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Types Of Poetry


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Types Of Poetry

  1. 1. Prepared By: Donasco, emily Gatchalian , francisco iii Giba, marjorie Salud, Von jovi Types of poetry
  2. 2. LYRIC Narrative dramatic Special types TYPES OF POETRY SONNET elegy ode epic Ballad Social Dramatic monologur soliloquy Character sketch oration Haiku Cinquain Limeck Name poem
  3. 3. Lyric poem  is a short poem which has the characteristics of a song  It pertains to a single mood or feeling and is more personal in nature.
  4. 4. SONNET  The Name sonnet derives from Italian word sonneto which means little song.  is a relatively short poem consisting of merely fourteen lines. It is known to follow a strict pattern of rhyme.  Classified into Petrarchan, Shakespearean, Spenserian and Miltonic sonnets.
  5. 5. Sonnet 116 by William Shakespeare Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments. Love is not love which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O no! it is an ever-fixed mark That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken. Love's not time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle's compass come: Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
  6. 6. Elegy  This is a lyric poem which expresses lament and mourning of the dead, feeling of grief and melancholy.  The theme of this poem is death.
  7. 7. Lycidas By John Milton Yet once more, O ye Laurels, and once more Ye Myrtles brown, with Ivy never-sear, I com to pluck your Berries harsh and crude, And with forc'd fingers rude, Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year. Bitter constraint, and sad occasion dear, Compels me to disturb your season due: For Lycidas is dead, dead ere his prime.
  8. 8. Ode  This is apoem of nobling feeling, expressed with dignity and praises for some persons, objects, events or ideas.  It is exalted in tone and formal in structure and content.
  9. 9. Ode on a Grecian Urn By John Keats Thou still unravish'd bride of quietness, Thou foster-child of silence and slow time, Sylvan historian, who canst thus express A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme: What leaf-fring'd legend haunts about thy shape Of deities or mortals, or of both, In Tempe or the dales of Arcady? What men or gods are these? What maidens loth? What mad pursuit? What struggle to escape? What pipes and timbrels? What wild ecstasy?
  10. 10. Narrative poetry  Types of poet that narrates a story through the use of poetic diction either real or imaginary  Narrative poem has special appeal.  This form of poetry describes events in a vivid way, using some of the elements as short stories, plot characters and dialogue.
  11. 11. Epic  This is a long and narrative poem that normally tells a story about a hero or an adventure.  Epics can be oral stories or can be poems in written form. 1. Popular or ancient poetry is usually without definite author and slow in the development. 2. Modern epic poetry has a definite author.
  12. 12. 5 Greatest examples of epic poem  Beowulf by Anonymous - This is an Old English language heroic epic poem of anonymous authorship, dating as recorded in the Nowell Codex manuscript from between the 8th to the 11th century and relates events described as having occurred in what is now Denmark and Sweden.  Metamorphoses by Ovid - This is a narrative poem in fifteen books that describes the creation and history of the world.  The Odyssey by Homer - The poem is, in part, a sequel to Homer’s Iliad and mainly centers on the Greek hero Odysseus and his long journey home to Ithaca following the fall of Troy.  Epic of Gilgamesh by Anonymous - This is an epic poem from Ancient Mesopotamia and is among the earliest known works of literary fiction.  The Iliad by Homer - oldest extant work of literature in the ancient Greek language, making it the first work of European literature.
  13. 13. Ballad poems  It also tell a story, like epic poems however, ballad poetry is often based on a legend or a folk tale.  Most ballads are written in four-six stanzas and has a regular rhythms and rhyme schemes.  A ballad often features a refrain-a regular repeated line or group of lines.
  14. 14. The Mermaid by Unknown author Oh the ocean waves may roll, And the stormy winds may blow, While we poor sailors go skipping aloft And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below And the land lubbers lay down below.
  15. 15. Social poem  This is either purely comic or tragic and pictures the life of today.  It may aim to bring changes in social conditions.
  16. 16. Dramatic poetry  Has elements related closely to the drama.  It uses a dramatic technique and may unfold a story.  It emphasize the character rather than the narrative.
  17. 17. Dramatic monologue  This is a combination of drama and poetry.  It presents some line or speech of single character in a particular but complicated situation and sometimes in a dilemma
  18. 18. Soliloquy  The speaker of the poem or the character in a play delivers a passage.  The thoughts and emotions are heard by the author and the audience as well.
  19. 19. Oration  This Is a formal address elevated in tone and usually delivered on some notable occasion.
  20. 20. Character Sketch  This is a poem which the writeris concerned less with the elements of story.  He presents his observations and comments to a particular individual.
  21. 21. Special Types of poems
  22. 22. Haiku  Special type of poetry which originated from Japan.  It’s the shortest type of poem and, often, the most difficult to understand.  It consists of three lines that generally do not rhyme. The lines should have five, seven, and five syllables in them.
  23. 23.  The best-known Japanese haiku is Bashō's "old pond": fu-ru-i-ke ya (5) ka-wa-zu to-bi-ko-mu (7) mi-zu no o-to (5) Translated old pond . . . a frog leaps in water’s sound
  24. 24. Cinquain  This is five-line poem which also originated in Japan.  There are many different variations of cinquain including American Cinquains, didactic cinquains, reverse cinquains, butterfly cinquains and crown cinquains.
  25. 25. “Snow” by Adelaide Crapsey Look up… From bleakening hills Bloww! s down the light, first breath Of wintry wind…look up, and scent The snow
  26. 26. Free Verse  A loosest type of poem.  It can consists as many lines as the writer wants and either rhyme or not and has no fixed metrical pattern.  This type of poem openly called as “Poem with no rules.”
  27. 27. Feelings, Now by Katherine Foreman Some kind of attraction that is neither Animal, vegetable, nor mineral, a power not Solar, fusion, or magnetic And it is all in my head that I could see into his And find myself sitting there.
  28. 28. Name poem  A special type of poetry belong to descriptive poetry that use an adjective to describe a person that begins with each letter of that person's name.
  29. 29. Taylor Taylor likes each sentiment to be Appropriate to its own time and place. Years may roll like waves across her shore, Leaving none of what there was before, Obliterating every sign of grace. Reason not, says Taylor, with the sea!
  30. 30. REFERENCES  http://examples.yourdictionary.c om  Introduction to literature