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Islamic Calligraphy

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Islamic Calligraphy as an art

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Islamic Calligraphy

  1. 1. The Art of Arabic Calligraphy
  2. 2. <ul><li>How Writing Became an Art Form: </li></ul><ul><li>The Revelation of the Qur’an as an inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>To glorify the words of God – visually as in recitation </li></ul><ul><li>The discouragement of representing human figures </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Development of Arabic Script: </li></ul><ul><li>As a writing system, Arabic appeared in early 5 th Century. </li></ul><ul><li>The revelation of Islam had a major impact on the development </li></ul><ul><li>of Arabic language & </li></ul><ul><li>Script. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Al-Hambra Palace Candlestick
  5. 5. Calligraphy Applications: <ul><li>To Glorify & Beautify God’s words </li></ul><ul><li>As a form of worship </li></ul><ul><li>As a spiritual activity </li></ul><ul><li>Artistic </li></ul><ul><li>Decoration </li></ul><ul><li>Identity </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tughra’ was used by the Ottoman sultans as their signature. It was supposed to be impossible to imitate. Basmallah in Tughra’ style Signature of an Ottoman Sultan
  7. 7. See a tughra (tugra) in action http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/96/Tugra_Mahmuds_II.gif
  8. 8. Pictorial Calligraphy: words are manipulated and structured into the shape of a human figure, a bird, an animal or an object. Prayer in a form of a human figure “ I testify that there is no god, but God and Muhammad is a messenger of God&quot; Prayer in a form of a Lion “ Ali bin abi Talib, the victorious lion of God, may God be pleased with him&quot;
  9. 9. Calligraphy in the shape of a mosque
  10. 10. Love & Peace by Fayeq Oweis, 2003
  11. 11. Arabic Calligraphy in Mosques Minbar & Mihrab - Mosque of University of Jordan The Dome of the Rock
  12. 12. Dome of the Rock
  13. 14. Now you get to try your hand at calligraphy…

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