Louise n, ella d and leah e how did nazi’s deal with minorities


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Louise n, ella d and leah e how did nazi’s deal with minorities

  1. 1. By Ella D, Louise N & Leah E
  2. 2.  After becoming chancellor in 1933 Hitler began to create the perfect population; a master race of pure Germans.  They were known as the Aryan Race. They were depicted as tall with blond hair, blue eyes and strong athletic ability.  The SS were a prime example of selective breeding in the Nazi Regime. They only recruited soldiers of pure Aryan blood. It was compulsory for SS soldiers to prove their racial history.  Hitler’s aim was to have a pure Aryan race and those who didn’t meet that criteria were known as the minorities.
  3. 3.  Political opponents – communists & socialists  Typical criminals, tramps & alcoholics  Gypsies  Homosexuals  Black people  Jehovah’s Witnesses
  4. 4. Jewish people: Hitler’s main targets were the Jewish population; many would argue that no one fared worse!
  5. 5.  All Jews in Germany suffered outrageously due to the appalling actions and radical beliefs of the Nazis.  In "Mein Kampf” derogatory names like "filthy Jew" plagued the pages and how the Jews planned to "contaminate" the blood of pure Germans.  More than 2,000 racist laws and decrees were issued between 1933 and 1945; the first one being the boycott of Jewish stores in April 1933  Jews were treated as second class citizens; they had no control and had to sit on seats marked for them.  Jewish children were ridiculed by teachers and bullied
  6. 6.  Passed in 1935; these were a collection of race laws that ultimately aimed to segregate the Jews from the German community  Jews lost their right to be German citizens and marriage between Jews and non-Jews was forbidden  Jews no longer had rights and could be totally controlled by the Nazis.  This law lead to much harsher treatment of Jews; most shops refused to sell food or medicines to Jews, making their life difficult.
  7. 7.  After the murder of Ernst von Rath, a Nazi 'diplomat‘ by a young Jew, Herschel Grynszpan in Paris, the Nazis took revenge against the Jews in a violent attack known as Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass.  More than 10, 000 shops owned by Jews were destroyed and their contents stolen.  Thousands of synagogues, Jewish businesses and homes were damaged or destroyed all over Germany- with many set on fire and left to burn.  Around 30,000 Jews were also arrested and sent to concentration camps like Dachau.
  8. 8.  The Final solution, decided at the Wannsee Conference in 1942 was believed to create an end to the Jews and other ‘undesirable’ races through mass murder.  Ghettos were used to isolated the Jews, make their life miserable and make the deportation of the Jews to concentration camps easier.  They were treated as animals, sent to camps in cattle trains. Many Jews died from starvation from just the horrendous journey there!  Guns were used at first to kill Jews at first, however it only killed very few and used too much time. By 1941 gas chambers were used instead; the poisonous chemicals caused instant death.
  9. 9. • In the final months of the war the SS authorities did not want prisoners alive in the hands of their enemies – they would definitely tell their stories to Allied and Soviet liberators! As a result : • Death walks took place in the hope the final prisoners would collapse to their death! • Finally on May 7, 1945 German armed forces surrendered unconditionally to the Allies • World War II officially ended on the next day, leaving Germany and the Nazis with many questions to answer.
  10. 10. In the end this volatile genocide meant:  7 million non-Jewish Soviet people were killed  2.8 million Soviet prisoners of war were killed  2.5 million non-Jewish Poles were killed  1.5 million non-Jewish Poles were sent to forced labour concentration camps  500,000 gypsies were killed  400,000 people were forcibly sterilised  250,000 disabled people were killed  15,000 homosexuals were sent to concentration camps  10,000 Jehovah’s Witnesses were sent to concentration camps  6 million Jews were killed