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Cw Typesof Poetry


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Cw Typesof Poetry

  1. 1. Types of Poetry Creative Writing
  2. 2. Genres of Poetry <ul><li>Narrative Poetry- a narrative poem is one that tells a story. Types of narrative poetry include ballads and epics. (Think of Homer… not the guy from The Simpsons!) </li></ul><ul><li>Lyric Poetry- a highly musical verse that expresses the emotions of the speaker. Common types are sonnets, odes, free verse and elegies. </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic poetry- a dramatic poem is a verse that relies heavily on dramatic elements such as monologue, or dialogue. Two types of dramatic poetry are dramatic monologue and soliloquy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Formal Verse <ul><li>Set patterns of rhythm and rhyme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. Beowolf </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Based on scansion (the counting of stresses and syllables) and set verse pattern. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes, a rhyme scheme matters, but not always. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Meter <ul><li>The rhythmical patter of a piece </li></ul><ul><li>English verse is made of rhythmical units called feet. A foot is made up of weakly stressed (˘) and strongly stressed (/) syllables. </li></ul><ul><li>Meter is based on the number of feet in each line. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Poetry has feet? Type of Foot Pattern Example Iamb, or iambic foot ˘ / afraid, the sky Trochee, or trochaic foot / ˘ freedom, heaven Anapest, or anapestic foot ˘ ˘/ in a flash, to the dark Dactyl, or dactylic foot / ˘ ˘ feverish, go and ask Spondee, or spondaic foot / / baseball Pyrrhee or pyrrhic foot ˘ ˘ unbeliev able
  6. 6. Lines <ul><li>Monometer = one foot </li></ul><ul><li>Dimeter = two feet </li></ul><ul><li>Trimeter = three feet </li></ul><ul><li>Tetrameter = four feet </li></ul><ul><li>Pentameter = five feet </li></ul><ul><li>Hexameter = six feet </li></ul>
  7. 7. Playing With Feet <ul><li>See your worksheet. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rhyming Patterns <ul><li>Couplet = aa bb cc dd, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Tercet (Triplet) = aaa bbb ccc ddd, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Quatrain = abab cdcd efef, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Terza Rima = aba bcb cdc ded, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Shakespearean Sonnets <ul><li>This sonnet has the simplest and most flexible pattern of all sonnets, consisting of 3 quatrains of alternating rhyme and a couplet: </li></ul><ul><li>a b a b c d c d e f e f g g </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sonnet 141 <ul><li>In faith, I do not love thee with mine eyes, </li></ul><ul><li>For they in thee a thousand errors note; </li></ul><ul><li>But ’tis my heart that loves what they despise, </li></ul><ul><li>Who in despite of view is pleased to dote. </li></ul><ul><li>Nor are mine ears with thy tongue’s tune delighted, </li></ul><ul><li>Nor tender feeling to base touches prone, </li></ul><ul><li>Nor taste, nor smell, desire to be invited </li></ul><ul><li>To any sensual feast with thee alone. </li></ul><ul><li>But my five wits, nor my five senses, can </li></ul><ul><li>Dissuade one foolish heart from serving thee, </li></ul><ul><li>Who leaves unswayed the likeness of a man, </li></ul><ul><li>Thy proud heart’s slave and vassal wretch to be. </li></ul><ul><li>Only my plague thus far I count my gain, </li></ul><ul><li>That she that makes me sin awards me pain. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Group Sonnets <ul><li>Write a sonnet with your group (of 3 or 4) by alternating lines. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Blank Verse <ul><li>Unrhymed iambic pentameter </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare’s language (from the plays) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Transition <ul><li>Twentieth Century </li></ul><ul><li>Likened to the transition from ballet to contemporary dance </li></ul><ul><li>Started with Emily Dickinson & Walt Whitman </li></ul><ul><li>Loosened forms </li></ul>
  14. 14. Free Verse <ul><li>Loosened rhythms </li></ul><ul><li>Rhymes set askew </li></ul><ul><li>Took on the rhythms of ordinary speech </li></ul><ul><li>Practiced by poets who first taught themselves the rigors of earlier periods, of formal verse. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Concrete poem is written in a shape that adds meaning to the poem.
  16. 16. I propose <ul><li>… that you begin to play with sound and rhythm. </li></ul><ul><li>… that you imitate what you like; imitation, which has been called the sincerest form of flattery, is also the most teaching form of play. </li></ul><ul><li>… that you begin by writing poems about the subjects that matter to you. </li></ul>