Iberian & Roman Art
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Iberian & Roman Art Presentation Transcript

  • 1. THE IBERIAN & ROMAN ART IN SPAIN
  • 2. THE IBERIAN ART
  • 3. When “Second Iron Age” From V to III Century BC
  • 4. • Different cultures… CELT S NS IBERIA GREEKS PHOENICIANSCARTAGINIANS
  • 5. Funerary Monuments (Pozo Moro en M.A.N.)
  • 6. SCULPTURE Religious - funerary sculpture Sanctuaries
  • 7. CARACHTERISTICS Polichrome sandstone From S.V to Roman conquest Mainly seated or standing females (Goddess? Priestess?) Familiar groups Males: heads or busts, warriors Bulls, lions & griffins
  • 8. CARACHTERISTICSBulls, lions & griffinsFor protection
  • 9. CARACHTERISTICSBulls, lions & griffins
  • 10. LADY OF CERRO DE LOS SANTOS  II Century BC  Priestess?  Geometrical clothes  Hieratism
  • 11. LADY OF BAZA Policrome grey stone A hole for ashes at the right side Small bird in one hand (life after death?)
  • 12.  Coiffure or hat with pearls Huge earings Various necklaces Greek influence IV Century BC
  • 13. LADY OF ELCHE Polichrome sandstone IV Century BC Complex headdress Funerary statue? (has an apperture in the rear for ashes) Strong Greek influence
  • 14.  Maybe part of a seated statue?
  • 15.  Maybe part of a seated statue? 56 cm
  • 16. ROMAN ART
  • 17. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Functionalism and Pragmatism•Systematic use of arch and vault•Monumental proportions•Decorative art is associated to architecture•Stone, brick or mortar of concrete
  • 18. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Functionalism and Pragmatism•Systematic use of arch and vault
  • 19. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE Functionalism and PragmatismStone, brick or mortar of concrete
  • 20. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Monumental proportions: they express Greatness of Rome
  • 21. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREDecorative art is associated to architecture: mosaics and frescoes
  • 22. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE Use of Greek orders -Ionic, Doric and Corinthian plus two new orders: Tuscan and ComposedTuscan Doric Ionic Composed Corinthian
  • 23. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Religious architecture•Tombs•Urban architecture•Works of engineering•Buildings for public spectacles•Commemorative buildings
  • 24. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Religious architecture
  • 25. ROMAN ARCHITECTURETombs
  • 26. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREWorks of engineeringAcueduct of Segovia II c BC the most artistic andmonumental engineering work from Roman History.
  • 27. •More than 15 kilometersfrom Fuenfría Springs•It’s 29 meters high
  • 28. Granite stone- roughly carved and placed in a dry way (without mortar)
  • 29. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREWorks of engineering
  • 30. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREBuildings for public spectacles
  • 31. ROMAN SCULPTURE•Marble and Bronze•Realistic•Portraits•Reliefs decorating buildings
  • 32. ROMAN SCULPTURE•Marble•Realistic•Portrait
  • 33. ROMAN SCULPTURE•Marble•Realistic•Portraits
  • 34. ROMAN MOSAICSIn their domestic architecture and in the places of worship.
  • 35. ROMAN MOSAICS2 main styles:Opus tesselatum. Small cubes (1 cm) of different colors
  • 36. ROMAN MOSAICS2 main styles:Opus vermiculatum. Smaller pieces (1-5 mm) to imitate the work of painters.