Beginning in the mid-1700s in Great Britain,
INDUSTRY began to produce such great changes
in society that this time in history became known
as the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION.
New MACHINES and FACTORIES took the place
of SMALL SHOPS. The FACTORY SYSTEM, using
MACHINERY and WORKERS together, made it
possible for workers to PRODUCE LARGE
QUANTITIES OF GOODS.
NEW INVENTIONS during this time included the
SPINNING JENNY, COTTON GIN, and STEAM
ENGINE. These and other inventions helped
The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION reached the
UNITED STATES IN THE EARLY 1800s.
The NORTHEAST became the INDUSTRIAL
CENTER of the nation: the region had MANY
RIVERS and thus could utilize newly developed
WATER POWER; many NEW ENGLANDERS
realized the profit to be made from factories and
thus INVESTED THEIR MONEY in them.
New manufacturing methods such as
INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS and the DIVISION
OF LABOR helped to make possible the MASS
PRODUCTION of goods. This meant that GOODS
COULD BE MADE IN LARGE QUANTITIES IN A
SHORT TIME FOR LESS COST.
The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION changed many
Americans lives’. Many people left FARMS and SHOPS to
work in FACTORIES.
WOMEN and CHILDREN made up a large percentage of
workers in factories because they could be paid less than
CONDITIONS in many factories were HARSH.
EMPLOYEES often worked LONG HOURS for LITTLE PAY
in an UNSAFE AND UNHEALTHY ENVIRONMENT.
In an effort to improve their working conditions, WORKERS
eventually organized into LABOR UNIONS. LABOR
UNIONS demanded HIGHER WAGES and BETTER
Because most FACTORIES were located in URBAN AREAS,
the nation’s CITIES began to GROW QUICKLY during the