Causes of wwi

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Causes of wwi

  1. 1. World War I
  2. 2. Causes of WWI: MANIAMilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for warAlliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one anotherNationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s countryImperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politicallyAssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand
  3. 3. Imperialism: Europeanconquest of Africa
  4. 4. Causes of World War I - AlliancesTriple Entente: Triple Alliance: Great Britain Germany France Austria-Hungary Tension Russia Italy
  5. 5. Causes of World War I - NationalismPan-Germanism - movement to unify the people of allGerman speaking countries Germanic Countries Austria * Luxembourg Belgium Netherlands Denmark Norway Iceland Sweden Germany * Switzerland * Liechtenstein * United Kingdom * = German speaking country
  6. 6. Causes of World War I - Imperialism
  7. 7. Causes of World War I - Imperialism
  8. 8. Causes of World War I - Assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie Sarajevo, Bosnia - June 28th, 1914.
  9. 9. Causes of World War I - Assassination
  10. 10. Causes of World War I - AssassinationAustrianArchdukeFranzFerdinandwas killed inBosnia by aSerbiannationalistwho believedthat Bosniashould belongto Serbia.
  11. 11. Allied Powers: Central Powers:Great Britain Germany France Austria-Hungary World War I Russia Ottoman Empire Italy
  12. 12. Americans Question Neutrality
  13. 13. Which side to pick? US Exports to both sides! Nations 1914 1915 1916Britain $594,271,863 $911,794,954 $1,526,685,102France $159,818,924 $364,397,170 $628,851,988Germany $344,794,276 $28,863,354 $288,899 Central Powers: Allies: •11 million German-Americans •Close cultural ties •Irish-Americans hated Great •Shared transatlantic cables (so censored Britain stories) •Big business loaned much $ to allies
  14. 14. What will it take to get the U.S. involved? • Lusitania – torpedoed, sinking with 1200 passengers and crew (including 128 Americans) – German U-Boat
  15. 15. What will it take to get the U.S. involved?• Unlimited Submarine Warfare – 1917 Germany announced “unlimited submarine warfare” in the war zone
  16. 16. What will it take to get the U.S. involved? • Zimmerman Telegram – Intercepted from Germany to Mexico – Promised Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico back in return for an alliance
  17. 17. What did it take to get the US involved? •Zimmerman Note + the sinking of 4 unarmed American ships led to a declaration of war

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