Types of Poetry
Creative Writing
Genres of Poetry
Narrative Poetry- a narrative poem is one that tells a
story. Types of narrative poetry include ballads a...
Formal Verse
• Set patterns of rhythm and rhyme
– i.e. Beowolf

• Based on scansion (the counting of stresses
and syllable...
Meter
• The rhythmical patter of a piece
• English verse is made of rhythmical units
called feet. A foot is made up of wea...
Poetry has feet?
Type of Foot

Pattern

Example

Iamb, or iambic foot

˘/

afraid, the sky

Trochee, or trochaic foot

/˘
...
Lines
•
•
•
•
•
•

Monometer
Dimeter
Trimeter
Tetrameter
Pentameter
Hexameter

=
=
=
=
=
=

one foot
two feet
three feet
f...
Playing With Feet
• See your worksheet.
Rhyming Patterns
•
•
•
•

Couplet
Tercet (Triplet)
Quatrain
Terza Rima

=
=
=
=

aa bb cc dd, etc.
aaa bbb ccc ddd, etc.
a...
Shakespearean Sonnets
• This sonnet has the simplest and most flexible
pattern of all sonnets, consisting of 3
quatrains o...
Sonnet 141
In faith, I do not love thee with mine eyes,
For they in thee a thousand errors note;
But ’tis my heart that lo...
Group Sonnets
• Write a sonnet with your group (of 3 or 4) by
alternating lines.
Blank Verse
• Unrhymed iambic pentameter
• Shakespeare’s language (from the plays)
Transition
• Twentieth Century
• Likened to the transition from ballet to
contemporary dance
• Started with Emily Dickinso...
Free Verse
•
•
•
•

Loosened rhythms
Rhymes set askew
Took on the rhythms of ordinary speech
Practiced by poets who first ...
Concrete poem is written in a shape that adds meaning to the
poem.
I propose
• …that you begin to play with sound and
rhythm.
• …that you imitate what you like; imitation,
which has been ca...
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Cw typesof poetry

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Cw typesof poetry

  1. 1. Types of Poetry Creative Writing
  2. 2. Genres of Poetry Narrative Poetry- a narrative poem is one that tells a story. Types of narrative poetry include ballads and epics. (Think of Homer… not the guy from The Simpsons!) Lyric Poetry- a highly musical verse that expresses the emotions of the speaker. Common types are sonnets, odes, free verse and elegies. Dramatic poetry- a dramatic poem is a verse that relies heavily on dramatic elements such as monologue, or dialogue. Two types of dramatic poetry are dramatic monologue and soliloquy.
  3. 3. Formal Verse • Set patterns of rhythm and rhyme – i.e. Beowolf • Based on scansion (the counting of stresses and syllables) and set verse pattern. • Sometimes, a rhyme scheme matters, but not always.
  4. 4. Meter • The rhythmical patter of a piece • English verse is made of rhythmical units called feet. A foot is made up of weakly stressed (˘) and strongly stressed (/) syllables. • Meter is based on the number of feet in each line.
  5. 5. Poetry has feet? Type of Foot Pattern Example Iamb, or iambic foot ˘/ afraid, the sky Trochee, or trochaic foot /˘ freedom, heaven Anapest, or anapestic foot ˘ ˘/ in a flash, to the dark Dactyl, or dactylic foot /˘˘ feverish, go and ask Spondee, or spondaic foot // baseball Pyrrhee or pyrrhic foot ˘˘ unbelievable
  6. 6. Lines • • • • • • Monometer Dimeter Trimeter Tetrameter Pentameter Hexameter = = = = = = one foot two feet three feet four feet five feet six feet
  7. 7. Playing With Feet • See your worksheet.
  8. 8. Rhyming Patterns • • • • Couplet Tercet (Triplet) Quatrain Terza Rima = = = = aa bb cc dd, etc. aaa bbb ccc ddd, etc. abab cdcd efef, etc. aba bcb cdc ded, etc.
  9. 9. Shakespearean Sonnets • This sonnet has the simplest and most flexible pattern of all sonnets, consisting of 3 quatrains of alternating rhyme and a couplet: • abab cdcd efef gg
  10. 10. Sonnet 141 In faith, I do not love thee with mine eyes, For they in thee a thousand errors note; But ’tis my heart that loves what they despise, Who in despite of view is pleased to dote. Nor are mine ears with thy tongue’s tune delighted, Nor tender feeling to base touches prone, Nor taste, nor smell, desire to be invited To any sensual feast with thee alone. But my five wits, nor my five senses, can Dissuade one foolish heart from serving thee, Who leaves unswayed the likeness of a man, Thy proud heart’s slave and vassal wretch to be. Only my plague thus far I count my gain, That she that makes me sin awards me pain.
  11. 11. Group Sonnets • Write a sonnet with your group (of 3 or 4) by alternating lines.
  12. 12. Blank Verse • Unrhymed iambic pentameter • Shakespeare’s language (from the plays)
  13. 13. Transition • Twentieth Century • Likened to the transition from ballet to contemporary dance • Started with Emily Dickinson & Walt Whitman • Loosened forms
  14. 14. Free Verse • • • • Loosened rhythms Rhymes set askew Took on the rhythms of ordinary speech Practiced by poets who first taught themselves the rigors of earlier periods, of formal verse.
  15. 15. Concrete poem is written in a shape that adds meaning to the poem.
  16. 16. I propose • …that you begin to play with sound and rhythm. • …that you imitate what you like; imitation, which has been called the sincerest form of flattery, is also the most teaching form of play. • …that you begin by writing poems about the subjects that matter to you.
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