Industrial revolution causes (empty presentation)

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  • Sources of water power: water mills http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCYake4dw6c Minute 8.00
  • Navigable rivers: trade within the country Natural harbours:
  • Colonies supplied with abundant raw material
  • Captured colonial market: textile and iron industries: growing demands 11.00 spinning machines: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCYake4dw6c Iron: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCYake4dw6c 12.00
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HiLwJpY4dFk 2.25 – 4.00
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d4joqYycnqM
  • Video: 5.00 – 7.00
  • Coal mines in the IR: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/coal_mines_industrial_revolution.htm
  • The first commercially successful true engine was the atmospheric engine , invented by Thomas Newcomen around 1712
  • James Watt developed (1763–75) an improved version of Newcomen's engine, with a separate condenser . Boulton and Watt's early engines used half as much coal as John Smeaton 's improved version of Newcomen's. [18]
  • Industrial revolution causes (empty presentation)

    1. 1. BLUE 1ST YEAR - 2013 GREEN 1ST YEAR - 2013 Industrial Revolution
    2. 2. Why did the Industrial Revolution happen? Why in Britain?
    3. 3. Sources of water
    4. 4. 1. Navigable rivers Trade within the country
    5. 5. 2. Natural harbours Ships can move easily, make trade easier
    6. 6. Raw materials and numerous markets
    7. 7. 3. Colonies supplied with abundant raw material
    8. 8. 4. Colonies demanded goods from the textile and iron industries
    9. 9. COAL
    10. 10. 5. Abundant deposits of coal which are easily mined and transported. Coal provides three times more energy than wood. Coal kick-started a revolution in XIII century Britain, a revolution which transformed not only the country but the world itself.
    11. 11. 6. In Britain the mines were near the sea, so ships could carry coal cheaply to the most important market, London.
    12. 12. Scientific and technological new ideas
    13. 13. 7. The demand for coal became larger, but the deeper the miners went the more water there was underground, so it was necessary to pump water out of the mine.
    14. 14. 8. Initially people used horse-driven pumps, but they needed a more effective way to draw water from much deeper.
    15. 15. 9. In 1712 Thomas Newcomen invented the atmospheric engine . It worked by creating a partial vacuum by condensing steam under a piston within a cylinder.
    16. 16. 10. James Watt developed (1763–75) an improved version of Newcomen's engine, with a separate condenser. Boulton and Watt’s early machines used less coal than Newcomen's
    17. 17. 11. Flying shuttle
    18. 18. 12. Spinning Jenny
    19. 19. 13. The water frame

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