Rainforest Alliance  Annabelle Silla Calicdan     RA Lead Auditor   Philippines , Nov 2012
Break-out Session Theme:     ENGAGING COCOA CHAIN    VALUE ACTORS TO MEET 2020           CHALLENGE © Copyright 2007 Rainfo...
FAST FACTS AND TRENDS     • Mars has committed to sourcing 100       percent of its cocoa from sustainable      sources by...
FAST FACTS AND TRENDS       • Kraft Foods commit to use only      Rainforest Alliance Certified™ cocoa      beans across i...
FAST FACTS AND TRENDS                          Crop overview: Cocoa as of October 31, 2012 * SAN Monthly Certification Rep...
FAST FACTS AND TRENDS   Choosing Chocolate with a Conscience    • rapidly growing "green" or environmental      market tha...
There are two standards                                   1. Group                                      Certification     ...
Basic conditions for certification1) Comply with all the critical criteria     (There are 15 of them.)2) Comply with 50% o...
What do we want to protect?                            Crop       Animal         s                                        ...
WHY CERTIFICATION??• High demand of certified products• Protect health of farmers family and workers• Conserve the environ...
Main Topic                              CONSERVING                            BIODIVERSITY IN                             ...
ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION  CACAO ARE SHADE CROPS • can flourish under the   shade of the forest canopy,   where it supports  ...
ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION• This enhancement of  biodiversity in the  agricultural landscape  occurs primarily on a  local sca...
ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION     If you have any of the following types of area on your     farm, these important ecosystem must...
ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION  No cutting, no hunting, no farming  • In order to protect these areas, it should be    prohibited ...
ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION     Planting of indigenous trees •   At the border of the farm •   Around water sources •   On the ...
ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION  Creating buffer zones  • It is recommended to create a buffer zone    between the conservation are...
ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION  Connecting ecosystems  • For animals and birds to move from one    place to the other, they need f...
ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION   BEWARE !!! INVASIVE PLANT SPECIES Effects on forest ecosystems of some alien species introduced i...
ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION  BEWARE !!! INVASIVE SPECIES  Lantana Camara                                20
TRIVIA• According to the Greeks, chocolate –  or theobroma – is literally the “food of the  gods.”• chocolate contains try...
Thank you,,,,                         FOLLOW THE FROG !The Rainforest Alliance works to conserve biodiversity and ensure s...
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Kk day 2 pm stream 1 2nd speaker calicdan

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Kk day 2 pm stream 1 2nd speaker calicdan

  1. 1. Rainforest Alliance Annabelle Silla Calicdan RA Lead Auditor Philippines , Nov 2012
  2. 2. Break-out Session Theme: ENGAGING COCOA CHAIN VALUE ACTORS TO MEET 2020 CHALLENGE © Copyright 2007 Rainforest Alliance 2
  3. 3. FAST FACTS AND TRENDS • Mars has committed to sourcing 100 percent of its cocoa from sustainable sources by 2020. Currently, its Galaxy chocolate bars bear the green frog seal; in 2012, Mars Bars in the UK and DOVE Brand Silky Smooth Dark Chocolate in the US will both bear the seal. 3
  4. 4. FAST FACTS AND TRENDS • Kraft Foods commit to use only Rainforest Alliance Certified™ cocoa beans across its entire Côte dOr and Marabou lines, • equal to some 30,000 ton of beans by end of 2012 4
  5. 5. FAST FACTS AND TRENDS Crop overview: Cocoa as of October 31, 2012 * SAN Monthly Certification Report 5
  6. 6. FAST FACTS AND TRENDS Choosing Chocolate with a Conscience • rapidly growing "green" or environmental market that help curb climate change and mitigate its impacts . • International market demands certification ensuring products meet the minimum standards • Clearly, we have to compete with other countries to have an international market. 6
  7. 7. There are two standards 1. Group Certification standardGroup 2. Farm standard Farm© Copyright 2007 Rainforest Alliance 7
  8. 8. Basic conditions for certification1) Comply with all the critical criteria (There are 15 of them.)2) Comply with 50% of each principle I (There are 10 principles.)3) Comply with 80% of all the criteria (There are 100 criteria in total.)In case of smallholders, many criteria are non applicable 88
  9. 9. What do we want to protect? Crop Animal s Soil Micro- organisms Health Water Insects Family & Communit y Workers Trees Economic well-being Plants 9
  10. 10. WHY CERTIFICATION??• High demand of certified products• Protect health of farmers family and workers• Conserve the environment, reduce degradation and protects water soil and wildlife• Institute farm comprehensive management system which minimizes Production costs and improves net income• There is added value for the certified products (premiums) 10
  11. 11. Main Topic CONSERVING BIODIVERSITY IN CACAO CERTIFICATION © Copyright 2007 Rainforest Alliance 11
  12. 12. ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION CACAO ARE SHADE CROPS • can flourish under the shade of the forest canopy, where it supports biodiversity • providing habitat for threatened plant and animal species, protecting natural pollinators and cocoa-pest predators, and creating biological corridors. 12
  13. 13. ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION• This enhancement of biodiversity in the agricultural landscape occurs primarily on a local scale—providing homes and food for more generalized forest species that are intolerant of pastures or farm fields 13
  14. 14. ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION If you have any of the following types of area on your farm, these important ecosystem must be protected • Area with indigenous trees • Area with endangered animals or plants • Stream , river , spring • Swamp or wetland • National park or conservation area designated by the government These areas need to be protected because they usually support a rich biodiversity of important species 14
  15. 15. ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION No cutting, no hunting, no farming • In order to protect these areas, it should be prohibited to extract firewood from the area, to hunt wild animals, to cultivate crops or spray chemicals • This needs to be communicated clearly to all the workers and family members 15
  16. 16. ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION Planting of indigenous trees • At the border of the farm • Around water sources • On the steep slopes • Note :No foreign species. Indigenous trees are best adapted to local climate and soil conditions, and can host rich biodiversity 16
  17. 17. ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION Creating buffer zones • It is recommended to create a buffer zone between the conservation area and a farm to ensure that the drift of chemicals and agricultural activities would not affect the conservation area. 17
  18. 18. ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION Connecting ecosystems • For animals and birds to move from one place to the other, they need forest to be connected. • To connect the ecosystems, you can plant trees of the borders of the farm to connect patches of forest or conserve the existing forest conditions. 18
  19. 19. ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION BEWARE !!! INVASIVE PLANT SPECIES Effects on forest ecosystems of some alien species introduced in the Philippines Alien species Effects on the ecosystem Tree species and insect pests Gmelina arborea Host of Ozola minor, Attacus and Xyleutis spp. Acacia mangium Host of Anoplophora luciphor Eucalyptus camaldulensis Host of unidentified termite species Swietenia microphylla Host of Zeuzera coffeae Leucaena leucocephala Host of Heteropsylla cubana Toona ciliata Host of unidentified weevil http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/ag117e/AG117E10.htm 19
  20. 20. ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION BEWARE !!! INVASIVE SPECIES Lantana Camara 20
  21. 21. TRIVIA• According to the Greeks, chocolate – or theobroma – is literally the “food of the gods.”• chocolate contains tryptophan — a chemical that the brain uses to produce serotonin, which can generate feelings of ecstasy or love. Chocolate is also rich in antioxidants 21
  22. 22. Thank you,,,, FOLLOW THE FROG !The Rainforest Alliance works to conserve biodiversity and ensure sustainable livelihoods by transforming land-use practices, business practices and consumer behavior. © Copyright 2007 Rainforest Alliance 22

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