SlideShare a Scribd company logo
T he Rhythm of

Poetr y:

Syllable - Poetic feet - Meter
Syllables
• English words have clear syllables.
• We can usually divide words into
syllables easily.
• We can also determine which syllables to
emphasize, or “stress” in each word.
 For example:
• Angel = AN-gel  (not an-GEL)
• Complete = com-PLETE  (not COM-plete)
More Syllables
• poem = PO-em…….(1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
• poetry = PO-e-try…….(1 stressed + 2 unstressed)
• relief = re-LIEF……. (1 unstressed + 1 stressed)
• recommend = re-com-MEND……. (2 unstressed + 1 stressed)
• discomfort = dis-COM-fort… (1 unstressed + 1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
• entertainment = en-ter-TAIN-ment (2 unstressed + 1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
Scansion
• (1) the act of scanning, or analyzing poetry
in terms of its rhythmic components
• (2) the graphic representation,
indicated by marked accents, feet, etc.,
of the rhythm of a line or lines of verse
– You may have seen scansion marks like the
following:
The curved lines are
“unstressed” syllables while the
straight slashes are “stressed”
Poetic Meter
• Meters are the rhythms within poems.
• Meters are the arrangement of
stressed/unstressed syllables to
stressed
occur at apparently equal intervals.
• Metered verse has prescribed rules as
to the number and placement of
syllables used per line.
Poetic Foot
• A poetic foot is a repeated sequence
of rhythm comprised of two or more
stressed and/or unstressed syllables.
• Poetic meter is comprised of poetic feet
Five main patterns to poetic feet:
1. Iambic
2. Trochaic

Anapestic
4. Dactylic
5. Spondaic
3.
Iambic pattern
• 1 unstressed syllable
stressed syllable
• EXAMPLES:
– repose (re-POSE)
POSE
– belief (be-LIEF)
LIEF
– complete (com-PLETE)
PLETE

followed by

1
Trochaic Pattern
• 1 stressed syllable followed by 1
unstressed syllable
• EXAMPLES:
– garland (GAR-land)
– speaking (SPEAK-ing)
– value (VAL-ue)
Anapestic pattern
• 2 unstressed syllables
stressed syllable

followed by

• EXAMPLES:
– on the road
– interrupt (in-ter-RUPT)
RUPT
– unabridged, contradict, engineer,
bridged
dict
eer
masquerade, Galilee
rade

1
Dactylic pattern
• 1 stressed syllable followed by 2
unstressed syllables
• EXAMPLE:
– happiness (HAP-pi-ness)
– galloping (GAL-lop-ing)
– fortunate, Saturday, daffodil, murmuring,
for
Sat
daf
mur
rhapsody
rhap
Spondaic Pattern
• All syllables have equal stress
• EXAMPLE:
– Heartbreak
– “Out, out…”
– "pen-knife," "ad hoc," "heartburn"
The Iambic foot
• The iamb = (1 unstressed syllable + 1 stressed syllable) is the
most common poetic foot in English verse.
• iambic foot examples:
– behold
– destroy
– the sun (articles such as “the” would be considered unstressed syllables)
– and watch (conjunctions such as and would be considered unstressed
syllables)
Lines containing iambic feet
• Behold / and watch / the sun / destroy / and grow (5 iambs)
• When I / do COUNT / the CLOCK / that TELLS / the
TIME

[Shakespeare’s Sonnet 12] (5 iambs)

• Shall I / compare /thee to / a sum / mer's day?
[Shakespeare’s Sonnet 12] (5 iambs)

• Come live/ with me/ and be/ my love (4 iambs)
(poem by Christopher Marlowe)
Trochaic poem: a stressed syllable
followed by an unstressed one
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's “The Song of Hiawatha”
By the / shores of / Gitche / Gumee,
By the / shining / Big-Sea /-Water,
Stood the / wigwam / of No / komis,
Daughter / of the / Moon, No / komis.
Dark behind it rose the forest,
Rose the black and gloomy pine-trees,
Rose the firs with cones upon them;
Bright before' it beat the water,
Beat the clear and sunny water,
Beat the shining Big-Sea-Water.
Anapestic poetry:

2 unstressed syllables + 1 stressed one

Limericks contain anapestic meter (in blue)

A Limerick by Edward Lear:
There was / an Old Man / with a beard,
Who said, "It is just / as I feared!
Two Owls / and a Hen,
Four Larks / and a Wren,
Have all / built their nests / in my beard!"
Dactylic poem:

1 stressed + 2 unstressed

Charge of the Light Brigade by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Half a league, / half a league,
Half a league / onward,
All in the / valley of / Death
Rode the / six hundred.
"Forward, the / Light Brigade!
Charge for the / guns!" he said:
Into the / valley of / Death
Rode the / six hundred.
Spondaic Poem: 2 equal syllables
• Because of this nature of the spondee,
a serious poem cannot be solely
spondaic.
spondaic
• It would be almost impossible to construct
a poem entirely of stressed syllables.
syllables
• Therefore, the spondee usually
occurs within a poem having another
dominant rhythm scheme.
Combinations of Poetic Feet
•
•
•
•
•
•

One foot per line: monometer
Two feet per line : dimeter
Three feet per line : trimeter
Four feet per line : tetrameter
Five feet per line : pentameter
Six feet per line : hexameter
Type + Number = Meter
•
•
•
•
•

Types of Poetic Feet
Iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed)
Trochaic (1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
Anapestic
Dactylic (1 stressed + 2 unstressed)
Spondaic (all syllables equal)
(2 unstressed + 1 stressed)

Number of feet per line

•
•
•
•
•
•

Monometer
Dimeter
Trimeter
Tetrameter
Pentameter
Hexameter
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 1 foot per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of poem would it be?

•A: Iambic monometer
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 2 feet per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of poem would it be?

•A: Iambic dimeter
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of poem would it be?

•A: Iambic trimeter
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 4 feet per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of poem would it be?

•A: Iambic tetrameter
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 5 feet per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of poem would it be?

•A: Iambic pentameter
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and
line
the foot was trochaic (1 stressed +1
unstressed),

what type of poem would it be?

•A: Trochaic tetrameter
Go ahead…
experiment with
different metric styles
in your own poetry!
End of presentation.

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Definition, elements, types, and genres of poetry
Definition, elements, types, and genres of poetryDefinition, elements, types, and genres of poetry
Definition, elements, types, and genres of poetry
 
English 8 - Prosodic Features of Speech
English 8 - Prosodic Features of SpeechEnglish 8 - Prosodic Features of Speech
English 8 - Prosodic Features of Speech
 
Prose
ProseProse
Prose
 
Prosodic features of speech
Prosodic features of speechProsodic features of speech
Prosodic features of speech
 
Forms of poetry
Forms of poetryForms of poetry
Forms of poetry
 
Prosodic Featuures of Speech
Prosodic Featuures of SpeechProsodic Featuures of Speech
Prosodic Featuures of Speech
 
All About Poetry (Elements and Types of Poetry)
All About Poetry (Elements and Types of Poetry)All About Poetry (Elements and Types of Poetry)
All About Poetry (Elements and Types of Poetry)
 
Imagery
ImageryImagery
Imagery
 
Speech choir
Speech choir Speech choir
Speech choir
 
LYRIC POETRY
LYRIC POETRYLYRIC POETRY
LYRIC POETRY
 
Sonnets & its kinds
Sonnets & its kindsSonnets & its kinds
Sonnets & its kinds
 
Elements of Poetry
Elements of PoetryElements of Poetry
Elements of Poetry
 
Introduction to poetry
Introduction to poetryIntroduction to poetry
Introduction to poetry
 
Annabel Lee
Annabel LeeAnnabel Lee
Annabel Lee
 
Elements of short story
Elements of short storyElements of short story
Elements of short story
 
Rhythm and Meter in Poetry
Rhythm and Meter in PoetryRhythm and Meter in Poetry
Rhythm and Meter in Poetry
 
Types and Elements of Poetry
Types and Elements of  PoetryTypes and Elements of  Poetry
Types and Elements of Poetry
 
American literature
American literatureAmerican literature
American literature
 
What is literature
What is literatureWhat is literature
What is literature
 
Literary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: Structuralism
Literary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: StructuralismLiterary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: Structuralism
Literary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: Structuralism
 

Similar to Meter in Poetry (20)

RHYTHMS OF POETRY.ppt
RHYTHMS OF POETRY.pptRHYTHMS OF POETRY.ppt
RHYTHMS OF POETRY.ppt
 
Metre
MetreMetre
Metre
 
1. meter in poetry and verse.pdf
1. meter in poetry and verse.pdf1. meter in poetry and verse.pdf
1. meter in poetry and verse.pdf
 
Metre
MetreMetre
Metre
 
A Quick Guide to Poetry
A Quick Guide to PoetryA Quick Guide to Poetry
A Quick Guide to Poetry
 
What is meter in poetry.pdf
What is meter in poetry.pdfWhat is meter in poetry.pdf
What is meter in poetry.pdf
 
What is Meter in Poetry.pdf
What is Meter in Poetry.pdfWhat is Meter in Poetry.pdf
What is Meter in Poetry.pdf
 
Elements of Poetry
Elements of PoetryElements of Poetry
Elements of Poetry
 
Poetry powerpoint
Poetry powerpointPoetry powerpoint
Poetry powerpoint
 
Phonetic stylistic devices
Phonetic stylistic devicesPhonetic stylistic devices
Phonetic stylistic devices
 
elementsofpoetry.pptx
elementsofpoetry.pptxelementsofpoetry.pptx
elementsofpoetry.pptx
 
Shakespeare’s sonnets
Shakespeare’s sonnetsShakespeare’s sonnets
Shakespeare’s sonnets
 
Poetry Appreciation
Poetry AppreciationPoetry Appreciation
Poetry Appreciation
 
Poetry and Meter
Poetry and MeterPoetry and Meter
Poetry and Meter
 
Rhyme Scheme, Rhythm, and Meter
Rhyme Scheme, Rhythm, and Meter Rhyme Scheme, Rhythm, and Meter
Rhyme Scheme, Rhythm, and Meter
 
E10 apr27 2011
E10 apr27 2011E10 apr27 2011
E10 apr27 2011
 
Rhyme Scheme, Rhythm, and Meter
Rhyme Scheme, Rhythm, and Meter Rhyme Scheme, Rhythm, and Meter
Rhyme Scheme, Rhythm, and Meter
 
Poetic Form
Poetic FormPoetic Form
Poetic Form
 
1evans virginia dooley_jenny_pathways_to_literature_student_s
1evans virginia dooley_jenny_pathways_to_literature_student_s1evans virginia dooley_jenny_pathways_to_literature_student_s
1evans virginia dooley_jenny_pathways_to_literature_student_s
 
Poetry
PoetryPoetry
Poetry
 

More from Crowder College

More from Crowder College (20)

Logical Fallacies Slide Show
Logical Fallacies Slide Show Logical Fallacies Slide Show
Logical Fallacies Slide Show
 
Goethe
GoetheGoethe
Goethe
 
Plot in Literature
Plot in LiteraturePlot in Literature
Plot in Literature
 
Introduction to Contemporary Literature
Introduction to Contemporary LiteratureIntroduction to Contemporary Literature
Introduction to Contemporary Literature
 
Introduction to Modernism
Introduction to ModernismIntroduction to Modernism
Introduction to Modernism
 
An Introduction to Henrik Ibsen
An Introduction to Henrik IbsenAn Introduction to Henrik Ibsen
An Introduction to Henrik Ibsen
 
Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
 
Introduction to Rabindranath Tagore
Introduction to Rabindranath Tagore   Introduction to Rabindranath Tagore
Introduction to Rabindranath Tagore
 
Poetry Analysis Basics
Poetry Analysis BasicsPoetry Analysis Basics
Poetry Analysis Basics
 
Introduction to Petrarch
Introduction to PetrarchIntroduction to Petrarch
Introduction to Petrarch
 
The Hero's Journey
The Hero's JourneyThe Hero's Journey
The Hero's Journey
 
Introduction to Beowulf
Introduction to BeowulfIntroduction to Beowulf
Introduction to Beowulf
 
Europe and the New World
Europe and the New WorldEurope and the New World
Europe and the New World
 
Petrarch and the Love Lyric
Petrarch and the Love LyricPetrarch and the Love Lyric
Petrarch and the Love Lyric
 
Humanism
HumanismHumanism
Humanism
 
Sophocles: Oedipus Rex
Sophocles: Oedipus RexSophocles: Oedipus Rex
Sophocles: Oedipus Rex
 
The Hero
The HeroThe Hero
The Hero
 
Blended Learning at Crowder College
Blended Learning at Crowder CollegeBlended Learning at Crowder College
Blended Learning at Crowder College
 
Literary Naturalism
Literary NaturalismLiterary Naturalism
Literary Naturalism
 
Realism
RealismRealism
Realism
 

Recently uploaded

Event Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybrid
Event Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybridEvent Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybrid
Event Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybridHolger Mueller
 
State of D2C in India: A Logistics Update
State of D2C in India: A Logistics UpdateState of D2C in India: A Logistics Update
State of D2C in India: A Logistics UpdateRedSeer
 
Team-Spandex-Northern University-CS1035.
Team-Spandex-Northern University-CS1035.Team-Spandex-Northern University-CS1035.
Team-Spandex-Northern University-CS1035.smalmahmud11
 
Hyundai capital 2024 1quarter Earnings release
Hyundai capital 2024 1quarter Earnings releaseHyundai capital 2024 1quarter Earnings release
Hyundai capital 2024 1quarter Earnings releaseirhcs
 
LinkedIn Masterclass Techweek 2024 v4.1.pptx
LinkedIn Masterclass Techweek 2024 v4.1.pptxLinkedIn Masterclass Techweek 2024 v4.1.pptx
LinkedIn Masterclass Techweek 2024 v4.1.pptxSymbio Agency Ltd
 
Equinox Gold Corporate Deck May 24th 2024
Equinox Gold Corporate Deck May 24th 2024Equinox Gold Corporate Deck May 24th 2024
Equinox Gold Corporate Deck May 24th 2024Equinox Gold Corp.
 
How to Maintain Healthy Life style.pptx
How to Maintain  Healthy Life style.pptxHow to Maintain  Healthy Life style.pptx
How to Maintain Healthy Life style.pptxrdishurana
 
Falcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small Businesses
Falcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small BusinessesFalcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small Businesses
Falcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small BusinessesFalcon investment
 
Did Paul Haggis Ever Win an Oscar for Best Filmmaker
Did Paul Haggis Ever Win an Oscar for Best FilmmakerDid Paul Haggis Ever Win an Oscar for Best Filmmaker
Did Paul Haggis Ever Win an Oscar for Best Filmmakerstajohn447
 
sales plan presentation by mckinsey alum
sales plan presentation by mckinsey alumsales plan presentation by mckinsey alum
sales plan presentation by mckinsey alumzyqmx62fgm
 
Global Interconnection Group Joint Venture[960] (1).pdf
Global Interconnection Group Joint Venture[960] (1).pdfGlobal Interconnection Group Joint Venture[960] (1).pdf
Global Interconnection Group Joint Venture[960] (1).pdfHenry Tapper
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation May 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation May 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation May 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation May 2024Adnet Communications
 
8 Questions B2B Commercial Teams Can Ask To Help Product Discovery
8 Questions B2B Commercial Teams Can Ask To Help Product Discovery8 Questions B2B Commercial Teams Can Ask To Help Product Discovery
8 Questions B2B Commercial Teams Can Ask To Help Product DiscoveryDesmond Leo
 
FEXLE- Salesforce Field Service Lightning
FEXLE- Salesforce Field Service LightningFEXLE- Salesforce Field Service Lightning
FEXLE- Salesforce Field Service LightningFEXLE
 
Cracking the Change Management Code Main New.pptx
Cracking the Change Management Code Main New.pptxCracking the Change Management Code Main New.pptx
Cracking the Change Management Code Main New.pptxWorkforce Group
 
The Truth About Dinesh Bafna's Situation.pdf
The Truth About Dinesh Bafna's Situation.pdfThe Truth About Dinesh Bafna's Situation.pdf
The Truth About Dinesh Bafna's Situation.pdfMont Surfaces
 
Using Generative AI for Content Marketing
Using Generative AI for Content MarketingUsing Generative AI for Content Marketing
Using Generative AI for Content MarketingChuck Aikens
 
Copyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to Know
Copyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to KnowCopyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to Know
Copyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to KnowMiriam Robeson
 
Unlock Your TikTok Potential: Free TikTok Likes with InstBlast
Unlock Your TikTok Potential: Free TikTok Likes with InstBlastUnlock Your TikTok Potential: Free TikTok Likes with InstBlast
Unlock Your TikTok Potential: Free TikTok Likes with InstBlastInstBlast Marketing
 
zidauu _business communication.pptx /pdf
zidauu _business  communication.pptx /pdfzidauu _business  communication.pptx /pdf
zidauu _business communication.pptx /pdfzukhrafshabbir
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Event Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybrid
Event Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybridEvent Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybrid
Event Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybrid
 
State of D2C in India: A Logistics Update
State of D2C in India: A Logistics UpdateState of D2C in India: A Logistics Update
State of D2C in India: A Logistics Update
 
Team-Spandex-Northern University-CS1035.
Team-Spandex-Northern University-CS1035.Team-Spandex-Northern University-CS1035.
Team-Spandex-Northern University-CS1035.
 
Hyundai capital 2024 1quarter Earnings release
Hyundai capital 2024 1quarter Earnings releaseHyundai capital 2024 1quarter Earnings release
Hyundai capital 2024 1quarter Earnings release
 
LinkedIn Masterclass Techweek 2024 v4.1.pptx
LinkedIn Masterclass Techweek 2024 v4.1.pptxLinkedIn Masterclass Techweek 2024 v4.1.pptx
LinkedIn Masterclass Techweek 2024 v4.1.pptx
 
Equinox Gold Corporate Deck May 24th 2024
Equinox Gold Corporate Deck May 24th 2024Equinox Gold Corporate Deck May 24th 2024
Equinox Gold Corporate Deck May 24th 2024
 
How to Maintain Healthy Life style.pptx
How to Maintain  Healthy Life style.pptxHow to Maintain  Healthy Life style.pptx
How to Maintain Healthy Life style.pptx
 
Falcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small Businesses
Falcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small BusinessesFalcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small Businesses
Falcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small Businesses
 
Did Paul Haggis Ever Win an Oscar for Best Filmmaker
Did Paul Haggis Ever Win an Oscar for Best FilmmakerDid Paul Haggis Ever Win an Oscar for Best Filmmaker
Did Paul Haggis Ever Win an Oscar for Best Filmmaker
 
sales plan presentation by mckinsey alum
sales plan presentation by mckinsey alumsales plan presentation by mckinsey alum
sales plan presentation by mckinsey alum
 
Global Interconnection Group Joint Venture[960] (1).pdf
Global Interconnection Group Joint Venture[960] (1).pdfGlobal Interconnection Group Joint Venture[960] (1).pdf
Global Interconnection Group Joint Venture[960] (1).pdf
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation May 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation May 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation May 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation May 2024
 
8 Questions B2B Commercial Teams Can Ask To Help Product Discovery
8 Questions B2B Commercial Teams Can Ask To Help Product Discovery8 Questions B2B Commercial Teams Can Ask To Help Product Discovery
8 Questions B2B Commercial Teams Can Ask To Help Product Discovery
 
FEXLE- Salesforce Field Service Lightning
FEXLE- Salesforce Field Service LightningFEXLE- Salesforce Field Service Lightning
FEXLE- Salesforce Field Service Lightning
 
Cracking the Change Management Code Main New.pptx
Cracking the Change Management Code Main New.pptxCracking the Change Management Code Main New.pptx
Cracking the Change Management Code Main New.pptx
 
The Truth About Dinesh Bafna's Situation.pdf
The Truth About Dinesh Bafna's Situation.pdfThe Truth About Dinesh Bafna's Situation.pdf
The Truth About Dinesh Bafna's Situation.pdf
 
Using Generative AI for Content Marketing
Using Generative AI for Content MarketingUsing Generative AI for Content Marketing
Using Generative AI for Content Marketing
 
Copyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to Know
Copyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to KnowCopyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to Know
Copyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to Know
 
Unlock Your TikTok Potential: Free TikTok Likes with InstBlast
Unlock Your TikTok Potential: Free TikTok Likes with InstBlastUnlock Your TikTok Potential: Free TikTok Likes with InstBlast
Unlock Your TikTok Potential: Free TikTok Likes with InstBlast
 
zidauu _business communication.pptx /pdf
zidauu _business  communication.pptx /pdfzidauu _business  communication.pptx /pdf
zidauu _business communication.pptx /pdf
 

Meter in Poetry

  • 1. T he Rhythm of Poetr y: Syllable - Poetic feet - Meter
  • 2. Syllables • English words have clear syllables. • We can usually divide words into syllables easily. • We can also determine which syllables to emphasize, or “stress” in each word.  For example: • Angel = AN-gel  (not an-GEL) • Complete = com-PLETE  (not COM-plete)
  • 3. More Syllables • poem = PO-em…….(1 stressed + 1 unstressed) • poetry = PO-e-try…….(1 stressed + 2 unstressed) • relief = re-LIEF……. (1 unstressed + 1 stressed) • recommend = re-com-MEND……. (2 unstressed + 1 stressed) • discomfort = dis-COM-fort… (1 unstressed + 1 stressed + 1 unstressed) • entertainment = en-ter-TAIN-ment (2 unstressed + 1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
  • 4. Scansion • (1) the act of scanning, or analyzing poetry in terms of its rhythmic components • (2) the graphic representation, indicated by marked accents, feet, etc., of the rhythm of a line or lines of verse – You may have seen scansion marks like the following: The curved lines are “unstressed” syllables while the straight slashes are “stressed”
  • 5. Poetic Meter • Meters are the rhythms within poems. • Meters are the arrangement of stressed/unstressed syllables to stressed occur at apparently equal intervals. • Metered verse has prescribed rules as to the number and placement of syllables used per line.
  • 6. Poetic Foot • A poetic foot is a repeated sequence of rhythm comprised of two or more stressed and/or unstressed syllables. • Poetic meter is comprised of poetic feet
  • 7. Five main patterns to poetic feet: 1. Iambic 2. Trochaic Anapestic 4. Dactylic 5. Spondaic 3.
  • 8. Iambic pattern • 1 unstressed syllable stressed syllable • EXAMPLES: – repose (re-POSE) POSE – belief (be-LIEF) LIEF – complete (com-PLETE) PLETE followed by 1
  • 9. Trochaic Pattern • 1 stressed syllable followed by 1 unstressed syllable • EXAMPLES: – garland (GAR-land) – speaking (SPEAK-ing) – value (VAL-ue)
  • 10. Anapestic pattern • 2 unstressed syllables stressed syllable followed by • EXAMPLES: – on the road – interrupt (in-ter-RUPT) RUPT – unabridged, contradict, engineer, bridged dict eer masquerade, Galilee rade 1
  • 11. Dactylic pattern • 1 stressed syllable followed by 2 unstressed syllables • EXAMPLE: – happiness (HAP-pi-ness) – galloping (GAL-lop-ing) – fortunate, Saturday, daffodil, murmuring, for Sat daf mur rhapsody rhap
  • 12. Spondaic Pattern • All syllables have equal stress • EXAMPLE: – Heartbreak – “Out, out…” – "pen-knife," "ad hoc," "heartburn"
  • 13. The Iambic foot • The iamb = (1 unstressed syllable + 1 stressed syllable) is the most common poetic foot in English verse. • iambic foot examples: – behold – destroy – the sun (articles such as “the” would be considered unstressed syllables) – and watch (conjunctions such as and would be considered unstressed syllables)
  • 14. Lines containing iambic feet • Behold / and watch / the sun / destroy / and grow (5 iambs) • When I / do COUNT / the CLOCK / that TELLS / the TIME [Shakespeare’s Sonnet 12] (5 iambs) • Shall I / compare /thee to / a sum / mer's day? [Shakespeare’s Sonnet 12] (5 iambs) • Come live/ with me/ and be/ my love (4 iambs) (poem by Christopher Marlowe)
  • 15. Trochaic poem: a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's “The Song of Hiawatha” By the / shores of / Gitche / Gumee, By the / shining / Big-Sea /-Water, Stood the / wigwam / of No / komis, Daughter / of the / Moon, No / komis. Dark behind it rose the forest, Rose the black and gloomy pine-trees, Rose the firs with cones upon them; Bright before' it beat the water, Beat the clear and sunny water, Beat the shining Big-Sea-Water.
  • 16. Anapestic poetry: 2 unstressed syllables + 1 stressed one Limericks contain anapestic meter (in blue) A Limerick by Edward Lear: There was / an Old Man / with a beard, Who said, "It is just / as I feared! Two Owls / and a Hen, Four Larks / and a Wren, Have all / built their nests / in my beard!"
  • 17. Dactylic poem: 1 stressed + 2 unstressed Charge of the Light Brigade by Alfred, Lord Tennyson Half a league, / half a league, Half a league / onward, All in the / valley of / Death Rode the / six hundred. "Forward, the / Light Brigade! Charge for the / guns!" he said: Into the / valley of / Death Rode the / six hundred.
  • 18. Spondaic Poem: 2 equal syllables • Because of this nature of the spondee, a serious poem cannot be solely spondaic. spondaic • It would be almost impossible to construct a poem entirely of stressed syllables. syllables • Therefore, the spondee usually occurs within a poem having another dominant rhythm scheme.
  • 19. Combinations of Poetic Feet • • • • • • One foot per line: monometer Two feet per line : dimeter Three feet per line : trimeter Four feet per line : tetrameter Five feet per line : pentameter Six feet per line : hexameter
  • 20. Type + Number = Meter • • • • • Types of Poetic Feet Iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed) Trochaic (1 stressed + 1 unstressed) Anapestic Dactylic (1 stressed + 2 unstressed) Spondaic (all syllables equal) (2 unstressed + 1 stressed) Number of feet per line • • • • • • Monometer Dimeter Trimeter Tetrameter Pentameter Hexameter
  • 21. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 1 foot per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic monometer
  • 22. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 2 feet per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic dimeter
  • 23. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic trimeter
  • 24. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 4 feet per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic tetrameter
  • 25. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 5 feet per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic pentameter
  • 26. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and line the foot was trochaic (1 stressed +1 unstressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Trochaic tetrameter
  • 27. Go ahead… experiment with different metric styles in your own poetry! End of presentation.

Editor's Notes

  1. {}