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Better lives through livestock

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Presented by Jimmy Smith, Director General, ILRI, at the 14th CGIAR Fund Council Meeting, Washington, D.C., 3-5 November 2015


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Better lives through livestock

  1. 1. Better lives through livestock Jimmy Smith, Director General, ILRI, Kenya Presented to the CGIAR Fund Council, Washington DC, 2 November 2015
  2. 2. Animalsourcefoods: 5of6highestvalueglobalcommodities (totalvalueofthesefour:USInt$715billion) FAOSTAT 2015 (values for 2013) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 0 50 100 150 200 250 Production(MT)millions Netproductionvalue(Int$)billion net production value (Int $) billion production (MT) Cow milk has overtaken rice
  3. 3. Gains in meat consumption in developing countries are outpacing those of developed 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1980 1990 2002 2015 2030 2050 Millionmetrictonnes developing developed developing at same per cap. as developed (hypothetical) Africa’s food import bill (2013): US $ 44 billion About one fifth is livestock (highest after cereals)
  4. 4. What’s special about animal/smallholder food? •90% of animal products are produced and consumed in the same country or region •Most are produced by smallholders •Over 70% of livestock products are sold ‘informally’ •Almost 1 billion rely on livestock for livelihoods •43% of the agricultural workforce is female
  5. 5. Livestock and inclusive, sustainable economic growth
  6. 6. Livestock and inclusive, sustainable economic growth Livestock and equitable livelihoods
  7. 7. Livestock and inclusive, sustainable economic growth Livestock and equitable livelihoods Animal source foods for nutrition and health
  8. 8. Livestock and inclusive, sustainable economic growth Livestock and equitable livelihoods Animal source foods for nutrition and health Livestock and sustainable ecosystems
  9. 9. Livestock and inclusive, sustainable economic growth Harnessing the power of the CGIAR to double livestock production through better feeds ECF causes $300 million/year losses
  10. 10. • Global livestock futures –regional and country master plans: Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda……. • New science for better productivity: • Feeds: gene mining for quality traits of food-feed crops and forages • New vaccinology • Genomics: delivery, tropical adaptation; conservation • Institutional and individual capacity strengthening
  11. 11. Livestock and equitable livelihoods Women in livestock raising, processing, trading – gender transformative approaches Inclusive dairy development: Target: 60 million smallholders in East Africa Increased economic value $260 million per annum Insuring the never-before insured against catastrophic drought in the Horn
  12. 12. Beyond technology: • New models for one billion to be part of the livestock sector transformation; or to exit positively • Women, men, young people part of new livestock business solutions • Securing assets of the vulnerable • Institutional and individual capacity strengthening
  13. 13. Animal source foods for nutrition and health Worldwide livestock antimicrobial consumption is expected to rise by 67% between 2010 and 2030. 5 million consumers in Kenya and 1.5 in Assam are benefiting from safer milk New research: MERS in camels
  14. 14. • Controlling zoonoses; preventing pandemics • Managing Anti-Microbial Resistance • Improving food safety in informal markets • Enhancing the nutritional benefits of animal source foods • Institutional and individual capacity strengthening
  15. 15. Livestock and sustainable ecosystems Potential to double productivity and halve methane emissions. In India that means I million tonnes less methane per year from dairy Good grazing management for rangelands: potential to sequester 8.6 million tonnes carbon/year
  16. 16. • Reduce the environmental footprint of livestock through improving productivity • Generating emission indices to inform appropriate policies in tropical countries • Rangeland management and pasture improvement for carbon sequestration • Institutional and individual capacity strengthening
  17. 17. Improved food and nutrition security for health Improved natural resource systems and ecosystem services Reduced poverty
  18. 18. THANK YOU •(food, manure, traction). •Livestock are central to the lives and well-being of developing-country women, children and households. •Women livestock producers, processors and sellers are essential to developing-country economies.
  19. 19. The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI. better lives through livestock ilri.org

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