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ART AND CULTURE IN
THE MIDDLE AGE
THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
Muslim, Romanesque and Gothic Art.
What kind of artwork?
Why are there no people in it?
2
THE MUSLIM ART: AL ANDALUS
THE ART AND CULTURE IN AL
ANDALUS
THE ART AND CULTURE IN AL
ANDALUS
Great Mosque of Córdoba
The mosque was built
between the 9th and 10th
century, during the
Caliphate
Horseshoe
arch
Marble columns
And capitals.
Ar...
Alcazaba de Badajoz
(Military architecture, 12th cent.)
Square
Towers.
Giralda
XII century
ALHAMBRA, GRANADA (XIV-XV century)
La Alhambra
(14th and 15th century)
CHRISTIAN CULTURE AND
ART
The Romanesque Age (11th-13 cent.)
The Gothic Age (13th-15th century)
Lenguas romances
In the 10th
Century,
Romances
Languages
Substitute
Latin.
Latin was only
preserved
as an official
Languag...
CULTURE INTERACTION
The Reconquest led to the
presence of Jews, Muslims and
Christians in the same kingdoms.
Cultural inte...
The Romanesque style:
• Beginning in Cataluña (11th century)
– Little rural churches and monasteries:
Sta. María de Ripoll...
A) THE BEGINNING: CATALUÑA
S. Pedro de Roda (1040)
The age of
monasteries:
One of the
oldest buildings
In
Romanesque
style.
SANTA MARÍA DE RIPOLL (11th cent.)
It became
an important
Cultural centre
In the XI century
Lot of works were
Translated f...
B) THE WAY OF SAINT
JAMES
ARAGÓN Y NAVARRA: CATHEDRAL OF
JACA
Capital, with King David
playing music.
Monastery of Leyre
Apses
Santiago
de Compostela
The Romanesque
Cathedral was started in
1075 and finished
in the 12th century.
It`s cross-shaped,
W...
Sto. Domingo de Silos
Cloister (beginning 12th century)
Sto. Domingo de Silos
Capitals
Columns
Base
Taqueado
jaqués
San Isodoro de León
Arco
peraltado
Arco
lobulado
Barrel
vault
Bóveda
De arista
San Isodoro de León
Panteón real: wall paintings
(pintura al fresco).
San Martín de Frómista
Triple apse
transept
canecillos
C) ROMÁNICO DEL DUERO
Cathedral of Zamora (12th)
Zamora is the first of the so called “Cimborrios del Duero”
Bell
tower
tr...
Colegiata de Toro
Cimborrio
or transept
highly
decorated
Colegiata de Toro
Transept
(inside)
semicircular
Dome
“cúpula
de media
naranja”
(French-
Byzantine
Influence)
Salamanca (12-13th c.)
Bizantine and muslim
Influence (dome and
decoration)
“Agallas”
ROMANESQUE IN EXTREMADURA:
PLASENCIA CATHEDRAL (13-14th century)
The Way of Saint James
CULTURE AND ART IN
THE LATE MIDDLE
AGES
What do we remember from
Gothic style?
Late Middle age: the rise of a new
culture.
Culture is not only
Religious and rural
any longer:
It is urban and civil,
And...
Gothic style
• Cister style (12th-13th cent):
- Cister monasteries (Piedra, Oseira)
• Classic Gothic (age of cathedrals) (...
Gothic style: Cister
Monasterio de Piedra: Cloister
It is a very austere monastery
style, mixing Romanesque
And Gothic ele...
Císter. OSEIRA: GIROLA / AMBULATORY (13th cent.)
No decoration
Bare walls
Simple capitals
Roman and
Pointed archs.
GOTHIC 13-14th cent.
Religious buildings
• Castilla Cathedrals
León
Burgos
(14th-15th c.)
(flemish/
flamboyant)
Toledo
(13...
GOTHIC (13th-14th cent)
Religious buildings
• Aragón Cathedrals
Cathedral of Palma de Mallorca
Santa María del Mar:
Wide, ...
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
Cathedral of Sevilla
(15 th cent., Flemish)
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
• Military architecture
Manzanares El Real
Castillo de Peñafiel
Torre de los
Púlpitos
(Cáceres,
15th c...
Castillo de la mota,
Medina del Campo (Valladolid)
matacanes
Arrow
Split
(saetera)
gate
Merlons (almenas)
Keep
(torre de h...
Gothic architecture
Civil architecture (Aragón)
Lonja of Valencia
Palacio de la Generalitat
(Barcelona)
Big commercial cit...
Late Gothic Style
ISABELINE STYLE (15th c.)
Palacio del
Infantado
(15th century)
Isabeline style
Decoration is abundant,
A...
Late Gothic Style
ISABELINE STYLE (15th c.)
Palacio del Infantado
(15th century)
Isabeline style
Decoration is abundant,
A...
Isabeline style (15th cent.)
San Gregorio
San Pablo
Arco
flamígero
Coat
Of arms
“goldsmith”
decoration
Bóveda estrellada (Santiago, Cáceres, siglo XVI)
Nervios
Claves
GOTHIC IN EXTREMADURA:
MUDÉJAR – GUADALUPE MONASTERY (Muslim influence)
Pointed
Horseshoe
arch
Brick, plaster
Geometrical
...
PAINTING
Cantigas de Alfonso X
Miniaturas de libros.
Fernando Gallego: pintura flamígera.
SCULPTURE
Tomb of Martín Vázquez in the cathedral of Sigüenza
- Matacanes
- Arco de dovela
- Arco apuntado
- Arco de medio punto
- Arco flamígero.
- Arco rebajado/escarzano
- Doble arc...
Unit 5   art and culture in the iberian peninsula
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Unit 5 art and culture in the iberian peninsula

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Unit 5 art and culture in the iberian peninsula

  1. 1. ART AND CULTURE IN THE MIDDLE AGE THE IBERIAN PENINSULA Muslim, Romanesque and Gothic Art.
  2. 2. What kind of artwork? Why are there no people in it? 2 THE MUSLIM ART: AL ANDALUS
  3. 3. THE ART AND CULTURE IN AL ANDALUS
  4. 4. THE ART AND CULTURE IN AL ANDALUS
  5. 5. Great Mosque of Córdoba
  6. 6. The mosque was built between the 9th and 10th century, during the Caliphate Horseshoe arch Marble columns And capitals. Arco doble “de entibo”
  7. 7. Alcazaba de Badajoz (Military architecture, 12th cent.) Square Towers.
  8. 8. Giralda XII century
  9. 9. ALHAMBRA, GRANADA (XIV-XV century)
  10. 10. La Alhambra (14th and 15th century)
  11. 11. CHRISTIAN CULTURE AND ART The Romanesque Age (11th-13 cent.) The Gothic Age (13th-15th century)
  12. 12. Lenguas romances In the 10th Century, Romances Languages Substitute Latin. Latin was only preserved as an official Language in the Church and universities.
  13. 13. CULTURE INTERACTION The Reconquest led to the presence of Jews, Muslims and Christians in the same kingdoms. Cultural interaction between 11th and 13th century between the three cultures was common.
  14. 14. The Romanesque style: • Beginning in Cataluña (11th century) – Little rural churches and monasteries: Sta. María de Ripoll, san Pedro de Roda • The way of Saint James (12th century) – Cathedrals and pilgrimage churches. Frómista, Jaca, Santiago, Isidoro de León, Silos • The Late Romanesque of Duero (12-13th) – The Romanesque art in the south: Salamanca, Zamora, Toro…
  15. 15. A) THE BEGINNING: CATALUÑA S. Pedro de Roda (1040) The age of monasteries: One of the oldest buildings In Romanesque style.
  16. 16. SANTA MARÍA DE RIPOLL (11th cent.) It became an important Cultural centre In the XI century Lot of works were Translated from Arab to latin. It became the main Cross point betwee Europe and Al Andalus.
  17. 17. B) THE WAY OF SAINT JAMES ARAGÓN Y NAVARRA: CATHEDRAL OF JACA Capital, with King David playing music.
  18. 18. Monastery of Leyre Apses
  19. 19. Santiago de Compostela The Romanesque Cathedral was started in 1075 and finished in the 12th century. It`s cross-shaped, With three naves and ambulatory. triforio
  20. 20. Sto. Domingo de Silos Cloister (beginning 12th century)
  21. 21. Sto. Domingo de Silos Capitals Columns Base Taqueado jaqués
  22. 22. San Isodoro de León Arco peraltado Arco lobulado Barrel vault Bóveda De arista
  23. 23. San Isodoro de León Panteón real: wall paintings (pintura al fresco).
  24. 24. San Martín de Frómista Triple apse transept canecillos
  25. 25. C) ROMÁNICO DEL DUERO Cathedral of Zamora (12th) Zamora is the first of the so called “Cimborrios del Duero” Bell tower transept
  26. 26. Colegiata de Toro Cimborrio or transept highly decorated
  27. 27. Colegiata de Toro Transept (inside) semicircular Dome “cúpula de media naranja” (French- Byzantine Influence)
  28. 28. Salamanca (12-13th c.) Bizantine and muslim Influence (dome and decoration) “Agallas”
  29. 29. ROMANESQUE IN EXTREMADURA: PLASENCIA CATHEDRAL (13-14th century)
  30. 30. The Way of Saint James
  31. 31. CULTURE AND ART IN THE LATE MIDDLE AGES What do we remember from Gothic style?
  32. 32. Late Middle age: the rise of a new culture. Culture is not only Religious and rural any longer: It is urban and civil, And with new goals Library from the University Of Salamanca (1215)
  33. 33. Gothic style • Cister style (12th-13th cent): - Cister monasteries (Piedra, Oseira) • Classic Gothic (age of cathedrals) (13-14th cent.) – Castilla: León, Toledo. - Aragón: Barcelona, Mallorca. • Late Gothic (15-16th cent.) (Flemish and isabeline style) – Civil buildings: castles, palaces and lonjas (stocking exchange), townhalls… – Cathedrals: Sevilla, Burgos, Salamanca…
  34. 34. Gothic style: Cister Monasterio de Piedra: Cloister It is a very austere monastery style, mixing Romanesque And Gothic elements. Ribbed vault “nervios” “clave” Pointed arch Butresses No decoration
  35. 35. Císter. OSEIRA: GIROLA / AMBULATORY (13th cent.) No decoration Bare walls Simple capitals Roman and Pointed archs.
  36. 36. GOTHIC 13-14th cent. Religious buildings • Castilla Cathedrals León Burgos (14th-15th c.) (flemish/ flamboyant) Toledo (13th century) Built under French influence (rose windows, pinnacles, flying buttresses…) “Agujas” Spires
  37. 37. GOTHIC (13th-14th cent) Religious buildings • Aragón Cathedrals Cathedral of Palma de Mallorca Santa María del Mar: Wide, high and very austere.
  38. 38. GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE Cathedral of Sevilla (15 th cent., Flemish)
  39. 39. GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE • Military architecture Manzanares El Real Castillo de Peñafiel Torre de los Púlpitos (Cáceres, 15th cent.) Segovia
  40. 40. Castillo de la mota, Medina del Campo (Valladolid) matacanes Arrow Split (saetera) gate Merlons (almenas) Keep (torre de homenaje)
  41. 41. Gothic architecture Civil architecture (Aragón) Lonja of Valencia Palacio de la Generalitat (Barcelona) Big commercial cities like Barcelona or Valencia will create civil Buildings for trade and government.
  42. 42. Late Gothic Style ISABELINE STYLE (15th c.) Palacio del Infantado (15th century) Isabeline style Decoration is abundant, And sometimes it is done in such a small scale that seems the Work of goldsmiths. Arcos flamígeros Diamond decoration Flamígero o conopial Escarzano o rebajado
  43. 43. Late Gothic Style ISABELINE STYLE (15th c.) Palacio del Infantado (15th century) Isabeline style Decoration is abundant, And sometimes it is done in such a small scale that seems the Work of goldsmiths. Casa de las Conchas (Salamanca)
  44. 44. Isabeline style (15th cent.) San Gregorio San Pablo Arco flamígero Coat Of arms “goldsmith” decoration
  45. 45. Bóveda estrellada (Santiago, Cáceres, siglo XVI) Nervios Claves
  46. 46. GOTHIC IN EXTREMADURA: MUDÉJAR – GUADALUPE MONASTERY (Muslim influence) Pointed Horseshoe arch Brick, plaster Geometrical decoration Cloister, 1405
  47. 47. PAINTING Cantigas de Alfonso X Miniaturas de libros. Fernando Gallego: pintura flamígera.
  48. 48. SCULPTURE Tomb of Martín Vázquez in the cathedral of Sigüenza
  49. 49. - Matacanes - Arco de dovela - Arco apuntado - Arco de medio punto - Arco flamígero. - Arco rebajado/escarzano - Doble arco de herradura - Alfiz - Espadaña - Coat of arms. - Gargoyles. - Buttresses. - Pinnacles. - Rose windows - Canecillos. - Balcón esquinado - Almohadillado

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