 Focuses  more on the IDEAL form Skilled painters Vase painting Invented the nude in art
 Vase  paintings told  stories about  Gods, heroes and wars. The earliest vase art was  referred to as  GEOMETRIC style ...
Late Geometric pyxis, British   Interior (tondo) of a red figureMuseum.                         kylix, depicting Herakles ...
• Ideal form • Focus on athletic and intellectual   strength • No longer stiff or static • Male nudes were more commonDisc...
The WingedVictory ofSamothrace   Nike of Samothracec. 220–190 BCParian marbleLouvre, Paris
 Known   primarily for temples and open air  theatres Usually built on higher elevations Division of style into three d...
• Oldest    • Simplest    • ParthenonParthenon, Temple to Athena
• Female version of the  Doric• Developed in Ionian  Islands• Temple to Athena
• Named after cityof Corinth• Used least bythe Greeks• Apollo Epicuriusat Bassae.
 Architecture Painting Sculptures Mosaics Gem  and Ivory etching Metal work
 Had   a high regard for Greek art, many  times the Romans would copy their work  or take original Greek pieces with them...
   Strong sense of                  political presence.CuirassStatue ofMarcusAurelius, Louvre
   Columns and arches   50,000 capacity   144 ft tall, 4 stories   76 entrances plus 4    private entrances
 Luxury  resort community buried under 18 ft  of ash from Mt Vesuvius Simple items such as a loaf of bread were  found a...
 http://www.constitutionfacts.com/constitutio n-poster-design-contest/
Greek and Roman Art
Greek and Roman Art
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Greek and Roman Art

1,264 views

Published on

A brief introduction into Greek and Roman art

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,264
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
55
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
48
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Discovered 1863, head and arms never found but hand/fingers were in 1950, commissioned for a naval victory
  • The oldest, simplest, and most massive of the three Greek orders is the Doric, which was applied to temples beginning in the 7th century B.C. As shown in Figure 2, columns are placed close together and are often without bases. Their shafts are sculpted with concave curves called flutes. The capitals are plain with a rounded section at the bottom, known as the echinus, and a square at the top, called the abacus. The entablature has a distinctive frieze decorated with vertical channels, or triglyphs. In between the triglyphs are spaces, called metopes, which were commonly sculpted with figures and ornamentation. The frieze is separated from the architrave by a narrow band called the regula. Together, these elements formed a rectangular structure surrounded by a double row of columns that conveyed a bold unity. The Doric order reached its pinnacle of perfection in the Parthenon. Temple to Athena
  • The next order to be developed by the Greeks was the Ionic (see Figure 3). It is called Ionic because it developed in the Ionian islands in the 6th century B.C. Roman historian Vitruvius compared this delicate order to a female form, in contrast to the stockier "male" Doric order.The Ionic was used for smaller buildings and interiors. It's easy to recognize because of the two scrolls, called volutes, on its capital. The volutes may have been based on nautilus shells or animal horns.Between the volutes is a curved section that is often carved with oval decorations known as egg and dart. Above the capital, the entablature is narrower than the Doric, with a frieze containing a continuous band of sculpture. One of the earliest and most striking examples of the Ionic order is the tiny Temple to Athena Nike at the entrance to the Athens Acropolis. It was designed and built by Callicrates from about 448-421 B.C.
  • The third order is the Corinthian, which wasn't used much by the Greeks. It is named after the city of Corinth, where sculptor Callimachus supposedly invented it by at the end of the 5th century B.C. after he spotted a goblet surrounded by leaves. As shown in Figure 4, the Corinthian is similar to the Ionic order in its base, column, and entablature, but its capital is far more ornate, carved with two tiers of curly acanthus leaves. The oldest known Corinthian column stands inside the 5th-century temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae.
  • They would wear their art, and display art in their homes
  • Marcus Aurelius (April 26, 121 - March 17, 180) was the last of the five "good" emperors of Rome and a major Stoic philosopher.Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (born Marcus AnniusVerus) reigned from from A.D. 161-180. As Roman emperor, Marcus Aurelius followed Emperor Antoninus Pius (the husband of a paternal aunt of Marcus Aurelius) who had adopted Aurelius as heir. In 145, Marcus Aurelius married his cousin Faustina, the daughter of Antoninus Pius. Marcus Aurelius originally co-ruled with Lucius Aurelius Verus who commanded the eastern campaigns and died suddenly in 169.
  • Tarps that shielded fans from the elements, special coverings so people couldn’t fall
  • Greek and Roman Art

    1. 1.  Focuses more on the IDEAL form Skilled painters Vase painting Invented the nude in art
    2. 2.  Vase paintings told stories about Gods, heroes and wars. The earliest vase art was referred to as GEOMETRIC style because of it’s uses of geometric shape. Black-figure olpe (wine vessel) by the Amasis Painter, depiciting Herakles and Athena, circa 540 BC, Louvre.
    3. 3. Late Geometric pyxis, British Interior (tondo) of a red figureMuseum. kylix, depicting Herakles and Athena, by Phoinix (potter) and Douris (painter), circa 480-470 BC, Antikensammlungen Munich.
    4. 4. • Ideal form • Focus on athletic and intellectual strength • No longer stiff or static • Male nudes were more commonDiscobolos (The Discus Thrower) byMyron in the Museo NazionaleRomano, Rome
    5. 5. The WingedVictory ofSamothrace Nike of Samothracec. 220–190 BCParian marbleLouvre, Paris
    6. 6.  Known primarily for temples and open air theatres Usually built on higher elevations Division of style into three defined orders, DORIC ORDER, IONIC ORDER, and CORINTHIAN ORDER.
    7. 7. • Oldest • Simplest • ParthenonParthenon, Temple to Athena
    8. 8. • Female version of the Doric• Developed in Ionian Islands• Temple to Athena
    9. 9. • Named after cityof Corinth• Used least bythe Greeks• Apollo Epicuriusat Bassae.
    10. 10.  Architecture Painting Sculptures Mosaics Gem and Ivory etching Metal work
    11. 11.  Had a high regard for Greek art, many times the Romans would copy their work or take original Greek pieces with them as the conquered other areas. Roman became less idealized & intellectual and more secular & functional This practical and innovative work produced bridges, sewers, roads & aqueducts.
    12. 12.  Strong sense of political presence.CuirassStatue ofMarcusAurelius, Louvre
    13. 13.  Columns and arches 50,000 capacity 144 ft tall, 4 stories 76 entrances plus 4 private entrances
    14. 14.  Luxury resort community buried under 18 ft of ash from Mt Vesuvius Simple items such as a loaf of bread were found as well as complete villas. Paintings & mosaics discovered http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/roman s/pompeii_art_gallery.shtml
    15. 15.  http://www.constitutionfacts.com/constitutio n-poster-design-contest/

    ×