Iberian & Roman Art

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Iberian & Roman Art

  1. 1. THE IBERIAN & ROMAN ART IN SPAIN
  2. 2. THE IBERIAN ART
  3. 3. When “Second Iron Age” From V to III Century BC
  4. 4. • Different cultures… CELT S NS IBERIA GREEKS PHOENICIANSCARTAGINIANS
  5. 5. Funerary Monuments (Pozo Moro en M.A.N.)
  6. 6. SCULPTURE Religious - funerary sculpture Sanctuaries
  7. 7. CARACHTERISTICS Polichrome sandstone From S.V to Roman conquest Mainly seated or standing females (Goddess? Priestess?) Familiar groups Males: heads or busts, warriors Bulls, lions & griffins
  8. 8. CARACHTERISTICSBulls, lions & griffinsFor protection
  9. 9. CARACHTERISTICSBulls, lions & griffins
  10. 10. LADY OF CERRO DE LOS SANTOS  II Century BC  Priestess?  Geometrical clothes  Hieratism
  11. 11. LADY OF BAZA Policrome grey stone A hole for ashes at the right side Small bird in one hand (life after death?)
  12. 12.  Coiffure or hat with pearls Huge earings Various necklaces Greek influence IV Century BC
  13. 13. LADY OF ELCHE Polichrome sandstone IV Century BC Complex headdress Funerary statue? (has an apperture in the rear for ashes) Strong Greek influence
  14. 14.  Maybe part of a seated statue?
  15. 15.  Maybe part of a seated statue? 56 cm
  16. 16. ROMAN ART
  17. 17. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Functionalism and Pragmatism•Systematic use of arch and vault•Monumental proportions•Decorative art is associated to architecture•Stone, brick or mortar of concrete
  18. 18. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Functionalism and Pragmatism•Systematic use of arch and vault
  19. 19. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE Functionalism and PragmatismStone, brick or mortar of concrete
  20. 20. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Monumental proportions: they express Greatness of Rome
  21. 21. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREDecorative art is associated to architecture: mosaics and frescoes
  22. 22. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE Use of Greek orders -Ionic, Doric and Corinthian plus two new orders: Tuscan and ComposedTuscan Doric Ionic Composed Corinthian
  23. 23. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Religious architecture•Tombs•Urban architecture•Works of engineering•Buildings for public spectacles•Commemorative buildings
  24. 24. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE•Religious architecture
  25. 25. ROMAN ARCHITECTURETombs
  26. 26. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREWorks of engineeringAcueduct of Segovia II c BC the most artistic andmonumental engineering work from Roman History.
  27. 27. •More than 15 kilometersfrom Fuenfría Springs•It’s 29 meters high
  28. 28. Granite stone- roughly carved and placed in a dry way (without mortar)
  29. 29. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREWorks of engineering
  30. 30. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREBuildings for public spectacles
  31. 31. ROMAN SCULPTURE•Marble and Bronze•Realistic•Portraits•Reliefs decorating buildings
  32. 32. ROMAN SCULPTURE•Marble•Realistic•Portrait
  33. 33. ROMAN SCULPTURE•Marble•Realistic•Portraits
  34. 34. ROMAN MOSAICSIn their domestic architecture and in the places of worship.
  35. 35. ROMAN MOSAICS2 main styles:Opus tesselatum. Small cubes (1 cm) of different colors
  36. 36. ROMAN MOSAICS2 main styles:Opus vermiculatum. Smaller pieces (1-5 mm) to imitate the work of painters.

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