy shape
Of deities or mortals, or of both,
In Tempe or the dales of Arcady?
What men or gods are these? What maidens loth?
What mad pursuit? What struggle to escape?
What pipes and timbrels? What wild ecstasy?
Types of poet that narrates a story through
the use of poetic diction either real or
Narrative poem has special appeal.
This form of poetry describes events in a
vivid way, using some of the elements as
short stories, plot characters and dialogue.
This is a long and narrative poem that normally
tells a story about a hero or an adventure.
Epics can be oral stories or can be poems in
1. Popular or ancient poetry is usually without
definite author and slow in the development.
2. Modern epic poetry has a definite author.
5 Greatest examples of epic poem
Beowulf by Anonymous - This is an Old English language heroic epic
poem of anonymous authorship, dating as recorded in the Nowell Codex
manuscript from between the 8th to the 11th century and relates events
described as having occurred in what is now Denmark and Sweden.
Metamorphoses by Ovid - This is a narrative poem in fifteen books that
describes the creation and history of the world.
The Odyssey by Homer - The poem is, in part, a sequel to Homer’s Iliad
and mainly centers on the Greek hero Odysseus and his long journey
home to Ithaca following the fall of Troy.
Epic of Gilgamesh by Anonymous - This is an epic poem from Ancient
Mesopotamia and is among the earliest known works of literary fiction.
The Iliad by Homer - oldest extant work of literature in the ancient Greek
language, making it the first work of European literature.
It also tell a story, like epic poems however,
ballad poetry is often based on a legend or
a folk tale.
Most ballads are written in four-six stanzas
and has a regular rhythms and rhyme
A ballad often features a refrain-a regular
repeated line or group of lines.
by Unknown author
Oh the ocean waves may roll,
And the stormy winds may blow,
While we poor sailors go skipping aloft
And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below
And the land lubbers lay down below.
This is either purely comic or tragic and
pictures the life of today.
It may aim to bring changes in social
Has elements related closely to the drama.
It uses a dramatic technique and may
unfold a story.
It emphasize the character rather than the
This is a combination of drama and
It presents some line or speech of single
character in a particular but complicated
situation and sometimes in a dilemma
The speaker of the poem or the
character in a play delivers a passage.
The thoughts and emotions are heard by
the author and the audience as well.
This Is a formal address elevated in tone
and usually delivered on some notable
This is a poem which the writeris
concerned less with the elements of
He presents his observations and
comments to a particular individual.
Special type of poetry which originated
It’s the shortest type of poem and, often,
the most difficult to understand.
It consists of three lines that generally
do not rhyme. The lines should have five,
seven, and five syllables in them.
The best-known Japanese
haiku is Bashō's "old pond":
fu-ru-i-ke ya (5)
ka-wa-zu to-bi-ko-mu (7)
mi-zu no o-to (5)
old pond . . .
a frog leaps in
This is five-line poem which also originated in
There are many different variations of cinquain
including American Cinquains, didactic cinquains,
reverse cinquains, butterfly cinquains and crown
by Adelaide Crapsey
From bleakening hills
Bloww! s down the light, first breath
Of wintry wind…look up, and scent
A loosest type of poem.
It can consists as many lines as the
writer wants and either rhyme or not and
has no fixed metrical pattern.
This type of poem openly called as
“Poem with no rules.”
by Katherine Foreman
Some kind of attraction that is neither
Animal, vegetable, nor mineral, a power not
Solar, fusion, or magnetic
And it is all in my head that
I could see into his
And find myself sitting there.
A special type of poetry belong to
descriptive poetry that use an adjective
to describe a person that begins with
each letter of that person's name.
Taylor likes each sentiment to be
Appropriate to its own time and place.
Years may roll like waves across her shore,
Leaving none of what there was before,
Obliterating every sign of grace.
Reason not, says Taylor, with the sea!
Introduction to literature