Oct. 22 Notes (Intro To Imperialism)

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  • Oct. 22 Notes (Intro To Imperialism)

    1. 1. Imperialism
    2. 2. <ul><li>Domestic Policy ~ a nation’s plan of action for dealing with its own internal affairs </li></ul>Domestic vs. Foreign Policy
    3. 3. <ul><li>Foreign Policy ~ a nation’s plan of action in its relations with other countries </li></ul>Domestic vs. Foreign Policy
    4. 4. <ul><li>Foreign Policy </li></ul>Domestic vs. Foreign Policy <ul><li>Early U.S. policy: Isolationism </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. avoided political & economic relations with other countries </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Foreign Policy </li></ul>Domestic vs. Foreign Policy <ul><li>Circa 1900: Imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Nation extends econ., pol., or military control over other nations (created colonies) </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Policy started in 1823 </li></ul>Monroe Doctrine <ul><li>U.S. will be neutral in European affairs </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Policy started in 1823 </li></ul>Monroe Doctrine <ul><li>U.S. will not interfere with existing countries/colonies in Western Hemisphere, BUT will view European attempts to create new colonies there as hostile attacks on the U.S. </li></ul>
    8. 9. <ul><li>1880s & 1890s ~ Increased concern with imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Belief in Manifest Destiny helped ease Americans into further expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial growth made imperialists persuasive </li></ul>Rise of Imperialism
    9. 10. <ul><li>Economic competition </li></ul>Causes of Imperialism <ul><li>Problem: Overproduction (U.S. produced more goods than Americans could consume) </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: U.S. needed raw materials to fuel industry </li></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Economic competition </li></ul>Causes of Imperialism <ul><li>Solution: Create colonies that can provide raw materials and become new markets for goods </li></ul>FOREIGN TRADE!
    11. 12. <ul><li>Political & Military Power </li></ul>Causes of Imperialism <ul><li>Other countries had been expanding for centuries. More land = More power! </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>Political & Military Power </li></ul>Causes of Imperialism <ul><li>Naval officers said a strong navy was needed to protect foreign markets </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Navy became the 3 rd largest in the world </li></ul>
    13. 14. <ul><li>Social Darwinism </li></ul>Causes of Imperialism <ul><li>Common belief that British & German peoples were superior to others </li></ul><ul><li>Able to conquer other people because they were the fittest </li></ul>
    14. 15. <ul><li>Social Darwinism </li></ul>Causes of Imperialism <ul><li>Belief that it was U.S. destiny & responsibility to spread Christianity & “civilization” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The White Man’s Burden” </li></ul>
    15. 18. The End

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