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  • 1. KAKAO KONEK CONFERENCE DIVINA M. AMALIN BALIK SCIENTIST PROGRAM (BSP)Department of Science and Technology November 22, 2012 Apo View Hotel, Davao City
  • 2. BSP TASKSDevelopment of Sustainable and Efficient Biological ControlFor Cacao Production Compile existing baseline information and determine key knowledge gaps essential Methods development and technological applications that will provide and disseminate information and data leading to the implementation of more ecologically-sustainable IPM for cacao Determine the economics (cost-benefit analysis)
  • 3. Existing Baseline Information on Major Pests of Cacao Helopeltis Cacao pod borer Black pod rot Vascular Streak Dieback
  • 4. Minor Pests of CacaoMealybug Tree hopper Ceratocystis wilt
  • 5. Baseline Information – Key Knowledge GapSeasonal abundanceStudy of distribution patterns of insects in crop ecosystemsSampling techniques for the estimation of insect population and damagePest surveillance (light traps, pheromone traps)Forecasting of pest incidenceNatural enemiesKnowing the natural enemies acting on the pestsSampling techniqueHabitat manipulation to enhance populationConservation technique
  • 6. Biology of Helopeltis Total life spanegg 28 – 47 days nymph adult
  • 7. Cacao Pod Borer adult egg pupa larva Total Life Cycle = 32-40 days
  • 8. IPM has 6 steps1. Inspect and Investigate2. Identify and Learn3. Monitor4. Choose Control Methods5. Evaluate6. Technology transfer
  • 9. Control Methods for IPM  Culrural Methods habitat diversifications mehanical method (sleeving, pruning) sanitation  Biological Control classical biological control (applied biological control native biological control  Chemical control botanical extracts insecticidal soap plant oil bio-coaters
  • 12. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL Classical Bio-ControlCacao Pod Borer egg parasitoidTrichogrammatoidea bactrae fumata Indonesia
  • 13. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL Native Bio-ControlCacao Pod Borer Parasitoids Pupa Paraphylax Goryphus Egg Trichogrammatoidea cojuangcoi
  • 14. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL Native Bio-Control for Helopeltis Beauveria bassiana - EntomophatogensRed and Black Ants
  • 15. CHEMICAL CONTROLBotanical Extracts
  • 16. CHEMICAL CONTROL Particle Film Technology Clay MineralTomato Apple Blueberries
  • 17. METHODS DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATION Preliminary assessment of Kaolin Clay on Helopeltis
  • 18. METHODS DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATION Explore the genetic potential of the plantT1= use of stoler products; T= farmer’s practice; T3= control (water only)
  • 19. Identification of insects, spiders, and mites in cacao plantation training manual 1st edition
  • 20. CACAO IPM TRAINING – Hands-on Field Clinic Session •Quezon Province Candelaria (1 session), Tiaong (3 sessions), Sariaya (2 sessions), Lopez (5 sessions), Tagkawayan (2 session), Mulanay (2 sessions) •Aurora Province Dingalan (2 sessions) •Davao City Talandang (3 sessions) •Zamboanga del Norte Dipolog City (4 sessions) •National Capital Region (NCR) Quezon City (4 sessions) • Ilocos Norte Batac (1 session) •Cagayan Valley Isabela (2 sessions)
  • 21. THANK YOU!!!