P.A.A.V.E. Presentation Jean Nidetch Women’s Center
Jean Nidetch Women’s CenterWe provide:• Workshops and presentations• Events on campus• Advocacy for violence prevention and breast cancer awareness• Academic involvement
Peers Advocating for Anti-Violence Education Formerly known as SAFE Team, began in 2002 Completed 18-hour training on domestic violence and sexual assault
Rape Culture and Media Analysis Sexual Assault Domestic Violence
Definitions Rape Culture: The culture of media that we live in that, in certain ways, conditions us to condone rape…to operate under certain unhealthy and potentially dangerous ideals about sex and sexual assault. Media Literacy: The ability to access, analyze, evaluate (think clearly), and create media in all forms (print, TV, movies, internet, etc.). Sexual Assault: Forcing a person to participate in unwanted sexual activity using violence or threats. Domestic Violence: is one person’s choice to use power to systematically take control of another person’s life including: emotional insults, economic deprivation, threats, coercion, & physical and sexual violence.
Why is analyzing the media important? Media messages affect our thoughts and actions Media convey ideological and value messages Media messages reflect the values and viewpoints of media makers Most media are controlled by commercial interests
Violence and media connection How is this an example of rape culture? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8eIM8V7tR1c&feature=related
Conclusion Analyzing the media with consideration to gender is crucial to understanding the larger context in which violence operates.
Statistics Only about 42% of rapes/sexual assaults were reported to law enforcement in 2007 1 out of 6 American women have been the victims of an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime About 3% of American men- a total of 2.78 million men – have experienced an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime 98% of males who raped boys were heterosexual 70% of female rape victims and 74% of male victims knew their assailant 90% of college women of rape and sexual assault knew their attacker prior to the assault
Nevada Revised Statutes: Sexual Assault “A person who subject another person to sexual penetration, or who forces another person to make a sexual penetration on himself or another, against the victim’s will or under conditions in which the perpetrator knows or should know that the victim is mentally or physically incapable of resisting or understanding the nature of his conduct, is guilty of sexual assault”
Definitions Sexual assault is a broader category that the Justice Department uses to classify rape, attempted rape and other violent felonies that fall short of rape. Consent? Mentally Unable? Physically Unable?
How do I get consent? Hypothetical situations… “What if we…” “How would you feel if we…” “What do you think about…” I statements… Coercion is NOT consent
What is consent? Both parties are fully conscious. Both parties have equal ability to act. Both parties are positive and sincere in their desires. Both parties have clearly communicated their intent.Why don’t people get consent? Fear of Rejection May hear partner is a survivor May not know how
Many different forms of violence in a relationship Often are dismissed as “isolated” or “random” acts of anger Media images contribute to a social complicity of violence and often portrays signs of violence in relationships as signals of “passion” or “lust” Signs of abuse overlap and escalate
Has the abuser… Called you stupid or insulted your intelligence? Criticized your appearance? Told you that you could never leave him/her? Told you that you could be easily replaced? Said that no one else would want you?
Has the abuser… Ridiculed or insulted your gender as a group? Ridiculed your beliefs, morals, race, religion or heritage? Humiliated you in public OR private? Insulted or driven away your friends or family? Manipulated you with lies or contradictions? Threatened to hurt themselves if you left?
Has the abuser… Held or restrained you to keep you from leaving? Slapped or pushed you? Locked you out of the house? Refused to help you when you were sick, injured or pregnant? Forced or aggressively pressured you to consume alcohol or drugs?
Has the abuser… Forced you to strip when you didn’t want to? Been jealous or angry, assuming you have had sex with someone else? Criticized you sexually? Forced you into unwanted sex? Withheld sex and affection? Insisted on uncomfortable or unwanted touching?
Has the abuser… Taken credit cards/checks/money away as a form of punishment? Forced you to hand over money or your paychecks? Refused to tell you about bills? Are they the only one “allowed” to work? Taken your name off crucial documents (insurance, leases) to prevent your access to them? Drained your bank account?
Can be short or long term Cutting/ self-mutilation Eating disorders Depression Alcohol and substance abuse Re-entrance into a violent relationship Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Academic Career
Abuse in relationships is any pattern of behavior that is used to coerce, dominate or isolate the other partner to gain control Abuse knows no boundary concerning race, class, gender, sexual orientation etc. Remember, violence may take a different form in different communities but that does not make one form more important than another
Similarities 1. Abuse is always the responsibility of the abuser. It is their choice. 2. Victims are often blamed for the abuse by their partner. 3. It is difficult for victims to leave their relationship. 4. Victims often feel responsible for their abuse. 5. Abuse escalates over time. 6. The abuser is often apologetic after abusing, giving false hope that the abuse will stop.
Differences 1. There are limited resources available for abused and abusive LGBTQ people. 2. Homophobia in society denies the reality of some same sex relationships, including their very existence, let alone abuse. 3. Shelters for women may not be sensitive to a victim of same sex assault. 4. Gay/Bi/Trans men have even fewer options for help. 5. Reporting may result in a feeling or experience of being excluded from the LGBTQ community.
The Role of Alcohol Alcohol is the most common drug used to facilitate sexual assaults- particularly among college students. As opposed to other drugs (such as GHB and Rohypnol) that are often given to victims without their knowledge, alcohol is often consumed consensually. Perpetrators often take advantage of victims who are already intoxicated, or purposefully get a target drunk in order to facilitate a sexual assault. These perpetrators most often have had much less to drink than the victim and in some cases have not consumed alcohol at all.
MYTHS FACTS 1. Battering occurs more 1. Violence occurs in all frequently in certain ethnic racial and ethnic or socioeconomic groups groups and in all class 2. Violence is caused by levels of society substance abuse 2. Substances can trigger 3. Women who stay in violent violence but batterers situations are not good are violent even when mothers sober 3. Many mothers choose to stay because there’s no where else to go and often, to protect children
FACTS MYTHS 1. 25-50% of all women 1. Violence only affects a small part of the are abused. Battering population deaths are more common than cancer and car accidents 4. Fights in relationships combined are normal and 2. Disagreements occur natural but “heated” arguments must be analyzed for signs of violence
Myths Facts 6. Sexual assault is a crime of6. Sexual assault is a crime violence. Assailants seek to of passion and lust. dominate, humiliate and punish their victims. “Rape is primarily an act of violence with sex as the weapon” (Burgess &Holmstrom).
Facts Myths 7. Many convicted sexual7. Persons who dress assailants are unable to or act in a "sexy" remember what their way are asking to be victims looked like or sexually assaulted. were wearing. Nothing a person does or does not do causes a brutal crime like sexual assault.
Safe House (Domestic Violence Support) 702.451.4203 Abuse Crisis Center / DV Hotline 702.646.4981 Rape Crisis Center 366-1640 More information available at: The Jean Nidetch Women’s Center, UNLV SSC A, 255 – 702.895.4475
Violence and Immigrant WomenThe two most common forms of abuse experienced by immigrantwomen are intimate partner violence and exploitative work conditions. •Domestic violence and sexual assault commonly occur in the home, at immigrant detention centers, and on the job. •Exploitative work conditions include, but are not limited to: •poor wages •unlimited work hours with no rest days and limited breaks •lack of health benefits •isolation from the outside world •substandard physical environments.Immigrant women might also experience sexual, physical, emotional, orpsychological abuse at the hands of their employers. www.ncrwbigfive.org
EMOTIONAL ABUSE Lying about her immigration status. Telling her family lies about her. Calling her racist names. Belittling and embarrassing her in front of family and friends. Causing her to lose face. Telling her that he has abandoned her culture and become "white," or "American." Preventing her from visiting sick or dying relatives. Lying about his ability to have the immigration status of his lawful permanent resident abuse victims changed.
ECONOMIC ABUSE Forcing her to work "illegally" when she does not have a work permit. Threatening to report her to INS if she works "under the table.“ Not letting her get job training or schooling. Taking the money her family back home were depending upon her to send them. Forcing her to sign papers in English that she does not understand -- court papers, IRS forms, immigration papers. Harassing her at the only job she can work at legally in the U.S., so that she loses that job and is forced to work "illegally."
SEXUAL ABUSE Calling her a prostitute or a "mail order bride." Accusing her of trying to attract other men when she puts on make-up to go to work. Accusing her of sleeping with other men. Alleging that she has a history of prostitution on legal papers. Telling her that "as a matter of law" in the United States that she must continue to have sex with him whenever he wants until they are divorced.
USING COERCION ANDTHREATS Threatening to report her to the INS and get her deported. Threatening that he will not file immigration papers to legalize her immigration status. Threatening to withdraw the petition he filed to legalize her immigration status. Telling her that he will harm someone in her family. Telling her that he will have someone harm her family members Threatening to harm or harass her employer or co-workers.
USING CHILDREN Threatening to remove her children from the United States. Threatening to report her children to the INS. Taking the money she was to send to support her children in her home country. Telling her he will have her deported and he will keep the children with him in the U.S. Convincing her that if she seeks help from the courts or the police the U.S. legal system will give him custody of the children. In many countries men are given legal control over the children and he convinces her that the same thing will occur here.
USING CITIZENSHIP ORRESIDENCY PRIVILEGE Failing to file papers to legalize her immigration status. Withdrawing or threatening to withdraw immigration papers filed for her residency. Controlling her ability to work. Using the fact of her undocumented immigration status to keep her from reporting abuse or leaving with the children. Telling her that the police will arrest her for being undocumented if she calls the police for help because of the abuse.
INTIMIDATION Hiding or destroying important papers (i.e. her passport, her childrens passports, ID cards, health care cards, etc.) Destroying the only property that she brought with her from her home country. Destroying photographs of her family members. Threatening persons who serve as a source of support for her. Threatening to do or say something that will shame her family or cause them to lose face. Threatening to divulge family secrets.