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T he Rhythm of

Poetr y:

Syllable - Poetic feet - Meter
Syllables
• English words have clear syllables.
• We can usually divide words into
syllables easily.
• We can also determi...
More Syllables
• poem = PO-em…….(1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
• poetry = PO-e-try…….(1 stressed + 2 unstressed)
• relief = r...
Scansion
• (1) the act of scanning, or analyzing poetry
in terms of its rhythmic components
• (2) the graphic representati...
Poetic Meter
• Meters are the rhythms within poems.
• Meters are the arrangement of
stressed/unstressed syllables to
stres...
Poetic Foot
• A poetic foot is a repeated sequence
of rhythm comprised of two or more
stressed and/or unstressed syllables...
Five main patterns to poetic feet:
1. Iambic
2. Trochaic

Anapestic
4. Dactylic
5. Spondaic
3.
Iambic pattern
• 1 unstressed syllable
stressed syllable
• EXAMPLES:
– repose (re-POSE)
POSE
– belief (be-LIEF)
LIEF
– com...
Trochaic Pattern
• 1 stressed syllable followed by 1
unstressed syllable
• EXAMPLES:
– garland (GAR-land)
– speaking (SPEA...
Anapestic pattern
• 2 unstressed syllables
stressed syllable

followed by

• EXAMPLES:
– on the road
– interrupt (in-ter-R...
Dactylic pattern
• 1 stressed syllable followed by 2
unstressed syllables
• EXAMPLE:
– happiness (HAP-pi-ness)
– galloping...
Spondaic Pattern
• All syllables have equal stress
• EXAMPLE:
– Heartbreak
– “Out, out…”
– "pen-knife," "ad hoc," "heartbu...
The Iambic foot
• The iamb = (1 unstressed syllable + 1 stressed syllable) is the
most common poetic foot in English verse...
Lines containing iambic feet
• Behold / and watch / the sun / destroy / and grow (5 iambs)
• When I / do COUNT / the CLOCK...
Trochaic poem: a stressed syllable
followed by an unstressed one
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's “The Song of Hiawatha”
By th...
Anapestic poetry:

2 unstressed syllables + 1 stressed one

Limericks contain anapestic meter (in blue)

A Limerick by Edw...
Dactylic poem:

1 stressed + 2 unstressed

Charge of the Light Brigade by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Half a league, / half a le...
Spondaic Poem: 2 equal syllables
• Because of this nature of the spondee,
a serious poem cannot be solely
spondaic.
sponda...
Combinations of Poetic Feet
•
•
•
•
•
•

One foot per line: monometer
Two feet per line : dimeter
Three feet per line : tr...
Type + Number = Meter
•
•
•
•
•

Types of Poetic Feet
Iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed)
Trochaic (1 stressed + 1 unstress...
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 1 foot per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of ...
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 2 feet per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of ...
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of ...
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 4 feet per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of ...
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 5 feet per line, and
line
the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed),
what type of ...
Meters & Feet

• Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and
line
the foot was trochaic (1 stressed +1
unstressed),

what type o...
Go ahead…
experiment with
different metric styles
in your own poetry!
End of presentation.
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Meter in Poetry

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Meter in Poetry

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  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
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Meter in Poetry

  1. 1. T he Rhythm of Poetr y: Syllable - Poetic feet - Meter
  2. 2. Syllables • English words have clear syllables. • We can usually divide words into syllables easily. • We can also determine which syllables to emphasize, or “stress” in each word.  For example: • Angel = AN-gel  (not an-GEL) • Complete = com-PLETE  (not COM-plete)
  3. 3. More Syllables • poem = PO-em…….(1 stressed + 1 unstressed) • poetry = PO-e-try…….(1 stressed + 2 unstressed) • relief = re-LIEF……. (1 unstressed + 1 stressed) • recommend = re-com-MEND……. (2 unstressed + 1 stressed) • discomfort = dis-COM-fort… (1 unstressed + 1 stressed + 1 unstressed) • entertainment = en-ter-TAIN-ment (2 unstressed + 1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
  4. 4. Scansion • (1) the act of scanning, or analyzing poetry in terms of its rhythmic components • (2) the graphic representation, indicated by marked accents, feet, etc., of the rhythm of a line or lines of verse – You may have seen scansion marks like the following: The curved lines are “unstressed” syllables while the straight slashes are “stressed”
  5. 5. Poetic Meter • Meters are the rhythms within poems. • Meters are the arrangement of stressed/unstressed syllables to stressed occur at apparently equal intervals. • Metered verse has prescribed rules as to the number and placement of syllables used per line.
  6. 6. Poetic Foot • A poetic foot is a repeated sequence of rhythm comprised of two or more stressed and/or unstressed syllables. • Poetic meter is comprised of poetic feet
  7. 7. Five main patterns to poetic feet: 1. Iambic 2. Trochaic Anapestic 4. Dactylic 5. Spondaic 3.
  8. 8. Iambic pattern • 1 unstressed syllable stressed syllable • EXAMPLES: – repose (re-POSE) POSE – belief (be-LIEF) LIEF – complete (com-PLETE) PLETE followed by 1
  9. 9. Trochaic Pattern • 1 stressed syllable followed by 1 unstressed syllable • EXAMPLES: – garland (GAR-land) – speaking (SPEAK-ing) – value (VAL-ue)
  10. 10. Anapestic pattern • 2 unstressed syllables stressed syllable followed by • EXAMPLES: – on the road – interrupt (in-ter-RUPT) RUPT – unabridged, contradict, engineer, bridged dict eer masquerade, Galilee rade 1
  11. 11. Dactylic pattern • 1 stressed syllable followed by 2 unstressed syllables • EXAMPLE: – happiness (HAP-pi-ness) – galloping (GAL-lop-ing) – fortunate, Saturday, daffodil, murmuring, for Sat daf mur rhapsody rhap
  12. 12. Spondaic Pattern • All syllables have equal stress • EXAMPLE: – Heartbreak – “Out, out…” – "pen-knife," "ad hoc," "heartburn"
  13. 13. The Iambic foot • The iamb = (1 unstressed syllable + 1 stressed syllable) is the most common poetic foot in English verse. • iambic foot examples: – behold – destroy – the sun (articles such as “the” would be considered unstressed syllables) – and watch (conjunctions such as and would be considered unstressed syllables)
  14. 14. Lines containing iambic feet • Behold / and watch / the sun / destroy / and grow (5 iambs) • When I / do COUNT / the CLOCK / that TELLS / the TIME [Shakespeare’s Sonnet 12] (5 iambs) • Shall I / compare /thee to / a sum / mer's day? [Shakespeare’s Sonnet 12] (5 iambs) • Come live/ with me/ and be/ my love (4 iambs) (poem by Christopher Marlowe)
  15. 15. Trochaic poem: a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's “The Song of Hiawatha” By the / shores of / Gitche / Gumee, By the / shining / Big-Sea /-Water, Stood the / wigwam / of No / komis, Daughter / of the / Moon, No / komis. Dark behind it rose the forest, Rose the black and gloomy pine-trees, Rose the firs with cones upon them; Bright before' it beat the water, Beat the clear and sunny water, Beat the shining Big-Sea-Water.
  16. 16. Anapestic poetry: 2 unstressed syllables + 1 stressed one Limericks contain anapestic meter (in blue) A Limerick by Edward Lear: There was / an Old Man / with a beard, Who said, "It is just / as I feared! Two Owls / and a Hen, Four Larks / and a Wren, Have all / built their nests / in my beard!"
  17. 17. Dactylic poem: 1 stressed + 2 unstressed Charge of the Light Brigade by Alfred, Lord Tennyson Half a league, / half a league, Half a league / onward, All in the / valley of / Death Rode the / six hundred. "Forward, the / Light Brigade! Charge for the / guns!" he said: Into the / valley of / Death Rode the / six hundred.
  18. 18. Spondaic Poem: 2 equal syllables • Because of this nature of the spondee, a serious poem cannot be solely spondaic. spondaic • It would be almost impossible to construct a poem entirely of stressed syllables. syllables • Therefore, the spondee usually occurs within a poem having another dominant rhythm scheme.
  19. 19. Combinations of Poetic Feet • • • • • • One foot per line: monometer Two feet per line : dimeter Three feet per line : trimeter Four feet per line : tetrameter Five feet per line : pentameter Six feet per line : hexameter
  20. 20. Type + Number = Meter • • • • • Types of Poetic Feet Iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed) Trochaic (1 stressed + 1 unstressed) Anapestic Dactylic (1 stressed + 2 unstressed) Spondaic (all syllables equal) (2 unstressed + 1 stressed) Number of feet per line • • • • • • Monometer Dimeter Trimeter Tetrameter Pentameter Hexameter
  21. 21. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 1 foot per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic monometer
  22. 22. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 2 feet per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic dimeter
  23. 23. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic trimeter
  24. 24. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 4 feet per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic tetrameter
  25. 25. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 5 feet per line, and line the foot was iambic (1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Iambic pentameter
  26. 26. Meters & Feet • Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and line the foot was trochaic (1 stressed +1 unstressed), what type of poem would it be? •A: Trochaic tetrameter
  27. 27. Go ahead… experiment with different metric styles in your own poetry! End of presentation.

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