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Australian Showcase: Theme 1: Australia and Waterined_v3


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Presentation of Vice President Dr. Willem F. Vlotman at 21st

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Australian Showcase: Theme 1: Australia and Waterined_v3

  1. 1. 1/11/2011 21 October 2011, Tehran, Iran Australian Showcase: Theme 1: Australia and Water Willem F. Vlotman Outline PresentationBackground on climate, irrigation and drainage g , g gBackground on water management in AustraliaDrivers of the Water Act 2007 and why we aremodernising our water management systemsGovernment investments; Mary Harwood
  2. 2. 1/11/2011Climatic Regions Distribution of surface water run‐off
  3. 3. 1/11/2011Background of water management in Australia1890’s – 1980’s Development era – ‘drought, royal commission, new dams’ d ’1915 NSW, VIC and SA, River Murray Waters Agreement.1987 Murray-Darling Basin Agreement.1994 COAG Agreement on Water Reform – environmental flows, unbundling water and land ‘titles’, corporatisation and cost recovery1995 MDB ‘Cap’ on more extractions2004 COAG National Water Initiative reaffirms commitments to reform agenda, eflows and markets’ role in reallocating g g water2007 Commonwealth Water Act.2019 Murray-Darling Basin Plan in effect in all StatesThese formal processes have been underpinned by considerable effort bymany people at local, regional, state and national levels Main Objectives of the Water Act 2007 An Act to make provisions for the management of the water resources of the Murray-Darling Basin, and to make Murray Darling Basin provisions for other matters of national interest in relation to water and water information, and for related purposes. The Murray-Darling Basin Agreement Management of Basin water resources (MDBA) Basin Plan Water Resource plans for particular water resource plan areas Critical human water needs Audits by National Water Commission (NWC) Basin water charge and water market rules (Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, ACCC) Murray-Darling Basin Water rights Information Service Commonwealth Environmental Water Holder Water Information (Bureau of Meteorology, BOM) Enforcement
  4. 4. 1/11/2011 MDB Basin PlanVariability of available water; total inflows in Murray‐Darling  basin Development of diversions for consumptive use in the  Murray‐Darling Basin 14,000 12,000 Period of above average inflows 10,000 8,000 GL/y 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 1927 1936 1945 1954 1963 1972 1981 1990 1999 2008 MDB NSW VIC SA QLD ACT
  5. 5. 1/11/2011 Murray-Darling Basin water resources Interceptions p Interceptions p 42% 33 - 30% Diversions Environment Diversions Consumptive Consumptive 60% Environment Environment Environment Environment 58% 67 - 70% Flow to sea 40% Flow to the sea Flow to the sea WITHOUT CURRENT FUTUREDEVELOPMENT Balancing consumptive and environmental requirements How much water is needed for a healthy river? y How do we maintain productivity without compromising the environment? What is the most effective and efficient way to source water for the environment?Reconciling environmental, social/cultural and g ,economic considerations: triple bottom line Ecological health: balancing extractive and environmental use of water resources Resilient communities: with viable irrigation industries Sustainable food production: maintaining ( & increasing) production with less water
  6. 6. 1/11/2011 Sustainable Rural Water Use and Infrastructure Program  (SRWUIP) The SRWUIP was established by the Australian government in 2008 with a total  The SRWUIP was established by the Australian government in 2008 with a total funding of $A5.8 billion.  Much of the funding is focused in the Murray Darling Basin $3.2 billion is committed to State Priority Projects under the Inter‐Governmental  Agreement on Murray Darling Basin Reform.Investment Objectives for State Priority Projects: Invest in infrastructure to improve the efficiency and productivity of rural water use and management; Help secure a long‐term sustainable future for irrigated agriculture  and communities; Deliver substantial and lasting returns of water to the environment;  and  Deliver value for money projects.
  7. 7. 1/11/2011 SRWUIP ‐ Program Structure SRWUIP “head program” State priority Other commitments projects (up to $3.2b) Commonwealth led Major components State led projects projects include: Victoria $1,103m NSW Private Irrigation On-Farm Irrigation Infrastructure Efficiency $300m South Australia Operators Program $420m $650m Strengthening Basin Queensland $160m Communities $200m South Australia National Water New South Wales$708m Private Irrigation Market System $56m Infrastructure Program $110m Compliance and Australian Capital Enforcement $60m Territory $85m SRWUIP - Who is delivering the projects?SRWUIP delivery partners include: State government departments – e g water primary industry e.g. water, primary industry,  environment Irrigation infrastructure operators  Irrigation industry associations Industry commodity bodies e.g. rice‐growers, tomato growers Individual irrigators Catchment management (resource management) authorities                                                     Natural  Local government  Water utilities CSIRO (sustainable yields studies)
  8. 8. 1/11/2011SRWUIP - What sorts of projects are being funded?Planning and investigations local government irrigation districts/corporations hot spots assessments (identifying areas of water  loss and leakage) rural water re‐use  resource assessmentupgrading irrigation systems off farm fixing/replacing leaky old systems lining channels, replacing channels with pipes reconfiguring and rationalising channel systems  and farm off‐takes decommissioning channels and providing alternate  stock and domestic supply Improving water delivery standardsinstalling compliant water metersInfrastructure and other works on farm to improve water use efficiencyworks and measures to improve ecological health and restore natural flows water saving municipal projects – e.g. storm water harvesting SRWUIP – current issuesSpotlight on SRWUIP’s role in contributing water savings to ‘bridge the gap’ to the sustainable diversion limits under the Murray Darling Basin Plan • Focus on water savings  for the environment vs. broader benefits, including  industry and environmental outcomes • What benchmarks are appropriate? …$/ML, multiple of water market price. • Building and using local knowledge and capacity in rolling out projectsTimelines for infrastructure roll‐out – managing expectations, while securing fit‐for‐purpose, properly costed, viable projects i fit f l t d i bl j tIntegration of infrastructure investment (SRWUIP) with the water purchase program in the MDB Supporting delivery system/footprint rationalisation for irrigation districts
  9. 9. 1/11/2011 Closing remarksOn water management and reform in Australia: Long history of steps towards better water management In a dry, highly variable climate and water resources Current focus is on increasing water use efficiency and  Current focus is on increasing water use efficiency and rebalancing water use (environment and extraction) in the  Murray Darling for long term sustainability How to ensure best results are achieved from investment in  water saving technologies The Basin Planning process for the Murray Darling  – bringing  together many aspects of water reform Water Markets Management Government investment in infrastructure and water  buyback to assist transition to lower water extraction levels