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WWI - End of the War and Legacy
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WWI - End of the War and Legacy

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Transcript

  • 1.
    • NOT A JOURNAL
    • Can you think of anything American people do to support our troops in Iraq?
    • How do we as civilians help keep up the morale during a time of war?
    Header image courtesy of: www.usgennet.org/.../ preservation/dav1/pg185.htm
  • 2. Neutral Countries: Netherlands, Scandinavia, Spain, Switzerland Triple Entente Britain France Russia Triple Alliance Italy Germany Austria VS. Allied Powers Britain France Russia Italy Japan Central Powers Italy Germany Austria Bulgaria Ottoman Empire Italy Germany Austria
  • 3.
    • The War Begins…
    • • War quickly became a bloody stalemate
    • Germany Faces a war on two fronts
      • Schlieffen Plan – attack on west first and quickly go to east where a weak Russia would be delayed in supplying front lines
      • Germany did not win West and stalemate continues
    • On the Eastern Front Russia begins to struggle
      • Russian army short on food and supplies
      • No railroads to bring supplies
      • Plus Germany controlled the Baltic Sea region
    • Fighting Spreads beyond Europe into Africa and Asia and is truly becoming a World War (see page 852)
  • 4. Images courtesy of: www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ FWWtriple.htm
  • 5. The U.S. Gets Involved
    • The Sinking of the Lusitania
    Image courtesy of moana.patentes.com/ gl/biografias/galeria-5.htm
  • 6.
    • America Become’s Restless…
    • • Germany intensified strong hold of Atlantic Ocean
      • Announced sinking of ANY ship without warning
    • Lusitania is sunk in May of 1915
      • War hits home and U.S. citizens call for war
      • Other American ships are attacked
    • President, Woodrow Wilson still hoping to remain neutral
  • 7. Was the sinking of the Lusitania justified?
    • U.S. claimed the Lusitania carried an innocent cargo
    • Lusitania was in fact heavily armed;*
      • 1,248 cases shells
      • 4,927 boxes of cartridges (1,000 round/box)
      • 2,000 cases of small-arms ammunition
    *Information from Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States
  • 8.
    • More trouble for the U.S.
    • • Germany also tried to align with Mexico and help them gain back “conquered” land in exchange for becoming an Ally.
  • 9.
    • Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States.
      • Wanted to remain neutral
      • Germany tried to align with Mexico
      • Russia withdraws from war
      • Allied Powers need help
    Image Courtesy of Temple History Department (www.Temple.edu/history/)
  • 10. America (finally) Joins the War
    • April 2, 1917, President Wilson asks Congress to Declare war on Germany
  • 11. Neutral Countries: Netherlands, Scandinavia, Spain, Switzerland Allied Powers Britain France Russia Italy Japan VS. Central Powers Germany Austria Bulgaria Ottoman Empire Allied Powers Britain France United States Italy Japan
  • 12. On the Home Front…
    • Rationing
    • Propaganda
    • Women go to work
    • (p. 854)
  • 13.  
  • 14. Image Courtesy of Temple History Department (www.Temple.edu/history/) Tomorrow: A Christmas Truce…
  • 15. Bibliography
    • http://www.garrettcollege.edu/faculty/bluers -
    • Temple History Department ( http://www.temple.edu/history/01wandsout.html )
    • A People’s History of the United States – Howard Zinn, author
    • McDougal Littell – World History, Patterns of Interaction , text book
    • http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk
    • http://www.revision-notes.co.uk/revision/927.html
    • http://www.wikipedia.org/