Ultranationalism
• How does nationalism turn into
ultranationalism?
• What is one of the results of
ultranationalism (in r...
Crisis
• Remember WW1, why did Germany lose?

• For the Interwar period, why was Germany
facing tough times economically?
How do you turn
• This

• Into this
Why the Jewish People?
• They are God’s
chosen people
• They killed the
Christian deity
• They use the blood
of Christian ...
Why the Jewish People?
• Fabricated document
possibly by a Russian
Secret Police officer
claiming to be real
• Henry Ford ...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0V_xf3OQgM

The Eternal Jew
"His is no master people; he is an
exploiter: the Jews are a p...
Ultranationalism: The fear of the
other
• Why would ultranationalism breed
hate/racism?
• How could you turn an entire gro...
Step 1: Blame
• Reason Germany
lost WW1
• Were behind the
Treaty of Versailles
• They profited off of
the Great
Depression
Step 2: Vilify
• They are profiting
from World War 2
• They are working
with the enemy
• They will cause
Germany to lose
W...
Step 3: Dehumanization
• Racial theories
combine with
Darwin (Social
Darwinism)
• Called “vermin”,
“rats”, “subhuman”,
“je...
Step 4: Isolation
Various regulations restricting professions and
business ownership.
Nuremberg Laws:
• Marriages and sex ...
Step 4: Isolation
Nuremberg Laws:
• The only way to deal with the problem which remains open is
that of legislative action...
The Ghettos
• Isolation becomes physical:
– A holding place until Jewish people are
deported of out Europe
– Run by Jewish...
Life in the Ghetto
Warsaw was the
largest in Europe:
380,000 people

Though the Warsaw Ghetto
contained 30% of the populat...
Life in the Ghetto
Life in the Ghetto
Between 1940 and 1942, starvation and
disease, especially typhoid, killed hundreds
of thousands. Over 4...
Deportation
Concentration Camps
Concentration Camps
• Used as early as 1933 to eliminate Nazi
political opponents
• By 1938 they expand into forced labour...
Conditions in the Camps
• Causes of death include
mistreatment, disease, starvation, overwork
and execution (if they are c...
Over the course of
WWII there were
approximately 2000
camps established
in Poland
Treblinka

The putrid odor of decaying human remains could be smelled up to 10 kilometres
(6.2Almost a million the nearby ...
Auschwitz
• Auschwitz is the most well-known
concentration camp of the war because of
its size and because it was the site...
Estimated Number of People
Murdered at Auschwitz……
1,100,000
9,000,000 Jewish people lived in Europe at
the start of WW2
Approximately 6,000,000 were killed in the
Holocaust
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6.5 the holocaust

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Ultranationalism and the Holocaust

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6.5 the holocaust

  1. 1. Ultranationalism • How does nationalism turn into ultranationalism? • What is one of the results of ultranationalism (in relation to other groups)? • Japan: A Case Study
  2. 2. Crisis • Remember WW1, why did Germany lose? • For the Interwar period, why was Germany facing tough times economically?
  3. 3. How do you turn • This • Into this
  4. 4. Why the Jewish People? • They are God’s chosen people • They killed the Christian deity • They use the blood of Christian and Muslims in their Passover bread.
  5. 5. Why the Jewish People? • Fabricated document possibly by a Russian Secret Police officer claiming to be real • Henry Ford believed in its contents, printing 500K copies • Proven definitively fake (and copied) in 1921 • it is still distributed and believed by people today (a site that purports it as true is the 2nd Google result) To what extent the whole existence of this people is based on a continuous lie is shown incomparably by the Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion, so infinitely hated by the Jews. They are based on a forgery, the Frankfurter Zeitung moans and screams once every week: the best proof that they are authentic. [...] the important thing is that with positively terrifying certainty they reveal the nature and activity of the Jewish people and expose their inner contexts as well as their ultimate final aims.
  6. 6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0V_xf3OQgM The Eternal Jew "His is no master people; he is an exploiter: the Jews are a people of robbers. He has never founded any civilisation, though he has destroyed civilisations by the hundred...everything he has stolen. Foreign people, foreign workmen build him his temples, it is foreigners who create and work for him, it is foreigners who shed their blood for him." http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=pla yer_embedded&v=yNk_osZWScw
  7. 7. Ultranationalism: The fear of the other • Why would ultranationalism breed hate/racism? • How could you turn an entire group of people into racists?
  8. 8. Step 1: Blame • Reason Germany lost WW1 • Were behind the Treaty of Versailles • They profited off of the Great Depression
  9. 9. Step 2: Vilify • They are profiting from World War 2 • They are working with the enemy • They will cause Germany to lose WW2
  10. 10. Step 3: Dehumanization • Racial theories combine with Darwin (Social Darwinism) • Called “vermin”, “rats”, “subhuman”, “jewpig”, “jewsow”
  11. 11. Step 4: Isolation Various regulations restricting professions and business ownership. Nuremberg Laws: • Marriages and sex between Jews and “citizens” outlawed • Jews are forbidden to display national symbols • Punished with hard labour or imprisonment Later, Jewish people were barred from all schools, universities, cinemas, theatres and sports facilities.
  12. 12. Step 4: Isolation Nuremberg Laws: • The only way to deal with the problem which remains open is that of legislative action. The German Government is in this controlled by the thought that through a single secular solution it may be possible still to create a level ground on which the German people may find a tolerable relation towards the Jewish people. Should this hope not be fulfilled and the Jewish agitation both within Germany and in the international sphere should continue, then the position must be examined afresh. • The third [law] is an attempt to regulate by law [the Jewish] problem, which, should this attempt fail, must then be handed over by law to the National-Socialist Party for a final solution.
  13. 13. The Ghettos • Isolation becomes physical: – A holding place until Jewish people are deported of out Europe – Run by Jewish Councils, the Germans mandated that they: • Confiscate goods • Organize forced labour groups • Facilitate deportations to extermination camps
  14. 14. Life in the Ghetto Warsaw was the largest in Europe: 380,000 people Though the Warsaw Ghetto contained 30% of the population of the Polish capital, it occupied only 2.4% of the city's area, averaging 9.2 people per room
  15. 15. Life in the Ghetto
  16. 16. Life in the Ghetto Between 1940 and 1942, starvation and disease, especially typhoid, killed hundreds of thousands. Over 43,000 residents of the Warsaw ghetto died there in 1941 more than one in ten; in Theresienstadt, more than half the residents died in 1942 The Germans came, the police, and they started banging houses: "Raus, raus, raus, Juden raus." ... [O]ne baby started to cry ... The other baby started crying. So the mother urinated in her hand and gave the baby a drink to keep quiet ... [When the police had gone], I told the mothers to come out. And one baby was dead ... from fear, the mother [had] choked her own baby.
  17. 17. Deportation
  18. 18. Concentration Camps
  19. 19. Concentration Camps • Used as early as 1933 to eliminate Nazi political opponents • By 1938 they expand into forced labour camps for the elderly, mentally ill and handicapped • Two largest groups of prisoners during WWII are Jews and Soviet POWs
  20. 20. Conditions in the Camps • Causes of death include mistreatment, disease, starvation, overwork and execution (if they are considered unfit for labour) • Prisoners used for medical experiments • Gas chambers used at death camps, as well as shooting, starvation and torture
  21. 21. Over the course of WWII there were approximately 2000 camps established in Poland
  22. 22. Treblinka The putrid odor of decaying human remains could be smelled up to 10 kilometres (6.2Almost a million the nearby village of Treblinka. It was evidentmonths. The miles) away at people were executed over the course of 15 that large-scale killings were happening nearby,end of the war and a farmhouse built on it On camp was dismantled at the which caused panic among the villagers. in an incoming Holocaust attempt to hide the evidencethe genocide trains to Treblinka, many of of soon-to-be-murdered Jews locked inside correctly guessed what would happen to them based on the stench
  23. 23. Auschwitz • Auschwitz is the most well-known concentration camp of the war because of its size and because it was the site for the biggest mass murder in human history
  24. 24. Estimated Number of People Murdered at Auschwitz……
  25. 25. 1,100,000
  26. 26. 9,000,000 Jewish people lived in Europe at the start of WW2 Approximately 6,000,000 were killed in the Holocaust

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