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America Compared


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America Compared

  1. 1. America Compared<br />Sarah Williamson<br />Hist. 141<br />
  2. 2. II<br />The first theme was &quot; Wars Against the Indians in the United States and Argentina&quot;.<br />During the decades of the civil war, many Americans moved west of the Mississippi River to the Pacific ocean.<br />There they established ranches, mines, farms, towns, and cities<br />Through this westward expansion, they crossed over to the Native lands.<br />Almost 100,000 Indians east of the Mississippi were removed westward, leaving their homelands in the eastern United States open settlement. <br />The United States government regarded the great plains as a desert and was content at first  to leave the country in the possession of the Indians. <br />In 1492, the great plains were sparsely inhabited.<br />In Argentina, as in the United States, a population of European descent sought to expand into a hinterland occupied by Indians. <br />The suppression of the Indians was not only a problem in the United States.  In Canada, the government moved onto Indian lands and took them over  in Manitoba and Saskatchewan.<br />
  3. 3. IV<br />1870-1920 United States was transformed from Agrarian society to urban<br />Arrival of immigrants brought most of the population<br />Immigration was not just to America- 5.5 million foreigners went to Argentina and 4.5 million went to Canada.<br />Since Argentina and Canada&apos;s population was smaller, it had a greater effect on them<br />Cause for great migration was: steamship travel, need for industrial labor force, and opening of Nationals border<br />Most immigrants migrated in search for jobs rather than for political or religious reasons<br />Immigrants often traveled in chains which meant they followed a relative or neighbor<br />The immigration to the United States was different from other countries because of the volume of it, and the diversity of the sources of immigrants.  It received over 3/5 of the immigrants Europe sent from the early 19th century to WWII.<br />Not all native-born Americans liked the large immigration. In the 4 decades after 1880, the United States developed the most powerful anti-immigration movement in the New World<br />
  4. 4. V<br />The Roman splendor of Chicago&apos;s White City and the St. Louis World&apos;s Fair of 1902 advertised America&apos;s new imperia ambitions.<br />Many Americas have assumed that there was no period of American Imperialism. <br />Most imperialisms have been rooted in a sense of mission, and the American sense differs from that of other nations chiefly in that the United States emphasized different characteristics. <br />Imperialism was not always in ill-repute. <br />Imperialism was a practice; colonialism was a state of mind. Whether a powerful nation extended its control, its influence, or merely its advice over another people, those so controlled or so advised not unnaturally resented the controller. <br />American responses to some of the assumptions of European imperialism were bound to be negative, for the United States jad grown, after all, out of a former colonial empire. <br />
  5. 5. VIII<br />The prolonged slump that descended on the American economy at the end of the 1920s was part if a worldwide crisis. <br />In Germany, Italy, and Japan, authoritarian governments took control amid the turmoil of the Depression. <br />A spectacular, record-breaking global boom from about 1850 to the early  1870s  had been followed by the twenty-old years of economic uncertainties. <br />The History of the world economy since the Industrial Revolution had been one of the accelerating technological progress, of continuous but uneven economic growth, and of increasing &apos;globalization&quot;<br />For farmers dependent on the market, specially the export market this meant ruin, unless they could retreat to the traditional way of the peasant; subsistence production. <br />Brazil became a byword for the waste of capitalism and the depth of the Depression. <br />
  6. 6. XI<br />The cold war culture in early 1960’s changed after tensions due to the 1962 Cuban missile crisis.<br />Political conformity of the McCarthy era faded out, liberal and radical groups formed and expressed their views on domestic issues.<br />Social classes shifted and prosperity grew greatly in the 1960’s<br />Idealism was a driving force behind the two major political movements: the civil rights movement and the women’s rights crusades for equal rights<br />Both movements were based on years of discrimination and protest.<br />
  7. 7. X<br />Instead of peace, the end of World War 2 brought a different kind of war, one that erupted into military conflict only sporadically bit loomed over the earth&apos;s people for merely 50 yrs,  threatening their very survival. <br />The Cold War was a presumably mortal antagonism, arising in the wake of the Second World War, between two rigidly hostile blocs, one led by the Soviet Union, the other by the United States. <br />The Russians were determined to protect their frontiers, and especially their border to the west, crossed so often and so bloodily in the dark course of their history.<br />The western frontiers lacked natural means of defense.<br />The United States was rejected the idea of stabilizing the world by division into spheres of influence and insisted on an East European strategy. <br />