Kk day 2 am 7th speaker DR SOETANTO developing sustainable and effective nutrient management packages for

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Kk day 2 am 7th speaker DR SOETANTO developing sustainable and effective nutrient management packages for

  1. 1. DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE AND EFFECTIVE NUTRIENTMANAGEMENT PACKAGES FOR COCOA PRODUCTION Soetanto Abdoellah INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE CACAO INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION OF MINDANAO, INC. (CIDAMI) AND ACDI/VOCA Apo View Hotel, Davao City, November 21 – 23, 2012
  2. 2. GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) GOOD HANDLING PRACTICES (GHP) Land suitability evaluation Land preparation Nursery Shade Planting Pruning Fertilization, soil-water conservation Pest-disease-weed control Harvesting, processing, storage
  3. 3. LAND• Climate – Dry month max 5/yr• Soil – Effective depth > 60 cm – pH 4,0-8,0 – Loamy texture
  4. 4. Leguminous crops for shade
  5. 5. SHADE & PRUNING• Optimum shade – Leguminous crops – Productive crops Optimum pruning • Time • Frequency
  6. 6. COCOA - AGROFORESTRY
  7. 7. Fertilization1000 kg cocoa dry beans contain :•N : 68,4 kg, equiv. 258 kg Urea•P : 12,6 kg, equiv. 60 kg SP36•K : 145,2 kg, equiv. 290 kg KCl•Mg : 13,6 kg, equiv. 62 kg Kieserit•Ca : 16,4 kg, equiv. 39 kg Dolomite
  8. 8. OPTIMUM FERTILIZATION• Organic – C/N – Dose• Inorganic – Kind – Dose• Based on soil/leaf analysis
  9. 9. Tentative fertilizers for cocoa (When there is no soil analysis results)Age/Stadium Unit Kieserite (NPK) 15-10-20Nursery g/seedling (15) yr g/tree/yr (75) yr g/tree/yr (135) yr g/tree/yr (270) yr g/tree/yr (540) yr g/tree/yr (660) Organic manure 5-20 kg/tree/yr
  10. 10. Soil & Water Conservation• Terrace (for > 15% slope)• Mulching• Pit
  11. 11. Soil & Water Conservation• Water conservation – Biopore – Organic matter – Soil microbes
  12. 12. Pod husk for organic matter source• Healthy pod

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