The Industrial Revolution

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The industrial revolution, or market revolution, in America.

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  • The Industrial Revolution

    1. 1. The Industrial Revolution <ul><ul><li>By Drew Lindow </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>Dramatic change in economy </li></ul><ul><li>Subsistence farming </li></ul><ul><li>Made goods for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Cash crops </li></ul><ul><li>Bought/Sold goods </li></ul>Self-Sufficiency Specialization
    3. 3. Key Innovations <ul><li>Textiles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton spinning using a water frame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More cotton mills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Steam Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient semi-automatic factories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Iron Founding </li></ul>
    4. 4. Other Developments <ul><li>Telegraph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instant long distance communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>23,000 miles of wire by 1853 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sewing machines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dropped clothing prices by more than 75% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Steam boats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dropped transportation time and prices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 miles in 1816. 3,300 miles in 1830 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erie canal dropped price to a tenth of the cost of shipping over land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Railroads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster than water transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 miles of track laid by 1850 </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Northeast <ul><li>Shipping and Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Link between America and Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Better goods at lower prices </li></ul>
    6. 6. Midwest <ul><li>Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Steel Plow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented by John Deere </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Reaper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made harvesting much more efficient </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. South <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Relied on cotton, tobacco, and rice </li></ul>
    8. 8. Social Effects Factories Conglomeration of middle class Big cities Urbanization Manchester (Cottonopolis) Industrial workers better paid <ul><li>Better health </li></ul><ul><li>Lower death rates </li></ul><ul><li>More babies </li></ul><ul><li>More youth than adults </li></ul>Child Labor
    9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>Paved way for new era of scientific development </li></ul><ul><li>Improved standard of living. </li></ul>

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