Kk day 2 pm stream 3 speaker 3 janoz ffs co_copal context_kakaokonek
87 East DBP Village, Ma-a, Davao City Ph. (82) 298-6250 www.acdivoca.org
Farmers Field School (FFS):Developing Next Generation of Cocoa Farmers Janoz Xn Yesu S. Laquihon Training & Extension Coordinator/Communications Unit Coordinator ACDI/VOCA
OUTLINE1. Overview: CoCoPal Project2. The CBAM Model3. Farmers Field School: CEG managed4. Conclusion
CoCoPal:• CoCoPal = Cocoa, Coconut and Palayamanan.• Palayamanan concept “rice-based diversified farming” (developed by PhilRice)• CoCoPal targets: Improve the income and food security of 25,000 farmers through integrated farming system connected by “value chain approach”• Target to improve the “post-harvest processing facilities, practices and standards for cacao, coconut and rice.• This will strengthen the “value chains” especially the “role” of small holder farmers.
Major features of the CoCoPal Program• Industries of: Cocoa, Coconut and Rice Sectors• Other Industries: fruits, vegetables animals/fish as part of Integrated farming systems• Total Direct Beneficiaries of the program: 25,000• Total Indirect Beneficiaries of the program: 125,000• Started: December 2009• Anticipated Project completion date: June 2013
75 Village Technology and Extension Farms, VTEFs Palayamanan farming systems based mainly on cocoa, coconut , rice fruit trees, vegies, are A1 established and validatedThe CoCoPal project will support extension and training in Palayamanan practices and systems that lead toenhanced farm productivity, post-harvest processing, and market development of rice, coconut and cocoaenterprises of smallholder farmers. A network of strategically located demo farms will be developed todemonstrate, validate and extend to farmers the appropriate Palayamanan systems adapted to the differentregions and ecological zones in Mindanao.
A2Training & Extension 62 CEFs + 340 CFLs to train25,000 Farmers in Farmer Field Schools
A3150 POST HARVESTFACILITIES:boost accessibility andproductivity of post harvestprocessing of rice, coconutand cocoa products
A4300 MICRO ENTERPRISES SUPPORTEDfor enhanced availability and reducedcost of improved rice, coconut, cocoaand other plant materials
300 MICRO ENTERPRISES SUPPORTEDDevelopment and extension oforganic based fertiliser andpesticides inputs for Palayamananfarming systems A5
Value Chain Growth, smallholderempowerment, business development A6 Economic Advancement & Resource Network (EARN)
We work across the value chain:from farm to Van Constraints not addressed lead to bottlenecks and mis-trust
Private and Public partnerships:MARS, WCF, PhilRice, CIDAMi, FEDCO,PASCFO, APEX, CSI, etc.
Facilitation of market linkages Slide from Royal Tropical Institute, Netherlands
Farmer Field Schools, demo farms, farmer to farmermechanisms, on farm R&D as extension methods
The CoCoPal Training & Extension• Training & Extension = 1 of the 6 main activities CoCoPal Program• Target: 25,000 farmers trained• Approach: FFS using CBAM• CEG: 1 CEF + 6 CFLs• Provide ToT, IST, Field Coaching• Provide assistance in the conduct of FFS• Provide Learning Materials and Guides
The CoCoPal Training & Extension• CEF – manages the CEG (Technicians)• CFL – Facilitates the conduct of FFS (Farmers) • Volunteers • Farmer to Farmer • Develops & Manages their own Learning Sites using Farm Planning as a tool
CoCoPal believes that FFS… a participatory trainingapproach (extension tool and aform of adult education) Farmer-driven: ideal forlarge numbers ofsmallholder farmers
CoCoPal believes that FFS… is focused on building farmers’capacity on decision- making How? increased knowledge andunderstanding of the agro-ecosystem Farmer-participants make regular field using VORAD
CoCoPal FFS has … 25-30 farmers pergroup 50 farmers per CFL 300 farmers per CEF meets regularly Is guided by atrained facilitator
Training Approach (4 As)• Activity – used as an ice breaker/introductory activity related to the topic / goal or expectation setting• Analysis – analyze the activity conducted, leveling of knowledge and expectation• Abstraction – Proper lecture/ theoretical input• Application – Hands-on / Practicum / Application of knowledge and skills / Learning by doing
COCOPAL CHECK SYSTEM: SESSION GUIDE FOR CFLS IN THE CONDUCT OF FFS CLASSESSESSION STEP TOPIC DURATION KEY CHECKS • FFS area prepared / LS prepared Entry plan / Orientation of based on the CFLs training plan 0 CoCoPal Project @ Brgy level 1 month • List of possible farmer enrollees Officials obtained KeyCheck 1: • TPR 1, TPR2 and Master list completed, • Course outline/ Training Plan discussed, • Scheduled training dates, • Farmers grouped / Interim Officers Step 1. Orientation of CoCoPal 1 1 4 hours organized, Program • Expectations leveled off, House Rules (No. of hours, etc) formulated; • FFS Budget discussed; • FAQs on CoCoPal answered; • Letter of Support from BLGU/ Certification from LGU signed. KeyCheck 2: Step 2. Farmers Vision, Goals & 2 2 4 hours • Written farmers VGO, Farm locator Objectives map, Farm Resource Map achieved
SAMPLE TIME SCHEDULE of COCOPAL FFS CLASS Oras Activity Objective R. Person 8:00-8:15 Roll Call / Paghibalo kinsa ang present ug pag Host Teams Attendance “remind” unsay nahitabo sa niaging FFS /Recap 8:15-9:00 Reporting matag Para mahibalo unsay sitwasyon sa matag CFL / pungpong / uma Mag-uuma VORAD 9:00-9:15 Group Dynamics • Pagpalagsik sa grupo, CFL / / Activity & • Pag-hatag ug ideya sa sunod nga Mag-uuma / Analysis topiko Host Team • Pagsubay kung unsa pay wala nahibal-i sa partisipante9:15- 10:30 Topic Pag hatag sa kahibalo / lecture CFL / CEF / (Abstraction) Speaker10:30-11:30 Practicum Pag-apply sa nahibal-an diha sa imong Mag-uuma / (Application) uma CFL / CEF / Speaker11:30-11:40 Review Pag-review sa natun-an / pagtubag sa CFL mga pangutana11:40-11:45 Roll Call / Aron pag sayod kinsay “late comer” o Host Teams Attendance / absent Announcement