Genocide

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Genocide

  1. 1. AND RELATED CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
  2. 2. By “genocide” we mean the destruction of a nation or of an ethnic group. -- Raphael Lemkin Axis Rule in Occupied Europe 2
  3. 3. GENOCIDEDEMOCIDEETHNIC CLEANSINGPOGROMSGHETTO /SEGREGATIONDISCRIMINATION
  4. 4. THE MELIAN DIALOGUE 416 BC
  5. 5. “ Carthago delenda est” (“Carthage must be destroyed”)CATO THE ELDER THIRD PUNIC WAR 146 BC
  6. 6. Tamerlane1336-1405
  7. 7. Before the Holocaust“Who today speaks of theannihilation of the Armenians?” - Adolf Hitler 1939
  8. 8. THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE “TURKEY FOR THE TURKS!”Talaat Pasha
  9. 9. 1933-1945
  10. 10. First used in And the World was Silent (Wiesel)Shoah (Hebrew) -- Destruction, complete ruination by fire.Porraimos (Romani) – The Devouring 10
  11. 11.  Nazis receive 33% of the vote Reichstag Fire Reichstag Fire Decree Enabling Act Courtesy Library of Congress 11
  12. 12. ―Un-German‖ books burned Courtesy National Archives12
  13. 13. Defined who was (not) German and held citizenship in the Third ReichGroups targeted: Disabled (July 14) Jews (Sept 15) Gypsies (Nov 26)* African-Germans (Nov 26)* * by decree 13
  14. 14.  Registration of Jewish Property Gypsy ―Clean-Up Week‖ Jews are forbidden from owning businesses Jews are forbidden from practicing law and medicine Courtesy National Archives 14
  15. 15.  Thousands of Synagogues and businesses destroyed  30,000 Jews sent to concentration camps  91 people killed  Jewish community fined for damages Courtesy Yad Vashem15
  16. 16.  Jewish passports must have a ―J‖ stamp (1938)  Jews in Poland must wear Star of David armband (1939) Courtesy USHMM & Holocaust Memorial Center16
  17. 17. Jews ordered into ghettos (1939) Courtesy USHMM17
  18. 18. Dachau (1933) Buchenwald (1937) Auschwitz (1940) Courtesy National Archives18
  19. 19. Concentration camps ―labor camps‖ Courtesy USHMM19
  20. 20.  Euthanasia (1939) Lethal injection Carbon monoxide gas chamber False death Emmi G, a 16-year-old schizophrenic, was put to death certificates at Meseritz-Obrawalde Secret program Courtesy USHMM 20
  21. 21. Kovno Lithuania (1941)21 Courtesy USHMM
  22. 22. Einsatzgruppen ―execution order‖ (1941)22 Courtesy USHMM
  23. 23. Jewry must pay for its crime just as our Führer prophesied in his speech in the Reichstag; namely, by the wiping out of the Jewish race in Europe and possibly in the entire world. --Joseph Goebbels, Reichsminister for Propaganda 23
  24. 24. Reichsfuhrer-SSHeinrich Himmler Courtesy USHMM 24
  25. 25. Courtesy USHMM 25
  26. 26. Gas chambers for mass killingCrematories forbody disposal26 Courtesy USHMM
  27. 27. Jews Roma (Gypsies)Poles Soviet POWsPolitical Opponents DisabledJehovahs Witnesses HomosexualsAfrican-Germans Asocials 27
  28. 28.  11.5 Million people were killed in the Holocaust 6 Million of them were Jews 1.5 Million of them were children 2 million were Soviet POWs 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. http://www.dismalworld.com/violence/khmer_rouge_regime_and_genocide_in_cambodia.php 30
  31. 31. 31
  32. 32. “We ask our brave Hutu brothers not to let this crime go un-punished. Rise up, brothers! Rise up and go towork! Sharpen your tools, pick up your clubs! This race of cockroaches must be eradicated!”
  33. 33. 33
  34. 34.  http://www.historywiz.com/roma-mm.htm 34
  35. 35. The University of Virginia was home to supporters of the science of eugenics. Above, Dr.H.E. Jordan who became Dean of the Department of Medicine at the University in 1939 35
  36. 36. "This person suffering fromhereditary defects costs thecommunity 60,000Reichsmark during hislifetime. Fellow Germans,that is your money, too."
  37. 37. 37
  38. 38. During the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, ID cards were death warrants for many Tutsi stoppedat checkpoints.__________USHMM/Jerry Fowler 38
  39. 39. A German passport issued to Siegfried Jacobsberg and stamped with the letter "J" for "Jude." Siegfried usedthis passport to escape to Shanghai in June 1939. [Photograph #25784] USHMM 39
  40. 40. We Wear the Mask Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) We wear the mask that grins and lies, It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,— This debt we pay to human guile; With torn and bleeding hearts we smile,And mouth with myriad subtleties. Why should the world be over-wise, In counting all our tears and sighs? Nay, let them only see us, while We wear the mask. We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries To thee from tortured souls arise. We sing, but oh the clay is vile Beneath our feet, and long the mile; But let the world dream otherwise, We wear the mask! http://www.potw.org/archive/potw8.html 40
  41. 41. http://www1.yadvashem.org/exhibitions/nussbaum/home_nussbaum.html 41

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