Family Poultry development towards the achievement of the UN Millennium Development Goals Photo Prof. Dr. Gouranga Ch. Chanda Antonio Rota IFAD Senior Technical Adviser Livestock and Farming Systems 7th International Poultry Show and Seminar Dhaka, 25-27 March, 2011
International Fund for Agriculture Development - IFAD Enabling the rural poor to overcome poverty
The world’s population is projected to grow from 6.8 billion to 9.1 billion by 2050
Agriculture production in the developing countries would need to almost double
Factors determining rural poverty Lack of assets, land and water Lack of access to financial services & technology Risk and vulnerability Lack of political representation for rural poor Conflicts and Crises Inappropriate government policies Poor integration with local, regional & international markets Lack of skills and weak organizations
Contribute to human nutrition providing food with high quality macro and micronutrients
Generate small income and provide the potential to ‘bank’ savings, which enhances the capacity to cope with shocks and reduces economic vulnerability
In times of crises (i.e. drought, flooding, conflicts), play an important role as ‘mobile’ food asset
MDG 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (nutrition)
Poverty leads to a human diet that is lacking in diversity:
Low in vitamin A, vitamin B-12, riboflavin, calcium, iron and zinc
Causes anemia, poor growth, rickets, impaired cognitive performance, blindness, neuromuscular deficits, and in the worst cases death.
Foods of animal origin are particularly rich sources of all six of these nutrients, and relatively small amounts of these foods can improve the quality of the total diet substantially (Murphy and Allen, 2003).
40-50% of eggs and poultry produced is self-consumed.
Data from Dr. Frands Dolberg
Poultry used for poverty alleviation helps increase equity of consumption of other (animal) products: Bangladesh. MDG 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (nutrition) Data from Dr. Frands Dolberg 1.2 Grain 3.0 Milk 2.0 Meat (beef and goat) 1.2 Fish 2.4 Chicken meat 2.5 Eggs Increase in consumption by factor: Food item
MDG 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (impact)
Impact of the Village Poultry Programme
Profitability 91.0 %
Interest to keep Poultry 95.7%
Family egg consumption 88.9%
Chicken meat consumption 67.7%
Egg selling 87.5%
Data from FAO, 2006
MDG 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (impact) 23-40 USD per month n.a. Avg. income per month for Women Poultry Group Leader providing services (i.e. vaccination) n.a. 10-12 USD Avg. income per month from chicken 144 USD (max. 250 USD) 12-13 USD (max. 30 USD) Avg. income per month from eggs 2410 eggs (max. 2830 eggs) 125 eggs (max. 309 eggs) Avg. eggs per year 15.4 hens 2.5 hens (max. 5.7 hens) Flock size Improved Poultry Traditional Poultry Afghanistan
Comparison of profitability of different rural poultry enterprises Bangladesh: (Taka per year) Data from Dr. Meherunnesa Chowdhury Sumy Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University MDG 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (impact) BCR: Benefit Cost Ratio 8.41 3.09 3802.14 2933.94 527.88 1396.08 4329.99 Poultry Worker 2.43 2.08 20349.67 17999.04 13606.74 15957.37 33956.41 Mini Hatchery 1.24 1.11 16184.43 7636.77 65130.73 73678.23 81315.00 Model Breeder 5.99 3.86 17529.04 16326.83 4568.21 5770.42 22097.25 Key Rearer 1.60 1.51 37947.09 34336.87 62313.36 65923.58 100260.45 Chick Rearer BCR (Cash Cost) BCR (Full cost) Gross margin Net Return Cash cost Gross cost Gross Return Components
Manure from poultry contributes to increase vegetable production
MDG 8. Develop a global partnership for development
Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system.
Address the special needs of the least developed countries
Net Export Net Import 2015: -2,360 2030: -3,520 2015: -2,950 2030: -4,000 2015: -80 2030: -410 2015: 1,770 2030: 2,770 2015: -280 2030: -740 North America Latin America Sub-Saharan Africa European Union (15) Transition Countries South Asia East Asia Oceania Near East / North Africa 2015: -1,900 2030: -1,090 Source: FAO 2002 Projected Net Trade In Meat (thousand MTs)
MDG 8. Develop a global partnership for development
Specific actions and policies are required to reduce transaction costs and barriers to market access which presently hamper poor (producers and consumers) to benefit from global livestock trade and growing demand for livestock products
Conclusions Double the daily income of USD 1? Generate employment? QUESTION: By keeping SMALL LIVESTOCK is it possible for poor resource persons to: Improve (child) nutrition? Contribute empowering women? Improve (child) health?
Ensure environmental sustainability?
Unfortunately without additional efforts, several of the MDGs are unlikely to be achieved in many countries
International and national institutions, policy and decision makers are still reluctant to support the development of the SL sector
WHAT DO WE NEED TO MAKE A REAL CHANGE?
Raise the awareness of decision-makers in national governments and donor agencies about the effectiveness of rural poultry as a tool for poverty reduction.
Effective and consistent national pro-poor policies which are crucial to capitalise on the opportunities offered by the increasing demand for livestock products and poverty-focused agendas of several countries;
Livestock farmers institutions which can help to voice their needs and facilitate the provision of services and inputs to the farming communities;
Participatory adaptive research which is needed to identify appropriate technologies/models which are pro-poor, sustainable, economically viable and environmentally sound;
Adapted Extension and Training for capacity building, especially for women;
Market led approach by producers supported by effective/accessible/qualitative services (breeding, veterinary services, credit, processing, marketing, extension/training, etc.) and infrastructures;
Personal commitment from “like minded” people to advocate for pro-poor development to achieve the MDGs through the promotion of the SL sector.
IFAD is prepared to work together with national/international institutions committed to pro-poor livestock to:
Develop a business-like approach to sensitise national policy, decision makers and donors about the effectiveness of rural poultry development to reduce poverty. This entails:
Identifying rural poultry development projects , models and approaches (i.e. Bangladesh model developed by the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) and the Government of Bangladesh) that “work” and characterise their key success factors for up-scaling.
Gathering socio-economic data to demonstrate the return in terms of poverty reduction for each 1 USD invested in poultry production.
Identifying examples of effective national policies enhancing food security and supporting smallholder poultry farmers business.
Developing regional/national project proposals for substantial investments in the rural poultry sector in partnership with the private sector.
Thank you Antonio Rota ( [email_address] ) IFAD, Senior Technical Adviser Livestock and Farming Systems Policy and Technical Advisory Division Via Paolo di Dono 44 00142 Rome, Italy Tel. +39 06 5459 2680 Fax + 39 06 5459 3680 Please join the Community of Practice for Pro-Poor Livestock Development www.cop-ppld.net