How the Americas Change: The Long 19 th Century Megan Walsh
The Americas In The 19 th Century <ul><li>United States won independence from British rule and began to establish a form of government.
Almost all of the western hemisphere gained independence from European power.
The Gold Rush : caused immigrants to travel west during the western expansion.
Europian, Asian, and Chinese Migrants increased the ethnic diversity of the American populations.
Migrants stimulated the social, political and economic development of the western hemispshere.
The United States began to expand westward with the result of a doubled in size nation. </li></ul>
The America's Continued... <ul><li>Economic stagnation. (inactivity)
- Union was becoming industrialized while the South was isolated from economic growth relying on agriculture.
North & South differences on slavery & human rights led to Civil War in 1860's. </li></ul>
Frontiers of the Americas <ul><li>Western expansion characterized life in the 19 th century.
Industrialization of the North vs. argricultural foundations in the South.
The Lewis & Clark geographical expedition of the west after the U.S Louisiana Purchase from Napoleon Bonaporte of France to map & observe resources.
Manifest Destiny: Settlers travel west for cheap land.
Tension between Mexico & United States -> led to Texas's independence from Mexico -> Mexican American War -> U.S pays Mexico 15 million for Texas, California, and New Mexico. </li></ul>
Frontiers Cntd... <ul><li>North vs. South -> freedom vs. slavery
The south was the major supplier of cotton to Britain in exchange for manufactured goods.
The presidency of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 sparked war betweeen the states.
The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, the goal of war was the abolition of slavery.
4 year war -> Union Victory -> due to advantages in industrial resources the south lacked.
United States became politically united, more authority in federal government and a strong central government to supervise further expansion. </li></ul>
The Little Ice Age A time during the 14-19th century where the climate drastically dropped in temperature causing turmoil for the earth. Believed to be caused due to Volcanic Eruptions, Disruptions in the oceans conveyer belt, and Low solar activity. The freezing temperatures influenced trade and agriculture
Crossroads of Freedom Antietam War (4) <ul><li>Also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg. Fought in 1862.
The bloodiest single day of battle in American history: 23,000 casualties.