Ancien regime iii

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Ancien regime iii

  1. 1. ART DURING THE ENLIGHTENMENT
  2. 2. NEW STYLES ROCOCO TWO NEW ARTISTIC STYLES DURING THE 18th CENTURY NEOCLASSICISM
  3. 3. ROCOCO • What is Rococo style? The Rococo was a popular artistic style between the 1730s and 1760s. It reflected the aesthetic tastes of nobility, who wanted homes and decorations that represented the joy of life. The swing, by Fragonard
  4. 4. ROCOCO ARCHITECTURE • • • • • • • • • • Rococo interiors (inside the building) Irregular forms Curves A lot of decoration in ceilings and walls inside the palaces. A lot of furniture, courtains and other luxury objects. Seashells and floral elements. What is it? It is a room of the Hôtel de Soubise in Paris. Who did it? Germain Boffrand Which is its approximate date? 1735-1740 How is it? There is a lot of decoration in ceilings and walls. Arquitecture and furniture show irregular forms and a lot of curves. There are some luxury objects on some furniture. • • What information from the past does it give us? It reflects the aesthetic tastes of the nobility, who wanted homes and decorations that represented the joys of life. The nobility tried to resist changes that would reduce their dominance due to the ideas of Enlightenment. What was it used for? (function) The Hôtel de Soubise was a palace built for the Prince and Princess de Soubise in Paris.
  5. 5. ROCOCO IN SPAIN • • • • • • What is it? It is the Gasparini Salon in the Royal Palace in Madrid. Who did it? Gasparini Which is its approximate date? 1735-1740 How is it? There is a lot of decoration in ceilings and walls. Arquitecture and furniture show irregular forms and a lot of curves. There are a lot of luxury objects on some furniture. What information from the past does it give us? It reflects the aesthetic tastes of the nobility, who wanted homes and decorations that represented the joys of life. The nobility tried to resist changes that would reduce their dominance due to the ideas of Enlightenment. What was it used for? (function) Charles III used this room for both receiving guests and as a dressing room.
  6. 6. ROCOCO SCULPTURE • • • • • • • They were often small and represented joyful and mythological themes. What is it? It is Bouchardon´s Cupid. Who did it? Bouchardon Which is its approximately date? 1750 How is it? It is sculpted in marble and depicts a mythological theme: Cupid, the Roman god of love. What information from the past does it give us? It reflects the aesthetic tastes of the nobility, who wanted decorations that represented the joys of life. The nobility tried to resist changes that would reduce their dominance due to the ideas of Enlightenment. What was it used for? (function) To decorate the nobility´s palaces with the representation of the joys of life.
  7. 7. ROCOCO PAINTING • • They used pastel colours. They represented mythological themes, rural festivals and domestic scenes. • • • • • What is it? It is «Rinaldo and Armida» Who did it? François Boucher Which is its approximate date? 1734 How is it? It uses pastel colours and represents a scene of a poem by an Italian poet, about the Christian Rinaldo being bewitched by the magician Armida. • What information from the past does it give us? It reflects the aesthetic tastes of the nobility, who wanted decorations that represented the joys of life. The nobility tried to resist changes that would reduce their dominance due to the ideas of Enlightenment. What was it used for? (function) To decorate the nobility´s palaces with the representation of the joys of life.
  8. 8. NEOCLASSICISM • • • • • What is Neoclassicism? It was an artistic style that was popular in Europe between the 1760s and 1830s. It imitated classical art and reflected the aesthetic tastes of Enlightenment thinkers and the middle class. They rejected the leisurely lifestyle of the nobility and Rococo´s excessive decoration. It reflected ideas of order and moral correctness. Puerta de Alcalá, by Sabatini
  9. 9. NEOCLASSICISM ARCHITECTURE • • • • • • • • Buildings were well-proportioned They used classical elements: o Rounded arches o Columns o Domes Straight lines were used. They built balanced, simetrical and solid buildings. What is it? It is the Pantheon in Paris. Who did it? Soufflot. Which is its approximately date? How is it? It is a building made of stone. It uses classical features, such as classical columns, corinthian capitals, pediments decorated with scuptures and a dome. Lines are straight and show a well-proportioned building. • • What information from the past does it give us? It reflects the aesthetic tastes of the Enlighenment thinkers and the middle class. It reflects the ideas of order and moral correctness. What was it used for? (function) First, it was thought to be a church. During the French Revolution, it became the mausoleum of great Frenchmen.
  10. 10. NEOCLASSICISM IN SPAIN • • • • • What is it? The former Gabinete de Ciencias Naturales, which is now the Prado Museum in Madrid. Who did it? Villanueva. Which is its approximately date? 1786 How is it? It is a building made of stone. It uses classical features, such as classical columns, doric capitals, pediments decorated with scuptures and a dome. Lines are straight and show a wellproportioned building. What information from the past does it give us? It reflects the aesthetic tastes of the Enlighenment thinkers. It reflects the ideas of order and moral correctness. • What was it used for? (function) It was built for the Gabinete de Ciencias Naturales in Spain.
  11. 11. NEOCLASSICISM SCULPTURE • • • • • • • • They were made of marble They represented mythological themes or famous people. What is it? It is «Eros and Psique» Who did it? Canovas Which is its approximately date? 1793 How is it? It is made of marble. It represents the mythological scene of Eros and Psique. What information from the past does it give us? It reflects the aesthetic tastes of the Enlighenment thinkers and the middle class. It reflects the ideas of order and moral correctness. What was it used for? (function) It was a new interpretation of the classical sculpture.
  12. 12. NEOCLASSICISM IN SPAIN • • • • • What is it? The Cibeles Fountain, in the Plaza de Cibeles, Madrid. Who did it? Ventura Rodríguez. Which is its approximately date? 1782 How is it? It is sculpted in marble and depicts a mythological theme: a chariot pulled by lions driven by Ceres, the Roman goddess of fertility. What information from the past does it give us? It reflects the aesthetic tastes of the Enlighenment thinkers. It reflects the ideas of order and moral correctness. • What was it used for? (function) It was a new interpretation of the classical sculpture. It was used to beautify that square of Madrid, following the orders of Carlos III, who wanted to remodel the city.
  13. 13. NEOCLASSICISM PAINTING • • • • • • People are painted like statues. The themes were frequently mythological or historical, with idealised images of famous people. What is it? It is «El juramento de los Horacios» Who did it? Jacques-Louis David Which is its approximately date? 1784 How is it? Figures are painted as if they were statues. It represents the Roman greeting. • • What information from the past does it give us? It reflects the aesthetic tastes of the Enlighenment thinkers and the middle class. It reflects the ideas of order and moral correctness. What was it used for? (function) It was a new interpretation of the classical themes.
  14. 14. • Elaborated by Prof. Mª Isabel Aguña Aguerri Social Science bilingual teacher

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