IFPRI Oxfam America Policy Roundtable -- Joseph Glauber
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IFPRI Oxfam America Policy Roundtable -- Joseph Glauber

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IFPRI Oxfam America Policy Roundtable: Food Security & the G2O -- presentation by Joseph Glauber on May 1, 2012

IFPRI Oxfam America Policy Roundtable: Food Security & the G2O -- presentation by Joseph Glauber on May 1, 2012

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IFPRI Oxfam America Policy Roundtable -- Joseph Glauber IFPRI Oxfam America Policy Roundtable -- Joseph Glauber Presentation Transcript

  • Food Security and the G20 Joseph W. Glauber, USDA IFPRI-OXFAM America Policy Series May 1, 2012
  • Declining real maize, wheat and2005$/bu soybean pricesDeflated by GDP implicit price deflator, 2005 = 100 (BEA 2011)
  • Historical Price VolatilityPercent Source: Chicago Mercantile Exchange
  • G20 Action Plan of Food Price Volatility Ag Market Information System (AMIS)/Rapid Response Forum Global Ag Geo-monitoring Initiative (GEOGLAM) Wheat Initiative Tropical Ag Platform Platform for Ag Risk Management
  • Sources of Growth in Crop Production to Meet Global Food Needs by 2050 (percent) Arable land Increases in Yield increases expansion cropping intensity All developing 21 8 71 countries sub-Saharan Africa 25 6 69 Near East/N. Africa -7 17 90 Latin America/Carib 30 18 52 South Asia 5 8 87 East Asia 2 12 86 World 9 14 77Source: Bruinsma (2009)
  • US agricultural output, input, and total factor productivity (TFP) indexes 1948 = 100Source: USDA, Economic Research Service
  • Trends in public and private food and agricultural research spending in the United StatesBillion 2006 US $Source: Fuglie et al. 2011
  • From Heisey, Wang and Fuglie 2011
  • Enhancing Global Ag Research CollaborationConvene regular Meetings of Ag ChiefScientists (MACS)Goals: – Identify global research priorities and targets – Facilitate research collaboration by public and private sector research organizations – Track progress on established research goalsWork within appropriate existingmechanisms (eg, GCARD, CGIAR, TAP,GRA)
  • Potential Research PlatformsOpen access to scholarly publications andother technical documentationOpen access to germplasm collectionsOpen access to genomic and genetic dataImproving agricultural innovation systemsImproving agricultural statistics