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Water and Irrigation for Food Security

Water and Irrigation for Food Security



ICID President Dr. Gao Zhanyi addressing the gathering at the Opening Ceremony of the 63rd IEC, ICID Asian Regional/ IAL Conference and Trade Show

ICID President Dr. Gao Zhanyi addressing the gathering at the Opening Ceremony of the 63rd IEC, ICID Asian Regional/ IAL Conference and Trade Show



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    Water and Irrigation for Food Security Water and Irrigation for Food Security Document Transcript

    • 7/6/2012 Water and Irrigation for Food Security Gao Zhanyi, President of ICID 26June, 2012, AdelaideDistribution of Undernourished Population 1
    • 7/6/2012World Food Market PricesWorld Population Growth 2
    • 7/6/2012 Projected Water Scarcity in 2025 Page 5Water for Food is a highlighted issue in world wide 3
    • 7/6/2012 The 6th World Water Forum  12‐18 March, 2012, Marseille Theme 2.2. Contribute to Food Security by  Optimal Use of Water1. Target I – Increase rainfed land productivity2. Target II – Increase water productivity in irrigated agriculture3. Target III – Increase sustainable productivity and lower costs of water management such that by 2025 there 4
    • 7/6/2012Theme of World Water Day :  ‘Water and Food Security’Objective: to raise awareness on the relationship between water and food production and promote more sustainable food production and consumption patterns.  FAO Workshop on REVITALIZING IRRIGATION AND AGRICULTURAL WATER  GOVERNANCE IN ASIA FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific 4‐ 5 April 2012 5
    • 7/6/2012 First Asian Irrigation Forum 11‐14 April 2012 RIO+20 UN Conference on Sustainable Development  June 12 ‐22, 2012 6
    • 7/6/2012 Dialogue on Sustainable Development WaterSelected key measures to solve water problem1. Secure water by promoting biodiversity, ecosystem  and water resources2. Implement right to water3. Assert the importance of integrated water, energy  and land‐use planning and management at all scales 7
    • 7/6/2012 Dialogues on Water Question 1: Brazil Minister of Agriculture: Can we reduce the  water used by agriculture from 70 % to 60%? Answer 1: yes , we have innovation and technology to produce  more crop per drop Answer 2: in Europe agriculture is not the largest water user,  the largest water user is industry sector Question 2: Can technology salve water problems? Answer: Yes, but we need funds to adopt technology, and have  incentives  for application of technology, government should  provide financial and service supports to farmers, especially  smallholder farmers Question 3: Can we produce enough food?Yes, we need to encourage smallholders farmers from self sufficient  cereal production to commercial production. In order to achieve  this it is important to provide support to the smallholder  farmers, and let them get reasonable revenue. We need to  provide leadership, investment ,  water supply and other  services to farmers. IFAD  – Technology and innovation – Technology transfer – Investment mechanism – Ownership and management mechanism 8
    • 7/6/2012 ExpectationAn increase in cereal production of 70 ‐ 100% in the next 25 ‐ 30 years will be required. 80 ‐ 90% from existing cultivated area higher yield per ha, double or triple cropping installation of irrigation and/or drainage systems in areas without a  system modernization of existing irrigation and drainage systems installation of drainage in irrigated areas installation of irrigation in rainfed areas with drainage10 ‐ 20% from land reclamation 9
    • 7/6/2012Farmland with Different Type of Systemno system                               1,100 million hairrigation only                          210 million hairrigation and drainage             60 million hadrainage                                    130 million ha4.0% 8.7% No-system Irrigation 14.0% Irrigation &Drainage 73.0% DrainageCereal production from Rainfed and  Water Management System Water Management Rainfed 45% 55% 10
    • 7/6/2012 World irrigated area = 299 mha World arable area = 1540 mha 1.5% 1% 14% 3%% of cultivable area FAO,2011 Key Issues to Irrigation Development Leadership National vision Action plan 11
    • 7/6/2012Key Issues to Irrigation Development Innovation & Technology Transfer Investment Integrated Measures   Infrastructures Institutional Capacity buildings 12
    • 7/6/2012 Technology Transfer INCREASE IN FARM SIZE Food affordable for urban peopleIstanbul 18 March H.Tardieu 13
    • 7/6/2012 Technical exchange and cooperationHistorical Irrigation Schemes: Idea and Technology 14
    • 7/6/2012 Sustainable Development Economic IssueSocial Issue Environmental Issue 15
    • 7/6/2012 Food Price and the World Bank Lending for Irrigation 2,500 320 Annual growth rate of irrigation (by decade) Irrigation (million hectares) 1971-1980: 2.2% p.y 1961-1970: 2.1% p.y 280 2,000 IrrigationWB lending (1990 constant price) 240 1981-1990: 1.6% p.y 200 1,500 1991-2000: 1.2% p.y 160 Food price index (1990=100) Food price index 1,000 120 WB lending 80 500 40 2001-2003: 0.1% p.y 0 0 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 16