Chapter 12: WWIGoal: Identify the 4 M.A.I.N causes of WWI.
Bell Ringer1. Why do countries go to war?3. When preparing for war, what are three things that you would want your country to have?
Page 415: Graphic Organizer• Create a graphic organizer of the 4 M.A.I.N causes of WWI:
Extra Credit• Historical references are used on a daily basis in many tv shows and in music. As you find references to items or facts from class, document those facts either by bringing them into class or posting them on the class website. (cableswiki.wikispaces.com) Receive two bonus points per reference as many as ten times during the remaining nine weeks.• Let’s check out an example…
Causes of WWIMilitarism• European countries begin spending large amounts of money on their militaries.• Military given power in government• Arms race begins
• Alliances Causes of WWI• European countries signed treaties to form military alliances• Germany allies with Austria-Hungary, and Italy: Triple Alliance• Russia allies with England,who allies with FranceTriple Entente
The Schlieffen Plan• Germany’s plan to quickly conquer France then push into Russia.• What are some potential problems with this plan?
• Imperialism Causes of WWI• European countries and Japan begin taking territories in Asia, Africa, and Pacific islands.• Germany and Austria see the only way to get good land is to steal it.
Causes of WWI• Nationalism• People who were once independent now living in an empire consider themselves residents of their home country, not the empire.
• Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary A Spark assassinated by 19 year old Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, Bosnia.• Austria takes over Bosnia; Ferdinand was touring his new land.• Princip belonged to a Serbian terrorist group who wanted Bosnia to join Serbia.
Review1. The assassination of _____________ sparked WWI.3. What were the 4 M.A.I.N. causes of WWI?5. Which countries allied with Germany?7. Which countries allied with England?
The American Response• America stays neutral to protect investments• Preparedness movement encouraged Americans to get ready for war.• Peace movement led by women and Progressives
America Neutrality• 30% of the American population immigrants from Europe.• England produces news stories to sway American support
German Submarine Warfare• German U-Boats kept aide from reaching England• U-Boats went after both merchant and war ships
America Moves to War• May 7, 1915 a German U-Boat sinks the Lusitania, a British passenger ship. – 1,200 killed including 128 Americans• Sussex Pledge: Germany promises to warn allied ships before attacking.
America Moves to War • Wilson runs for re- election on a peace platform and wins • Germany resumes unlimited submarine warfare • Zimmerman note intercepted • The loss of several US ships leads to declaration of war
WWI Propaganda• Before and during WWI, many groups tried to pursued public opinion either for or against the war. Using the space on your worksheet, determine whether each of the following advertisements is propaganda either for or against the war. Explain your answer for each.