The Political Spectrum* * And the brief history of the last 2500 years
Ancient Greece & Rome Politics were born in Ancient Greece because the Greeks were the first to experiment with Freedom and new forms of government. "Polis" A political-religious community that comprises a city. SPARTA ATHENS Militaristic Oligarchy Mercantile Democracy Land Empire Sea Empire VS.
Persian Wars 500-448 BC Greek politics centered around forms of government ( Democracy vs. Oligarchy and Aristocracy) and a common hatred of Monarchy and Tyranny Greek Freedom Persian Empire
The Romans adopted many Greek ideas on government and added some of their own: "Civitas" Citizenship -which meant equality under the law, political rights and access to Roman courts. "Res Publica" Republic or “ A Public Thing” . Government is a legal institution conducted openly. The Roman Republic was Complex Tribes Assembly Senate Tribunes Consuls Censor Praetors
ROMAN POLITICS Patrician vs. Plebian Personal Rivalry Military Glory required Populares Optimates Gaius Julius Caesar Cato the Younger vs. Needed cash Public speaking Proscriptions Civil War and Death of the Republic
Middle-Ages Brought politics and citizenship to and end...
The Political Spectrum is Born French National Assembly Jacobins(radicals) Girondins (liberals) Constitutional Monarchists (moderates & conservatives) LEFT RIGHT
Edmund Burke “ The Terror” “ Good order is the foundation of all things.” “ Those who have been once intoxicated with power, and have derived any kind of emolument from it, even though but for one year, never can willingly abandon it. They may be distressed in the midst of all their power; but they will never look to anything but power for their relief.” Conservatism