American Expansionism

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American Expansionism

  1. 1. AMERICA BECOMES A GLOBAL POWER (1867-1919)
  2. 2. Should the United States intervene in the affairs of another country?
  3. 3. I can explain the political, economic, & cultural factors that fueled the growth of American imperialism. Learning Target
  4. 4. Imperialism Definition Illustration Causes Effects
  5. 5. Definition Imperialismis a policy in which strongernations extend theirpolitical ormilitary control overweaker territories.  Examples?
  6. 6. Causes Desire forMilitary Strength Othernations around the world were establishing a global military presence Admiral Alfred T. Mahan urged government officials to build American naval powerin orderto compete  Construction of the Great White Fleet  US became the world’s 3rd largest naval power
  7. 7. The Great White Fleet
  8. 8. Causes Thirst forNew Markets The US needed raw materials forits factories & new markets forits agricultural & manufactured goods
  9. 9. Causes Belief in Cultural Superiority Some Americans combined Social Darwinism with a belief in the racial superiority of Western Europeans They argued that the US had a responsibility to spread Christianity & “civilize” the world’s “inferior” people
  10. 10. White Man’s Burden
  11. 11. Effects The US Acquires Alaska In 1867, Secretary of State William Seward arranged for the US to buy Alaska from Russia $7.2 million  Called “Seward’s Folly” or “Seward’s Icebox”
  12. 12. Effects The US Takes Hawaii Hawaii had been economically important to the US since the 1790s By the mid-1800s, American-owned sugarplantations made up about 75% of the islands’ wealth In 1887, the US built a naval base at Pearl Harbor
  13. 13. Effects The US Takes Hawaii In 1891, American business groups organized a revolution & overthrew Queen Liliuokalani Sanford B. Dole was put in charge of the new government
  14. 14. Effects The US Takes Hawaii President GroverCleveland recognized the Republic of Hawaii & called fora vote of the Hawaiian people On August 12, 1898, Congress made Hawaii an American territory although Hawaiians were never given the chance to vote
  15. 15. The Fate of Hawaii

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