IFPRI Oxfam America Policy Roundtable -- Joseph Glauber
Food Security and the G20 Joseph W. Glauber, USDA IFPRI-OXFAM America Policy Series May 1, 2012
Declining real maize, wheat and2005$/bu soybean pricesDeflated by GDP implicit price deflator, 2005 = 100 (BEA 2011)
Historical Price VolatilityPercent Source: Chicago Mercantile Exchange
G20 Action Plan of Food Price Volatility Ag Market Information System (AMIS)/Rapid Response Forum Global Ag Geo-monitoring Initiative (GEOGLAM) Wheat Initiative Tropical Ag Platform Platform for Ag Risk Management
Sources of Growth in Crop Production to Meet Global Food Needs by 2050 (percent) Arable land Increases in Yield increases expansion cropping intensity All developing 21 8 71 countries sub-Saharan Africa 25 6 69 Near East/N. Africa -7 17 90 Latin America/Carib 30 18 52 South Asia 5 8 87 East Asia 2 12 86 World 9 14 77Source: Bruinsma (2009)
US agricultural output, input, and total factor productivity (TFP) indexes 1948 = 100Source: USDA, Economic Research Service
Trends in public and private food and agricultural research spending in the United StatesBillion 2006 US $Source: Fuglie et al. 2011
Enhancing Global Ag Research CollaborationConvene regular Meetings of Ag ChiefScientists (MACS)Goals: – Identify global research priorities and targets – Facilitate research collaboration by public and private sector research organizations – Track progress on established research goalsWork within appropriate existingmechanisms (eg, GCARD, CGIAR, TAP,GRA)
Potential Research PlatformsOpen access to scholarly publications andother technical documentationOpen access to germplasm collectionsOpen access to genomic and genetic dataImproving agricultural innovation systemsImproving agricultural statistics
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