Professor Robert Kalin: Water Resource Management: The Scottish and Malawian Context


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21st September 2011
GCL Event: Agriculture, Food Security and Water Access

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Professor Robert Kalin: Water Resource Management: The Scottish and Malawian Context

  1. 1. Water Resource Management: The Malawi Context Global Community Links
  2. 2. Historical Water Resources Infrastructure Defunct DistributionGlobal Community Links System
  3. 3. Historical Water Resources Infrastructure Health and SanitationGlobal Community Links Issues
  4. 4. NGO / New Water Resources InfrastructureGlobal Community Links
  5. 5. NGO / New Water Resources Infrastructure Maintenance andGlobal Community Links Upkeep
  6. 6. Scotland Chikwawa Health Initiative (SCHI)Maternal Health and Sanitation Focus‘Dependable’ clean water supplies at DistrictHealth OfficesBasic Environmental Health and Sanitation atcommunity levelIntroduction of new technologies whereappropriate Global Community Links
  7. 7. SCHI Installation of Solar Groundwater Pump for District Health OfficeGlobal Community Links
  8. 8. Scotland-Malawi Partnership Why we should learn more about the ‘Malawi’ Water Resources Plan?• investment (time & resource) in the ‘right’ areas• maximising impact of partnership• enhancing the self reliance of Malawi citizens Global Community Links
  9. 9. Global Community Links
  10. 10. Global Community Links
  11. 11. Global Community Links
  12. 12. Malawi Water Resource Management Divided into 17 Water Districts Map to the left shows the Water Districts overlying the Political DistrictsGlobal Community Links
  13. 13. Water Demand Projections 2010 – 2035 Agriculture DominatesGlobal Community Links
  14. 14. Non-Agriculture Water Demand Projections 2010 – 2035Global Community Links Infrastructure intensive investment needed
  15. 15. Water Demand Projections 2010 – 2035 Impact of Drought becomesGlobal Community Links severe with projected population growth
  16. 16. Surface Water Resources of Malawi are dominated by Lake Malawi and flow through Shire River (outlet) which accounts for nearly 70% of the surface water capacity of the countryGlobal Community Links
  17. 17. Scotland Malawi Partnership Water Resources and the Malawi Economy Economic Growth (2010 – 2035 and beyond) isDependant on Water Resource Management and Development Global Community Links
  18. 18. Economic Sector Contribution to Malawi GDP 2010 (World Bank Data) Global Community Links
  19. 19. Water in the Economic Sector MegaLiters of Water Demand by Sector for Wet and Dry Seasons Global Community Links
  20. 20. Economic Sector Growth 2002 – 2010 (World Bank Data) Agricultural Sector Growth is small but Water Resource Demand is Great Huge need to maximise the Global Community Links impact of Malawi’s Rich Water Resources
  21. 21. Water Sector Contribution to Malawi Energy Demands 2010 - 2030 (World Bank Data) Water / Hydroelectric Power is the MAIN planned source for future energy supply in Global Community Links Malawi
  22. 22. Malawi Water Resources Plan & Malawi Energy Resources Plan 80% of the Short Term (188 of 234 MW ) new energy capacity will be Hydroelectric 71% of the Medium Term (865 of 1,240 MW) new energy capacity will be Hydroelectric 84% of the Long Term (645 of 770MW) new energy capacity will be Hydroelectric NOTE: Wind and Renewable Energy ONLY accounts for 1% of all the new energy needed in Malawi in the next 1 to 20 years!!Malawi Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and the Environment 2010 Global Community Links
  23. 23. Climate Change Global Community Links
  24. 24. Agricultural Sector Water Resource Demand is Great2020 Medium GrowthDrought Conditions Climate Change impact is Global Community Links potentially catastrophic
  25. 25. Agricultural Sector Water Resource Demand is Great2035 Medium GrowthDrought Conditions Climate Change impact is Global Community Links potentially catastrophic
  26. 26. Water Resource Investment Strategy is focused on combined HydroelectricGlobal Community Links Power and Irrigation
  27. 27. Each WRA Region has been ‘mapped’for Water Resources Infrastructureincluding BoreholesThe implementation of the WaterResources Management Plan will allowMalawi to prioritise resourcesThe DLCS is working with WASHTED,NGOs and the Ministry to follow up thiswork and develop a ‘Needs Assessment’that can provide a focus for engagementbetween Scotland and Malawi in WaterResources / Health and SanitationManagement Global Community Links
  28. 28. Scotland Malawi Partnership Innovation for Water ResourcesCombined Agriculture / Sanitation / Water Resource Management Global Community Links
  29. 29. Maximising use of ‘excess’ Groundwater Wash water runs off to surfaceGlobal Community Links infiltration / evaporation
  30. 30. Surface infiltration / evaporation depressions (borehole and rainfall) is a breeding ground for diseaseGlobal Community Links
  31. 31. Calculation of Water Budget within the Village accounts for rainfall and excess borehole waterGlobal Community Links
  32. 32. Balancing of the water excess with the calculated evapo- transpiration rates for high value food crops allows designGlobal Community Links of ‘Permaculture’
  33. 33. Permaculture installation is designed to capture daily borehole run-off and rainfall from the villageGlobal Community Links
  34. 34. Permaculture crops include vegetables (not maize) and value fruits that can be grown year round by and for ChildrenGlobal Community Links of the village
  35. 35. The Scotland Malawi Partnership Innovation for Water Resource PartnershipCollaboration on development of a Malawi ‘Needs Assessment’ for Water Resources Scotland-Scotland Partnership For Scotland-Malawi Partnership Global Community Links
  36. 36. Global Community Links