WWI 1914-1918


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WWI 1914-1918

  1. 1. The Great World War I & IIA picture says more than a thousand words
  2. 2. The Great World War I & IIWorld War I was a military conflict that lasted from 1914 to 1918 and involved most ofthe world’s great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (centred aroundthe Triple Entente) and the Central Powers. More than 70 million military personnel,including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. Morethan 15 million people were killed, making it one of the deadliest conflicts in historyWorld War II, or the Second World War was a global military conflict lasting from 1939to 1945 which involved most of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers,organised into two opposing military alliances the Allies and the Axis. It was the mostwidespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised In astate of “Total War,” the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, andscientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction betweencivilian and military resources Marked by significant action against civilians, including theHolocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it was the deadliest conflict inHuman history, with over seventy million casualties.
  3. 3. June 28, 1914 Francis Ferdinand of Austria assassinated at Sarajevo, Bosnia. A country called Serbia was blamed by Austria for this murder
  4. 4. WWI BEGINS (In 1914)
  5. 5. Kaiser Wilhelm II German Emperor, inspecting Austro-Hungarian troopsJuly 5, 1914 Kaiser William II promised German support for Austria against Serbia
  6. 6. Domino EffectJuly 28 -Aug 4, Austria declared war on Serbia, Russia helped Serbia, Germany declared1914 war on Russia, France and invaded Belgium. Britain helped France.
  7. 7. The Central PowersAustria-Hungarian German Empire Ottoman Empire Empire VS The Allied Nations Great Britain France Russian Empire
  8. 8. Lady Elizabeth ButlerAugust 24,1914 The BEF (British Expeditionary Force) started its retreat from the battle of Mons Germany invaded France
  9. 9. August 26, 1914 Russian army defeated at Tannenberg and Masurian Lakes
  10. 10. September 6, 1914 Battle of Marne started
  11. 11. October 18, 1914 First Battle of Ypres
  12. 12. October 29,1914 Turkey entered the war on Germany’s side Trench warfare started to dominate the Western Front
  13. 13. WWI(In 1915)
  14. 14. January 19,1915 The first Zeppelin raid on Britain took place
  15. 15. February 19, 1915 Britain bombarded Turkish forts in the Dardanelles
  16. 16. April 25,1915 Allied troops landed in Gallipoli
  17. 17. May 7,1915 The “Lusitania” was sunk by a German U-boat
  18. 18. May 23,1915 Italy declared war on Germany and Austria
  19. 19. August 5,1915 The Germans captured Warsaw from the Russians
  20. 20. September 25,1915 Start of the Battle of Loos
  21. 21. December 19,1915 The Allies started the evacuation of Gallipoli
  22. 22. WWI(In 1916)
  23. 23. January 27,1916 Conscription introduced in Britain
  24. 24. the greatest and lengthiest in world historyFebruary 21,1916 Start of the Battle of Verdun. the greatest and lengthiest in world history between Germany and France)
  25. 25. April 29,1916 British forces surrendered to Turkish forces at Kut in Mesopotamia
  26. 26. May 31,1916 Battle of Jutland, the most anticipated naval battle in the history
  27. 27. June 4,1916 Start of the Brusilov Offensive by Alexi Brusilov, Russian Commander
  28. 28. July 1,1916 Start of the Battle of the Somme the British has suffered 420000 casualties
  29. 29. William Barnes WollenJuly 23,1916 The st Buckinghamshire Battalion at Pozieres
  30. 30. August 10,1916 End of the Brusilov Offensive. It had come to a halt By this date, the Russians had lost about 500,000 men and the Austrians 375,000 men
  31. 31. David PentlandSeptember 15,1916 First use en masse of tanks at the Somme
  32. 32. December 7,1916 Lloyd George becomes British Prime Minister
  33. 33. WWI(In 1917)
  34. 34. February 1,1917 Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare campaign started
  35. 35. “ No man can sit down and withhold his hands from the warfare against wrong and get peace from his acquiescence ” Woodrow Wilson 28th president of US 1856 - 1924 “ It is not needful or possible at this time, whilst yet he lives, to say that Wilson is a Washington or another Lincoln, but he is a great American He is one of the great presidents of American history ” Rabbi Stephen A Wise in a tribute to Woodrow Wilson American Leaders Speak, 1918-1920April 6,1917 USA declared war on Germany
  36. 36. April 16,1917 France launched an unsuccessful offensive on the Western Front
  37. 37. July 31,1917 Start of the Third Battle at Ypres
  38. 38. October 24,1917 Battle of Caporetto – the Italian Army was heavily defeated
  39. 39. Cambrai showed the full potential of the tank on the battlefield.November 6-20,1917 Britain launched a major offensive on the Western Front and British tanks finally won a victory at Cambrai
  40. 40. December 5,1917 Armistice between Germany and Russia signed
  41. 41. December 9,1917 Britain captured Jerusalem from the Turks
  42. 42. WWI(In 1918)
  43. 43. March 3,1918 The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed between Russia and Germany
  44. 44. March 21,1918 Germany broke through on the Somme
  45. 45. Marshal Ferdinand Foch, the chief Allied delegate at the armistice negotiationsMarch 29,1918 Marshall Foch was appointed Allied Commander on the Western Front
  46. 46. April 9,1918 Germany started an offensive in Flanders
  47. 47. July 15,1918 Second Battle of the Marne started The start of the collapse of the German army
  48. 48. August 8,1918 The advance of the Allies was successful
  49. 49. September 19,1918 Turkish forces collapsed at Megiddo
  50. 50. October 4,1918 Germany asked the Allies for an armisticeOctober 29,1918 Germany’s navy mutinied
  51. 51. October 30, 1918 Turkey made peaceNovember 3,1918 Austria made peace
  52. 52. November 9,1918 Kaiser William II abdicated
  53. 53. November 11,1918 Germany signed an armistice with the Allies – the official date of the end of World War One.
  54. 54. WWI ENDS(In 1918)
  55. 55. “Blaming Germanys military defeat on the 1918 Revolutions, He considered Jews theculprit of Imperial Germanys downfall and subsequent economic problems as well.”
  56. 56. 15 Years Later (In 1933)
  57. 57. “ I speak in the name of the entire German people when I assure the world that we all share the honest wish to eliminate the enmity that brings far more costs than any possible benefits It would be a wonderful thing for all of humanity if both peoples would renounce force against each other forever The German people are ready to make ” such a pledge Adolf Hitler - 14th October 1933
  58. 58. National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi)
  59. 59. He came back with the “ Power ”.
  60. 60. 1933 Adolf Hitler is elected Chancellor of Germany. He abolishes democracy and becomes a dictator. The party’s name is National Socialist German Workers Party. (Nazi)
  61. 61. 1935 The German military enters the neutral Saar region, Hitler resumes conscription to the German military.
  62. 62. Rome-Berlin Axis“These fascist dictators believed that the world would revolve around the “Rome-Berlin Axis”.1936 The German military enters the demilitarized Rhine region The German-Italian Axis is formed
  63. 63. 1937 Japan, which already occupies Manchuria, invades central China
  64. 64. 1938 Hitler annexes Austria and western Czechoslovakia
  65. 65. - Hitler annexes Austria and western CzechoslovakiaMarch 1939 Czechoslovakia surrenders to imminent German invasion
  66. 66. April 1939 Hitler cancels the German-British naval agreement and the German-Polish non-aggression pact Italy invades Albania
  67. 67. July 1939 Polish intelligence passes all its knowledge about the German Enigma machine to British and French intelligence
  68. 68. Non-aggression pact However, Hitler knew he would eventually invade Soviet Union.August 1939 Germany and Russia sign non-aggression pact, secretly agreeing to invade Poland and share it German U-boats and battleships sail to the Atlantic Ocean for war
  69. 69. WWII BEGINS (In 1939)
  70. 70. September 1,1939 Germany invades Poland, World War 2 begins
  71. 71. September 3,1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany.
  72. 72. September 8,1939 The US remains neutral but president Roosevelt declares limited national emergency
  73. 73. September 17,1939 Russia invades PolandSeptember 27,1939 Warsaw surrendersOctober 6,1939 The last remaining Polish forces surrender
  74. 74. November 30,1939 Russia invades Finland
  75. 75. WWII(In 1940)
  76. 76. Joseph Stalin of Russia Adolf Hitler of GermanyMarch 12,1940 Russia-Finland war ends. It convinces Hitler that the Russian military is ineffective.
  77. 77. April 8,1940 Germany invades Denmark and Norway
  78. 78. May 10,1940 Germany invades France, Holland, Belgium, Luxemburg Winston Churchill becomes Britains prime minister
  79. 79. May 27,1940 Evacuation of British and French forces to Britain at Dunkirk begins.June 4,1940 The evacuation at Dunkirk ends 338,000 troops were rescued Churchill declares that Britain will never surrender
  80. 80. June 10,1940 Italy declares war on the collapsing France and on Britain
  81. 81. June 14,1940 German troops march into ParisJune 22,1940 France surrender
  82. 82. June 18,1940 Russia invades Lithuania, Latvia, and EstoniaJune 27,1940 Russia annexes the eastern regions of Romania.
  83. 83. July 1,1940 Germany invades the British Channel islands.July 10,1940 The Battle of Britain air campaign beginsJuly 18,1940 Churchill declares this is Britains finest hour.
  84. 84. August 8,1940 The Luftwaffe begins to bomb British early warning radarsAugust 15,1940 The Luftwaffe loses 76 aircrafts in one day
  85. 85. August 25,1940 British night bombers bomb Berlin
  86. 86. Sept 3,1940 Hitler changes the Luftwaffes objective from destroying the Royal Air Force to bombing London. This allows the R.A.F to recover and win the battle of Britain.
  87. 87. Sept 13,1940 Italy invades British-held Egypt from Libya, the North African campaign begins.
  88. 88. Sept 15,1940 The largest Luftwaffe daytime bombardment, it loses 56 aircraft
  89. 89. Sept 27,1940 Japan joins The Axis
  90. 90. Oct 7,1940 German troops enter their Ally Romania, Germanys only source of oil which is threatened by Russia
  91. 91. Nov 11,1940 British carrier aircraft sink Italian fleet in Tarantos harbor Yamamoto in Japan is impressed by their success
  92. 92. Nov 20,1940 Hungary and Romania, both military dictatorships, join The Axis.
  93. 93. Dec 9,1940 British forces in Egypt counter attack the Italians and advance along the Libyan coast
  94. 94. WWII(In 1941)
  95. 95. Jan 12,1941 Hitler sends Rommel and the Afrika Korps to help the Italians in North AfricaMar 3, 1941 Rommel attacks the British forces in North Africa.
  96. 96. Mar 5, 1941 British troops arrive at Greece to support it.Apr 6,1941 Germany invades Yugoslavia and GreeceApr 17,1941 British forces evacuate Greek mainland to CreteApr 27,1941 German troops occupy AthensMay 20,1941 German paratroopers and airborne troops invade Crete by airMay 31,1941 British forces in Crete surrender.
  97. 97. MatsuokaApril 13,1941 After military clashes, Japan and Russia sign non-aggression pact.
  98. 98. Operation Barbarossa begins when 4.5 million troops of the Axis powers invade the USSRalong an 1,800 mile front Clark IIJune 22,1941 Germany invades Russia Hitler orders maximum cruelty against civilians, which results in fanatic Russian resistanceJuly 3,1941 Joseph Stalin orders the "scorched earth" strategy.July 16,1941 German army group "Center" takes Smolensk, just 220 miles fromJuly 21, 1941 Moscow.The Luftwaffe bombs Moscow
  99. 99. MatsuokaJuly 24,1941 Japan invades French Indo-China Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia
  100. 100. July 29,1941 Hitler, eager to occupy the rich Ukraine first, orders to stop army group Centers advance to Moscow and to transfer its two tank armies to army groups "North" and "South". This is perhaps Hitlers greatest mistake The German Generals argue in vain against it.
  101. 101. The final solution. A Nazi about to shoot the last Hermann Goering Jew left alive in VinicaJuly 31,1941 Hermann Goering orders the SS to prepare "the final solution", the plan to murder the millions of European jews.
  102. 102. War in Russia Siege of LeningradSept 6,1941 Hitler orders to resume the advance to Moscow, in order to take it in the limited time before winter Army group Center , is given back its two tank armies, plus a third tank army and additional air units.Sept 15,1941 The long German siege of Leningrad begins.Sept 18,1941 The Germans in the South occupy Kiev and reach the Crimea
  103. 103. Soviet refugees during German invasionOct 2,1941 The final German attack towards Moscow begins (operation Typhoon).Oct 5,1941 Rains stop German advance to Moscow due to deep mud which stops both tanks and infantry.Oct 16,1941 Russian government leaves Moscow, the Germans occupy Odessa.
  104. 104. Oct 26,1941 The Germans occupy KharkovNov 15,1941 With the mud frozen by the dropping temperatures, German advance to Moscow resumes.
  105. 105. A 1941 WWII Soviet poster by Kukryniksy Artists reminding Russians about the traditions of Alexander Nevsky,Alexander Suvorov, and Vasily ChapayevNov 30,1941 The foremost German forces reach 27km from Moscow, but can advance no further due to strong Russian resistance.Dec 6,1941 At temperatures of -34C (-29F) and below, a major Russian counter attack near Moscow begins. Moscow is saved, and the Germans are pushed back.
  106. 106. War in Asia General TojoOct 17,1941 General Tojo becomes Japans prime ministerDec 7, 1941 The Japanese Navy attacks Pearl Harbor and the Phillipines, and the US joins the war.Dec 11,1941 Germany and Italy declare war on the US.Dec 19,1941 Hitler orders "fanatic resistance" and appoints himself military commander-in-chief.
  107. 107. Imperial Japan Emperor Hirohito •General Hideki Tojo •Admiral Yamamoto • Prime Minister •planned the attack on •Pearl Harbor.•Japanese military leaders had increased control in post WW I Japan.
  108. 108. Pearl Harbor, the tuning point of WWII, USA joined the War!
  109. 109. “ With the German failure to defeat Russia, which is marked by their failure to take Moscow, and with the United States joining the war a day later, This date marks the main turning point of World War II ”
  110. 110. The Axis Italy Germany Japan VS The Allied NationsGreat Britain France USSR USA
  111. 111. WWII(In 1942)
  112. 112. In 1942 The wars took place mainly in 3 areas, which wereRussia by Germany, Asia by Japan, and Africa by Germany.
  113. 113. March 20,1942 industrial scale murder of jews by poison gas begins in Nazi death camps
  114. 114. War in AsiaJan 2,1942 Japanese forces occupy ManilaJan 10,1942 Japanese forces invades IndonesiaJan 11,1942 Japanese forces occupy MalaysiaJan 12,1942 Japanese forces invade BurmaJan 25,1942 Japanese forces invade the Solomon islandsFeb 15,1942 Singapore surrenders to the Japanese
  115. 115. April 18,1942 Doolittles raid - US bombers bomb Tokyo
  116. 116. April 18,1942 Battle of the Coral Sea One Japanese carrier and one American carrier areMay 6,1942 sunk
  117. 117. June 4,1942 The battle of Midway. Four Japanese carriers are sunk, and one American carrier. Japans naval superiority is lost.Jul 3,1942 Japanese forces land in GuadalcanalAug 7,1942 US forces land in Guadalcanal
  118. 118. War in RussiaJan 13,1942 German U-boats begin to sink ships along the US East coastMay 8,1942 The German spring offensive in southern Russia begins.Jul 28,1942 Stalin forbids further Russian retreats, at any cost
  119. 119. War in RussiaAug 23,1942 The German 6th army reach Stalingrad, the battle of Stalingrad begins.Sep 6,1942 The German advance in Stalingrad is stopped.Nov 19,1942 The Russian flanking counter attack around Stalingrad beginsDec 19,1942 The Germans fail to break the encirclement of their army in Stalingrad
  120. 120. Jan 21,1942 Rommel begins another offensive in North AfricaAug 13,1942 Montgomery becomes commander of the British 8th armySep 23,1942 The battle of El Alamein in North Africa begins.Nov 8,1942 Allied forces land in western North Africa, at Rommels back
  121. 121. WWII(In 1943)
  122. 122. In 1943 The wars took place mainly in 2 areas, which wereRussia by Germany, and moving Africa battle to NorthAtlantic ocean by Germany, and Italy was defeated.
  123. 123. War in Russia Germany would never go on offensive again against the USSRFeb 2,1943 The last German forces in Stalingrad surrenderJuly 5,1943 The battle of Kursk beginsSep 25,1943 The Russians liberate SmolenskOctober Allied anti submarine bases established in the Azores, in the middle of the Atlantic OceanNov 6,1943 The Russians liberate Kiev
  124. 124. General Erwin RommelMay 13,1943 The long North Africa campaign ends. The Allies control North AfricaMay 22,1943 41 German U-boats sunk in 3 weeks Doenitz retreats all U-boats from the North atlanticJuly 10,1943 The Allies invade SicilyNov 19,1943 The Marines land in TarawaNovember Rommel takes command of the "atlantic wall" in the French coast
  125. 125. Mussolini was arrested and executed while trying to escape to SwitzerlandJuly 25,1943 Mussolini is replaced and arrested.Sept 3,1943 The Allies invade Italys mainlandSept 8,1943 Italy surrenders The German forces in northern and central Italy occupy it
  126. 126. Dec 1943 P-51 fighters provide all-the-way long range escort to bombers over
  127. 127. WWII(In 1944)
  128. 128. Jan 16, 1943 Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of western allies forces
  129. 129. War in RussiaMarch The Russians advance into the UkraineApr10,1944 The Russians liberate OdessaJun22,1944 The Russians advance to BelarusJun27,1944 Cherburg is liberated
  130. 130. Romania surrenders to the RussiansJun28,1944 The Russians reach the old German-Russian border in central PolandAug23,1944 Romania surrenders to the Russians Its oil fields were Germanys only source of natural oilSpe6,1944 Finland and Bulgaria surrenders to the RussiansOct19,1944 The Germans evacuate Riga, Latvia
  131. 131. War in Asia Battle of the Phillippine seaJun 15,1944 The Marines land in SaipanJun 19,1944 Battle of the Phillippine seaJul 24,1944 The Marines land in TinianOct 20,1944 The Marines land in Leyte, in the Philippines In response, the Japanese Navy begins to use Kamikaze suicide pilots.Nov 14,1944 B-29 bombers begin to bomb Tokyo from bases in the Mariana islands
  132. 132. War in Europe the beaches of NormandyMay 1944 Allied bombers begin to concentrate on the German fuel industryJun 5,1944 The German Navys Enigma messages are decoded almost in real time.Jun 6,1944 D-Day. American, British, Canadian forces invade France at the beaches of Normandy
  133. 133. Hitler survivesJul 12,1944 1st German V-1 cruise missile attack on BritainJul 20,1944 Hitler survives an assassination attempt by senior German officers with light wounds.July21,1945 Hitler appoints General Guderian to chief of the army OKH The Marines land in Guam
  134. 134. General Gorge S.PattonJul 30,1944 General Gorge S.Patton breaks out of the beachhead deep into FranceAug 1,1944 Warsaw revolts against the GermansAug 15,1944 The Allies land in southern FranceAug 25,1944 Paris is liberated.
  135. 135. Allied started fighting backAugust Allied fighters achieve air superiority over GermanySep 8,1944 1st German V-2 ballistic missile attack on BritainSep 17,1944 Operation Market Garden in HollandOct 5,1944 British forces land in GreeceDec 16,1944 The German attack in the Ardennes begin
  136. 136. WWII(In 1945)
  137. 137. War in Europe the Auschwitz death campJan 23,1945 The Russians reach Germany itself at the Oder riverJan 27,1945 The Russians liberate the Auschwitz death campJan 28,1945 The Ardennes campaign ends
  138. 138. Feb 4-11,1945 Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin at Yalta,
  139. 139. Allied Officers & Soldiers view the carnage at Buchenwald after liberationFeb 13,1945 The Russians occupy Budapest, Hungary Dresden bombed.Apr 11,1945 The Allies liberate the Buchenwald death camp
  140. 140. The Russians enter ViennaApr 13,1945 The Russians enter ViennaApr 16,1945 The Russians begin final advance to BerlinApr 25,1945 American and Russian forces meet
  141. 141. German defense in northern Italy finally collapseMar 6,1945 The Allies occupy Cologne, GermanyMar 7,1945 US forces cross the Rhine on the Remagen bridgeMar 27,1945 V-2 missile attacks endApr 1,1945 German forces encircled in the Ruhr by the AmericansApr 10,1945 The Allies occupy HannoverApr 26,1945 German defense in northern Italy finally collapse
  142. 142. The End of MussoliniApr 29,1945 Mussolini is executed by the Italian resistance The Allies liberate the Dachau death camp
  143. 143. Apr 30,1945 Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his bunker in Berlin. He appoints Admiral Doenitz as his successor.
  144. 144. May 8,1945 Germany surrenders The war in Europe ends
  145. 145. War in AsiaJan 9,1945 The Marines land in Luzon in the PhilippinesFeb 19,1945 The Marines land in Iwo JimaMar 4,1945 Manila is liberatedMar 16,1945 The battle of Iwo Jima endsMar 27,1945 V- missile attacks end
  146. 146. Apr 6,1945 The Marines land in Okinawa. Japan orders all its forces to use Kamikaze suicide tacticApr 7,1945 The super battleship Yamato is sunk on its way to a Kamikaze fight in Okinawa
  147. 147. April 12,1945 President Roosevelt dies.
  148. 148. May 28,1945 450 B-29 bombers bomb YokohamaJun 2,1945 660 B-29 bombers bomb Japanese citiesJun21,1945 Battle of Okinawa ends
  149. 149. First atomic bomb test, near Alamogordo, New MexicoJuly16,1945 Jul 16 - the US tests the atomic bomb in New Mexico It works
  150. 150. HiroshimaAug 6,1945 Hiroshima is destroyed by an atomic bomb, named “Little Boy”.
  151. 151. NagasakiAug 9,1945 Nagasaki is destroyed by an atomic bomb name “Fat Man”.
  152. 152. Aug 14,1945 Aug 14 - Japan surrenders
  153. 153. Japanese foreign affairs minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Japanese Instrument Of Surrender on board USS Missouri as General Richard K. Sutherland watches,Sept 2,1945 Japan signs instrument of surrender. The World War 2 finally ends.
  154. 154. “ Sure, we want to go home We want this war over with The quickest way to get it over with is to go get the bastards who started it The quicker they are whipped, the quicker we can go home The shortest way home is through Berlin and Tokyo And when we get to Berlin, I am personally going to shoot that paper hanging son-of-a-bitch Hitler Just like Id shoot a snake General George S Patton – ” (addressing to his troops before Operation Overlord) - 5th June 1944
  155. 155. Thank You Very Much Sompong Yusoontorn