4 the holocaust


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4 the holocaust

  1. 1. The Holocaust<br />
  2. 2. Holocaust means complete destruction by fire. It is used to describe the period between 1933 and 1945.<br />Many consider Kristallnacht as the beginning of the Holocaust because it was the first planned, violent attack on the Jews. <br />After this Jews were sent to concentration camps. <br />Holocaust <br />
  3. 3. A ghetto is an area of a city that Jews are forced to live in. Living conditions were often very harsh. Many died because of disease, malnutrition, or starvation. <br />The idea of a ghetto was not a new idea. They had been used throughout history in many places. <br />“By time the Nazis came into power, the ghettos had gone, but the Nazis revived the idea.” Holocaust the Events and Impact….<br />Ghettos<br />
  4. 4. To carry out their orders, the Nazis set up Jewish councils. <br />In the Lodz Ghetto, the Jewish council , sensing they would not survive, decided to photograph ghetto life so that their story could one day be told. <br />Ghettos<br />
  5. 5. In many other ghettos, Jews felt the need to record their experience through diaries. <br />In the Warsaw ghetto, many Jews wrote diaries or their will. These were hid in milk churns and cans. <br />Ghettos <br />
  6. 6. They planned a uprising and right before they buried the milk churns and cans so the Nazis would not get to them. <br />The only leader of the revolt to survive HerszWasser. In 1946 he helped dig them out. <br />
  7. 7. A Concentration camp is a prison camp set up to house a large number of prisoners.<br />Concentration camps were first set up in 1933. <br />The prisoners were used for labor and medical experiments.<br />Although the main purpose of the camp was not to kill people, many people died due to brutality or disease. <br />Concentration Camps<br />
  8. 8. Early in the Holocaust victims were killed in small numbers and using several different methods.<br />Many “undesirables” would be forced to dig and stand next to it so that when they were shot, they fell into their grave.<br />Using bullets was too expensive so a more economical method was needed.<br />Death Camps<br />
  9. 9. Nazis also used mobile vans to kill “undesirables.” The vans were shut off in the back and exhaust fumes were pumped into them. The victims died in half an hour. <br />
  10. 10. The more countries Hitler took over, the more Jews he had to deal with. The previous methods were not efficient enough for him. He wanted a means to kill large numbers quickly. <br />On December 8, 1941, Chelmos, the first killing center became operational. <br />In 1942, fourteen high-ranking Nazis met toplan out or coordinate the “Final Solution” or the plan to exterminate Europe’s Jews. <br />Death Camps<br />
  11. 11. Most of the Death Camps were located in Poland.<br />The victims would be herded into “showers.” Gas would then be pumped into the showers. <br />When everyone was dead, other Jews were forced to remove the victims and take their bodies to the crematorium where they were burned. <br />Death Camps<br />
  12. 12. Genocide is the deliberate attempt to destroy a national, religious, racial, or ethnic group, in whole or in part. <br />Hitler’s plan to kill all Jews is a genocide. <br />Genocide<br />
  13. 13. Labor camps were set up specifically for holding prisoners for labor.<br />Transit camps were temporary. Prisoners were sent here until it was decided where they would be sent <br />Labor camps and transit camps<br />
  14. 14. Holocaust- total destruction by fire.<br />Concentration camps- camps meant to hold large numbers of prisoners.<br />Death camps – camps designed to kill large numbers of people.<br />Genocide is the deliberate attempt to destroy a national, religious, racial, or ethnic group, in whole or in part. <br />Final Solution- Hitler’s plan to kill all Jews.<br />Definitions<br />
  15. 15. A ghetto is an area of a city that Jews are forced to live in.<br />Wannsee conference – the meeting of high-ranking Nazis in which they planned the Final Solution. <br />definitions<br />