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Tribal sart ppt

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Tribal sart ppt

  1. 1. Working Within Tribal Communitie s Victoria Ybanez Red Wind Consulting, Inc.
  2. 2. Pre-colonization Traditional Beliefs • Indigenous women were once held as sacred life givers and connected to all living things • Indigenous women had roles as leaders in their tribes, participated and often made decisions of importance for their tribe. • Native women were acknowledged as a critical part of the community, the long term survival and existence of the tribe depended on them. Victoria L. Ybanez, Indigenous Women’s Leadership: Our Inherent Right. Colorado Springs, Colorado. 2012.
  3. 3. Maze of Injustice Amnesty International Report “Violence against Indian women occurs as a gauntlet in the lives of Indian women: at one end verbal abuse and at the other murder. Most Indian women do not report such crimes because of the belief that nothing will be done.” Juana Majel, National Congress of American Indians, and Karen Artichoker, Cangleska, Inc.-Sacred Circle “Most women who are beaten or raped don’t report to the police. They just shower and go to the clinic [for treatment].” Native American survivor of sexual violence (identity withheld), February 2006
  4. 4. Sexual Assault in Tribal Communities • Native American women are raped at a rate more than double the rapes reported by all races. • The rate of violent crime experienced by Native American women is nearly 50% higher than that reported by black males aged 12 and over. • 1 in 3 American/Alaska Native women will be raped in their lifetime. • 1 out of every 33 American men has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in his lifetime. 2 About 10% of all victims are male. Steven W. Perry, U.S. Dep't of Just., NCJ 203097, A Bureau of Justice Statistics Statistical Profile, 1992-2002: American Indians and Crime (2004). Lawrence A. Greenfeld & Steven K. Smith, U.S. Dep't of Just., NCJ 173386, A Bureau of Justice Statistics Statistical Profile, 1992-1996: American Indians and Crime (1999) Ronet Bachman, Heather Zaykowski, Rachel Kallmyer, Margarita Poteyeva, & Christina Lanier, U.S. Dep’t of Just. Grants 223691, Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and the Criminal Response: What is Known (August, 2008). U.S. Department of Justice: National Institute of Justice. Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women. 2000.
  5. 5. Sexual Assault in Tribal Communities • U.S. attorneys declined to prosecute 67% of sexual abuse and related offenses that occurred in Indian Country from 2005-2009. • The criminal authority of the Tribes is limited. • A uniform reporting system is vital to the success of obtaining resources needed for victims of sexual violence. GAO report number GAO-11-167R, U.S. Department of Justice Declinations of Indian Country Criminal Matters (December 13, 2010) Tribal Court Clearinghouse, a Project of the Tribal Law and Policy Institute, General Guide to Criminal Jurisdiction in Indian Country Ronet Bachman, Heather Zaykowski, Rachel Kallmyer, Margarita Poteyeva, & Christina Lanier, U.S. Dep’t of Just. Grants 223691, Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and the Criminal Response: What is Known (August, 2008)
  6. 6. Historical trauma “The collective emotional and psychological injury, both over the life span and across generations, resulting from a cataclysmic history of genocide.” Dr. Maria Yellow Horse Braveheart, PhD • Conceptualized historical trauma, as a way to develop stronger understanding of life for many Native Americans toward an understanding of unresolved historical grief
  7. 7. Culturally Appropriate and Sensitive Response • Victims cultural beliefs and practices • Stereotypes associated with sexual violence for AI/AN people and for Native women • Limited resources and infrastructure • Community and Tribal support
  8. 8. Culturally Supportive Exams • Understand that culture can influence beliefs about sexual assault, its victims, and offenders • Understand that some victims may be apprehensive about interacting with responders from ethnic and racial backgrounds different from their own • Be aware that cultural beliefs may preclude a member of the opposite sex from being present when victims disrobe • Understand that victims may not report or discuss the assault because the stigma associated with it • Help victims obtain culturally specific assistance and/or provide referrals 8
  9. 9. Indigenous Victim/Patient Centered • Know and inform the victim how to contact a traditional healer/s or faith-based leader • Offer or inform the victim where to obtain traditional medicines • Support the victim through ceremony • Understand the need to protect family honor • Recognize the fear of retaliation
  10. 10. Indigenous Victim/Patient Centered • Discuss safety concerns • Recognize the interconnected relationships within the victim’s community • Honor the importance of family • Help remove barriers that prevent victims from reporting an assault or from accessing services
  11. 11. Confidentiality • Be sure jurisdictional policies address confidentiality issues related to the exam process • Increase the understanding of responders and patients in relevant confidentiality issues • Consider the impact of the Federal privacy laws regarding health information on victims of sexual assault • Strive to resolve intra-jurisdictional conflicts
  12. 12. Indigenous-Based SART
  13. 13. Indigenous Based SART Protocol • Recognizes Tribal sovereignty and involves Tribal leadership at every step • Is culturally-specific and reflects local tradition and customs • Addresses jurisdictional issues with responding agencies, such as:  Tribal Police, BIA, FBI, Sheriff’s Department,  Tribal prosecutor, U.S. Attorney, County/District Prosecutor, and  Federal or State forensic lab.
  14. 14. Indigenous Based SART Protocol • Is responsive to the VAWA (including Title IX, Safety for Indian Women) • Is responsive to the Tribal Law and Order Act • Identifies how to provide access to traditional practitioners/healers • Supports the victim’s choice for personal healing
  15. 15. 3578 Hartsel Drive, E-368 Colorado Springs, Colorado 80920 Tel 866-599-9650 eMail info@red-wind.net www.red-wind.net

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