MN ARLD Day 2012

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Keynote address given at the Minnesota Library Association's Academic and Research Division (ARLD) Day, April 27, 2012.

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MN ARLD Day 2012

  1. 1. TRANSLITERACY: Constructing Knowledge and NetworksARLD DayApril 27, 2012Minn. Library Assoc. http://www.flickr.com/photos/davidclow/2456360108/
  2. 2. Where I’m coming from
  3. 3. Why I’m here http://www.flickr.com/photos/scolirk/5920957686/
  4. 4. First,a question http://www.flickr.com/photos/21496790@N06/5065834411/
  5. 5. What is the most terrifying thing about working in an academic library? http://www.flickr.com/photos/theloushe/4386211866/
  6. 6. Finals week? http://www.flickr.com/photos/teamtiredfeet/6041587969/
  7. 7. Committee work?http://www.flickr.com/photos/clagnut/252185030/
  8. 8. Printer jams?Nope… http://www.flickr.com/photos/miskan/3313324/
  9. 9. Graduation http://www.flickr.com/photos/carbonnyc/143186839/
  10. 10. Educational Attainment and Library Usage1210 8 6 10.1 9.79 8.79 4 7.74 5.2 2 3.24 1.29 0 9th Grade High School Some college Bachelors Masters Professional Doctoral Diploma Degree Degree School Degree Degree Sin, S.-C. J., & Kim, K.-S. (2008). Use and non-use of public libraries in the information age: A logistic regression analysis of household characteristics and library service variables. Library & Information Science Research, 30(3), 207-215.
  11. 11. Library Usage by Age Group2.5 Attending school Not attending school 21.5 1 2.11 1.55 1.270.5 0.88 0.95 0.9 0.97 0.94 0.88 0.68 0 6-13 14-17 18-20 21-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 >80 Sin, S.-C. J., & Kim, K.-S. (2008). Use and non-use of public libraries in the information age: A logistic regression analysis of household characteristics and library service variables. Library & Information Science Research, 30(3), 207-215.
  12. 12. An existential crisis… http://www.flickr.com/photos/celesterc/1302838239/
  13. 13. Are we just handmaids to annotated bibliographies?http://www.flickr.com/photos/canonsnapper/171439809/
  14. 14. What do we do that will last?http://www.flickr.com/photos/steffanyf/4190646747/
  15. 15. Even the day-to-dayis in flux. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ventriloblog/144041118/
  16. 16. It all comes down topreparing for change http://www.flickr.com/photos/atbartlett/2432704579/
  17. 17. It all comes down to adaptation http://www.flickr.com/photos/deapeajay/2969264395/
  18. 18. We need to think beyond our gateshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/arenamontanus/5503405700/
  19. 19. What do we impart that will outlasthttp://www.flickr.com/photos/rilindh/6243990270/ change?
  20. 20. We need to build bridgesto a life outside the library
  21. 21. Transliteracyhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/ionushi/229284156/
  22. 22. Transliteracy is the ability to read, write, and interact across a range of tools, platforms, and media.http://www.flickr.com/photos/gomattolson/4499988373/
  23. 23. A brief historyof transliteracyhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/davidclow/2456360108/
  24. 24. 2005 The Transliteracies Project “Text has historically existed as a negotiation betweenmedia, including oral, written,print, visual, and… electronic media.” (Liu 2006) http://www.flickr.com/photos/networkcultures/57391
  25. 25. 2005 The Transliteracies Project Studying “the zone of negotiation…by which the older dialogue among print, writing, orality, and audiovisual media…entersinto new relations with digital media.” (Liu 2006)
  26. 26. 2007 PART: Production and Research in TransliteracyThe ability to read, write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media. (Thomas, et al., 2007) http://www.flickr.com/photos/mak61/4647008124/
  27. 27. 2007 PART: Production and Research in Transliteracy “Transliteracy is an umbrellaterm encompassing different literacies and multiple communication channels.” (Andretta 2009)
  28. 28. 2010 Libraries and Transliteracy “Transliteracy began as a descriptive concept,designed to understand how people navigate their way across various media.” (Newman 2011) http://www.flickr.com/photos/mlibrarianus/4521632001/
  29. 29. 2010 Libraries and Transliteracy “[It is] understanding the ways various means of communication interact and understanding…the skills necessary to moveeffortlessly from one medium to another.” (Ipri 2010)
  30. 30. What do all of these approaches have in common? http://www.flickr.com/photos/sridhanush/4135873153
  31. 31. 1. Multiple mediahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/grandgrrl/5240360344/
  32. 32. 2. Communicationhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/st3f4n/4012030328/
  33. 33. 3. Interaction
  34. 34. Transliteracy is the ability to communicate meaning between mediahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/nicholasro/4933559660/
  35. 35. Why is transliteracy relevant to librarians?http://www.flickr.com/photos/59538180@N07/5598585611/
  36. 36. Libraries have alwayshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/lesterpubliclibrary/ promoted literacy
  37. 37. Literacy has always been mediated by information technologyhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/digital_rebel_xt/72224228/
  38. 38. So, technologyinfluences how we can and should promote literacy
  39. 39. But, a multiplicity of technologiescan be a logistical nightmare
  40. 40. Early literacy http://www.flickr.com/photos/thomaslife/4508639159/
  41. 41. Web literacy
  42. 42. New linguistic competencieshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/misspixels/5785978957/
  43. 43. Transliteracy helps us promote literacy across technologicalhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/digital_rebel_xt/72224228/ barriers
  44. 44. Transliteracy in more detail http://www.flickr.com/photos/gomattolson/5518638853/
  45. 45. Foundations of transliteracy 1. Multiple Mediahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/samantonio/6399080897/
  46. 46. Once upon a time… …literacy was simple.http://www.flickr.com/photos/george_eastman_house/3122869849/
  47. 47. http://www.flickr.com/photos/superbomba/2230681898Then, something changed…
  48. 48. We invented new tools to communicate
  49. 49. http://www.flickr.com/photos/transkamp/54371294 We found new places to communicate
  50. 50. We found new time to communicatehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/stephangeyer/3501272881/
  51. 51. We’ve always had choiceshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/julia_manzerova/2757851927/
  52. 52. Just never quite so many http://www.flickr.com/photos/12905355@N05/6834016045/
  53. 53. The days of “one medium” research are overhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/zanzo/349901563/
  54. 54. Yet we oftentend to focus onthe resourcesthat we know
  55. 55. To distinguishourselves fromthe web we put up defensive walls
  56. 56. Students will usenon-library resourceshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/87913776@N00/5129607997/
  57. 57. Where do they get their information?Head, A. J. & Eisenberg, M. B. (2011). How college students use the Web to conduct everyday life research. First Monday, 16(4). Online.
  58. 58. They’re runningright into thewalls we’ve beenbuildinghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/ortizmj12/2366706532/
  59. 59. Get comfortable with non-library resourcesJust be careful… http://www.flickr.com/photos/jblyberg/3394121594/
  60. 60. economic social orality financial statistical economic meta web healthnew media information literacy cultural print digital critical visual computer scientific historical electracy post- visual financial numeracy
  61. 61. There’s got to bea better way
  62. 62. Foundations of transliteracy 1. Multiple Media 2. Communicationhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/samantonio/6399080897/
  63. 63. http://www.flickr.com/photos/verbeeldingskr8/3638834128/
  64. 64. The birth of the web made it necessary forlibrarians to shift more towards teaching searchstrategies and evaluation of sources. The tool-focused “bibliographic instruction” approach waslater replaced by the skill-focused “informationliteracy” approach. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ricin/522589066Meredith FarkasAmerican Libraries Magazine11/01/2011http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/columns/practice/information-literacy-20
  65. 65. The end of the “tool-focused approach”
  66. 66. But, information isn’t just evaluatedhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/harvardavenue/773700408/
  67. 67. Information is used http://www.flickr.com/photos/stephangeyer/3494488505/
  68. 68. Information iscommunicatedhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/miuenski/5887393036/
  69. 69. But doesn’t informationhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/barneymoss/6372144917/ literacy cover that?
  70. 70. Transliteracy and information literacy Print Scientific Orality Health Signing Economic Visual Cultural Computer Critical Digital Media
  71. 71. We can be literate without being able to evaluatehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/chiotsrun/3945682459/
  72. 72. We can be information literate withoutbeing tech-savvy
  73. 73. Transliteracy and information literacy Print Scientific Orality Health Signing Economic Visual Cultural Computer Critical Digital MediaCommunication Evaluation
  74. 74. Transliteracy and information literacy Print Scientific Orality Health Signing Economic Visual Cultural Computer Critical Digital Media Transliteracy Information Literacy
  75. 75. What good is evaluating information if you can’t get to it?http://www.flickr.com/photos/superciliousness/314764905/
  76. 76. What good is information if you can’t communicate it?http://www.flickr.com/photos/irisslootheer/4348994132/
  77. 77. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jstar/345712329/ We’ve done a great job with evaluation
  78. 78. Transliteracy brings our attention back to communicationhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/eyewash/3575612360/
  79. 79. Foundations of transliteracy 1. Multiple Media 2. Communication 3. Interactionhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/samantonio/6399080897/
  80. 80. Transliteracy is also How do these literacies and about asking: technologies interact?http://www.flickr.com/photos/7871566@N04/2478485740/
  81. 81. How do librarians usually handle integration and interaction?http://www.flickr.com/photos/shellysblogger/2130085604/
  82. 82. Librarians lovehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/franklinheijnen/5089819498/ compartments
  83. 83. But patrons don’t
  84. 84. Our “versus” mentality doesn’t cut it anymorehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/atlnav/369536486/
  85. 85. Popular vs. Scholarly
  86. 86. Wikipedia vs. peer-review
  87. 87. Scholarly publishers vs. open accesshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/biblioteekje/6325328112/
  88. 88. Google vs.the library
  89. 89. http://www.flickr.com/photos/twob/8741933/Transliteracy is about avoiding silos
  90. 90. The question posed by transliteracy is: “Are we encouraging skills that transfer?”http://www.flickr.com/photos/en321/322710700/
  91. 91. Transfer of learning The ability to transfer cognitive skills learned in one domainwww.flickr.com/photos/chaparral/2737992503/ to a new domain
  92. 92. Get rid of the “click here” mentalityhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/rufo_83/206707421/
  93. 93. Encourage skills that will adjust
  94. 94. http://www.flickr.com/photos/darwinbell/5827849044/ Start from patrons’ existing mental models of libraries (Holman 2011)
  95. 95. And teach the analogy1) Candidate inferences2) Schema abstraction3) Re-representation (Gentner & Colhoun 2010)
  96. 96. Begin with what they know
  97. 97. Encourage inference through analogyhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/automania/126698126/
  98. 98. Show how it works, not just how to use ithttp://www.flickr.com/photos/distinctlyaskew/396655424/
  99. 99. Give ample time for free play
  100. 100. Reinforce that the library is a node in the network
  101. 101. Caveat: It’s not just digitalhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/juska/2168547359/
  102. 102. Transliteracy isnot about themediahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/jblyberg/4506047012/
  103. 103. Transliteracy isaboutthe networkhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/pascalcharest/308357541/
  104. 104. So, where do libraries fit in the network?http://www.flickr.com/photos/katerha/5318405382/
  105. 105. Libraries and transliteracy: Making the connectionhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/jadammel/6232852998/
  106. 106. Librarians encourage transliteracy byadopting programming and teaching strategies that promote skill transfer across media
  107. 107. Libraries are filled with amazing information services.www.flickr.com/photos/donkerdink/1324433035/
  108. 108. How do we keep patrons from beingoverwhelmed?http://www.flickr.com/photos/riekhavoc/4975764806/
  109. 109. We can teach the skills needed to use ourservices.
  110. 110. We can adjust our services to meet our patrons’ skills. Or both http://www.flickr.com/photos/shanghaidaddy/4444781040/
  111. 111. Transliteracy is about showing how the library fits in
  112. 112. Moving forwardhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/ryandesiderio/2346522953
  113. 113. Promoting impact Library instructionInventing spaces Google DocsRemix revolutions Roving referenceChat reference Legal literacyEquity and diversity Pop cultureData and student success Youth outreachLinked dataCloud collaborationLeadership Today’s specialhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/sridhanush/3784559599/
  114. 114. It’s all about bridging the gapshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/sridhanush/4108645910/
  115. 115. We all have to deal with multiplemedia
  116. 116. We all have to deal withcommunication
  117. 117. We have to deal withhow it all fits togetherhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/matthileo/5448890398/
  118. 118. Transliteracy is the ability to read, write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and mediahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/smcgee/2504469684/
  119. 119. It’s about communicating meaning across mediahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/smcgee/2504469684/
  120. 120. Thank you senseandreference.wordpress.comlibrariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com
  121. 121. ReferencesAndretta, S. (2009). Transliteracy: Take a walk on the wild side. In World Library and Information Congress: 75 th IFLA Genreal Conference and Assembly, Milan, Italy: 23-27. http://eprints.rclis.org/handle/10760/14868Farkas, M. (2011). Information literacy 2.0. American Libraries [Blog post]. November 1, 2011. Available at: http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/columns/practice/information-literacy-20Gentner, D. & Colhoun, J. (2010). Analogical processes in human thinking and learning. In Glatzeder, B., Goel, V., and von Muller, A. (2010). Towards a Theory of Thinking. Heidelburg: Springer. 35-48.Head, A. J. & Eisenberg, M. B. (2011). How college students use the Web to conduct everyday life research. First Monday, 16(4). Online.Holman, L. (2011). Millennial students’ mental models of search: implications for academic librarians and database developers. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 37 (1): 19-27.Ipri, T. (2010) Introducing Transliteracy. College & Research Libraries News, 71 (10), 532-567Liu, A. (2006). Definition of Online Reading. http://transliteracies.english.ucsb.edu/category/research-project/definition-of- online-readingNewman, B. (2011). Beginner’s guide to transliteracy. Available online at http://librariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com/beginner’s-guide-to-transliteracy/Sin, S.-C. J., & Kim, K.-S. (2008). Use and non-use of public libraries in the information age: A logistic regression analysis of household characteristics and library service variables. Library & Information Science Research, 30 (3), 207-215.Thomas, S., et al. (2007) Transliteracy: crossing divides. First Monday, 12(12). Online. http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2060/1908

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