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HUMAN
RIGHTS
What are human rights?
Human rights are based on the principle of respect
towards the individual.
Their fundamental premise is that every
person is a moral and rational being who
deserves to be treated with dignity. I am
called human rights because they are universal.
Human rights are the rights that belong
to each person simply because they are
alive, regardless of who or where
Viva.
Human Rights Principles
Human rights are universal and inalienable;
indivisible; interdependent and interrelated.
They are universal because everyone is born
with and possesses the same rights, regardless
of where they live, their gender or race, or
their religious, cultural or ethnic background.
• Inalienable because people’s rights can never
be taken away.
• Indivisible and interdependent because all
rights – political, civil, social, cultural and
economic – are equal in importance and
none can be fully enjoyed without the
others.
Human Rights Principles​
Equal and Non-discriminating: because all individuals are
equal as human beings and by virtue of the inherent
dignity of each human person.
Participating and Inclusive: because all people have the
right to participate in and access information relating to the
decision-making processes that affect their lives and well-
being.
Accountable and Rule of Law: because States are
answerable for the observance of human rights. They have
to comply with the legal norms and standards enshrined in
international human rights instruments.
TYPES
OF
HUMAN
RIGHTS
We are All Born Free and Equal
No Discriminate
The Right to Life
No Slavery
No Torture
You Have Rights Everywhere You Go
We are all equal before the law
Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law
No Unjust Detention
The Right to a Trial
We are Always Innocent Until Proven Guilty
The Right to Privacy
Freedom of Movement
The Right to Search for a Safe Place to Live
Right to Nationality.
The Universal Declaration
of Human Rights
• The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
(UDHR), adopted by the UN General Assembly
in 1948, was the first legal document to set out
the fundamental human rights to be universally
protected. The UDHR continues to be the
foundation of all international human rights
law. Its 30 articles provide the principles and
building blocks of current and future human
rights conventions, treaties and other legal
instruments.The UDHR, together with the 2
covenants - the International Covenant for Civil
and Political Rights, and the International
Covenant for Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights - make up the International Bill of Rights.
Obligations of
the States
All States have ratified at least 1 of the 9 core
human rights treaties, as well as 1 of the 9
optional protocols. 80% of States have ratified
4 or more. This means that States have
obligations and duties under international law
to respect, protect and fulfill human
rights.The obligation to respect means that
States must refrain from interfering with or
curtailing the enjoyment of human rights; to
protect requires States to protect individuals
and groups against human rights abuses; to
fulfill means that States must take positive
action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic
human rights.
THE END
MBAYE ASTOU 3C

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Mbaye_Astou.Education Civica_Human Rights.pptx

  • 2. What are human rights? Human rights are based on the principle of respect towards the individual. Their fundamental premise is that every person is a moral and rational being who deserves to be treated with dignity. I am called human rights because they are universal. Human rights are the rights that belong to each person simply because they are alive, regardless of who or where Viva.
  • 3. Human Rights Principles Human rights are universal and inalienable; indivisible; interdependent and interrelated. They are universal because everyone is born with and possesses the same rights, regardless of where they live, their gender or race, or their religious, cultural or ethnic background. • Inalienable because people’s rights can never be taken away. • Indivisible and interdependent because all rights – political, civil, social, cultural and economic – are equal in importance and none can be fully enjoyed without the others.
  • 4. Human Rights Principles​ Equal and Non-discriminating: because all individuals are equal as human beings and by virtue of the inherent dignity of each human person. Participating and Inclusive: because all people have the right to participate in and access information relating to the decision-making processes that affect their lives and well- being. Accountable and Rule of Law: because States are answerable for the observance of human rights. They have to comply with the legal norms and standards enshrined in international human rights instruments.
  • 5. TYPES OF HUMAN RIGHTS We are All Born Free and Equal No Discriminate The Right to Life No Slavery No Torture You Have Rights Everywhere You Go We are all equal before the law Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law No Unjust Detention The Right to a Trial We are Always Innocent Until Proven Guilty The Right to Privacy Freedom of Movement The Right to Search for a Safe Place to Live Right to Nationality.
  • 6. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948, was the first legal document to set out the fundamental human rights to be universally protected. The UDHR continues to be the foundation of all international human rights law. Its 30 articles provide the principles and building blocks of current and future human rights conventions, treaties and other legal instruments.The UDHR, together with the 2 covenants - the International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights - make up the International Bill of Rights.
  • 7. Obligations of the States All States have ratified at least 1 of the 9 core human rights treaties, as well as 1 of the 9 optional protocols. 80% of States have ratified 4 or more. This means that States have obligations and duties under international law to respect, protect and fulfill human rights.The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with or curtailing the enjoyment of human rights; to protect requires States to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses; to fulfill means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights.