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Sustainable and productive farming systems: The livestock sector


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Sustainable and productive farming systems: The livestock sector- Dr Jimmy Smith, Director General, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)

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Sustainable and productive farming systems: The livestock sector

  1. 1. Sustainable and productive farming systems The livestock sector --POINTS TO PONDER-- Jimmy Smith
  2. 2. POINT # 1: Demand-driven ‘livestock revolution’is on-going Rosegrant et al. 2009
  3. 3. POINT # 2: Did you know 7of 9 highest valuecommodities are livestock? (40% of Ag GDP)
  4. 4. POINT # 3: Livestock in developing world – Small holders are crucialPopulation: 18.5 billion domestic animals -70% of global populationAsset value: $1.4 trillionLivelihood: For over 1b people(more than 60% are women)Food and nutrition security: 17% global kilocalories; 33% protein;Other: >50% of soil fertility amendments in poor countries 4
  5. 5. POINT # 4: Growth is occurring in evey region (2000 – 2030) 80% livestock products sold in informal 5 markets and small farms FAO, 2012
  6. 6. POINT # 5: Small holders, mostly women, cancontribute more in AfricaPeople: 300 million people earning <$2 a day depend on livestock:Livestock : Cattle: 240 million head (16% of global total) Pigs : 25 million(3%); Poultry 1.5 billion (8%); Sheep & goats: 500 million (25%) 0 or no data Density of poor livestock keepers Density of poor ILRI, 2012 livestock keepers
  7. 7. POINT # 6: Crop-livestock systems dominate Herrero et al. 2009
  8. 8. POINT # 9: Productivity gaps are large andconstraints are many Up to 130% for beef, 430% for milk, even among existing breeds. Estimates suggest 50−70% deficits in feed relative to genetic potential Animal diseases cause high morbidity and mortality rates Risk and vulnerability high in dry areas CARBON FOOTPRINT PER UNIT OF PRODUCT CAN BE CUT BY INCREASING PRODUCTIVITY
  9. 9. POINT # 8: Solution driven and transformative R4D requires novel partnerships R4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Consumers Major intervention with development partners Value chain development team + research partners Strategic Cross-cutting Platforms • Technology Generation • Market Innovation • Targeting & Impact INTERVENTIONS TO GLOBAL RESEARCH SCALE OUT REGIONALLY PUBLIC GOODS
  10. 10. Key messages Livestock sector growth is taking place world wide and is demand led Small holders –particularly women, can increased their participation if enabled: benefits would be food and nutrition security, poverty reduction and economic growth R & D partnerships are required to promote the appropriate policy and institutional environment, facilitate access to markets and close productivity gaps 10
  11. 11. ResearchBiophysical research • Increasing productivity (feed-breed-health) • Protecting livestock assets –vaccines, insurance • Livestock and the environment – in both directions (PES)Institutional • Conducive policies • Equitable, gender sensitive market and service provision models • Business enterprise models • Evidence to guide public and private sector roles and investments in livestockSystems transition • Better understanding of crop-livestock systems dynamics • Plausible futures analysis/modeling to inform policy and investment options
  12. 12. To eat or not to eat . . . meat, milk and fish1 billion 2 billionundernourished overweight