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Chapter 12 Section 1
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Chapter 12 Section 1

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  • 1. Section 1 Notes
  • 2.  Beginning in the mid-1700s in Great Britain, INDUSTRY began to produce such great changes in society that this time in history became known as the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION.  New MACHINES and FACTORIES took the place of SMALL SHOPS. The FACTORY SYSTEM, using MACHINERY and WORKERS together, made it possible for workers to PRODUCE LARGE QUANTITIES OF GOODS.  NEW INVENTIONS during this time included the SPINNING JENNY, COTTON GIN, and STEAM ENGINE. These and other inventions helped increase production.
  • 3.  The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION reached the UNITED STATES IN THE EARLY 1800s.  The NORTHEAST became the INDUSTRIAL CENTER of the nation: the region had MANY RIVERS and thus could utilize newly developed WATER POWER; many NEW ENGLANDERS realized the profit to be made from factories and thus INVESTED THEIR MONEY in them.  New manufacturing methods such as INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS and the DIVISION OF LABOR helped to make possible the MASS PRODUCTION of goods. This meant that GOODS COULD BE MADE IN LARGE QUANTITIES IN A SHORT TIME FOR LESS COST.
  • 4.  The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION changed many Americans lives’. Many people left FARMS and SHOPS to work in FACTORIES.  WOMEN and CHILDREN made up a large percentage of workers in factories because they could be paid less than men.  CONDITIONS in many factories were HARSH. EMPLOYEES often worked LONG HOURS for LITTLE PAY in an UNSAFE AND UNHEALTHY ENVIRONMENT.  In an effort to improve their working conditions, WORKERS eventually organized into LABOR UNIONS. LABOR UNIONS demanded HIGHER WAGES and BETTER WORKING CONDITIONS.  Because most FACTORIES were located in URBAN AREAS, the nation’s CITIES began to GROW QUICKLY during the early 1800s.

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