Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance

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Luncheon Speaker Series
09/25/2008
Jamie Carter and Christine Feinholz
NOAA
Pacific Services Center (PSC)

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Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance

  1. 1. NOAA Pacific Services Center Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance Jamie Carter and Christine Feinholz September 25, 2008
  2. 2. ² Road Map • Introduction • Data • Geospatial Training • Technical Assistance • Decision Support Tools
  3. 3. NOAA Pacific Services Center • Link people, information, technology • Serve the nation’s state and local coastal resource managers • Regional presence • Priority areas: www.csc.noaa.gov – Hazards resilience – Sustainable planning – Environmental literacy – Climate change adaptability
  4. 4. The Pacific Services Center: Serving the Pacific Islands
  5. 5. Data - What’s New and Where Is It? • Land Cover • Imagery • Lidar • IfSAR • Benthic Habitat • NOAA Composite Shorelines • U.S. Marine Boundaries • Decision Support Tools • Georegulations
  6. 6. High Resolution Land Cover • Derived from 2.4 meter Quickbird multispectral imagery (2005) • Detailed and up-to-date • Island of Oahu available • Islands of Maui, Molokai, Lanai, and Kahoolawe in progress – Will be released as completed – Anticipated to be complete by December 2008
  7. 7. High Resolution Impervious • Derived from 2.4 meter Quickbird multispectral imagery (2005) • Provides detailed information on location and extent of man-made impervious surfaces • Developed in partnership with State of Hawaii Office of Planning
  8. 8. Moderate Resolution Land Cover • The Hawaiian islands will be part of the 2001 national effort – NOAA and USGS cooperative effort • We are making use of existing land cover information for the islands – C-CAP and HI GAP (2001) • We are not remapping the islands • This is not an updated land cover • This effort could be expanded to the rest of the Pacific Islands
  9. 9. Hawai`i Land Cover Complete Maui County December 2008 2005 In 1992 2001 Progress Land Cover
  10. 10. …and Hawai`i Impervious Surfaces 2005 2001 Impervious Surfaces Impervious Surfaces – 75% Coverage
  11. 11. …and American Samoa and Guam Guam Tutuila Ofu Olosega Ta`u Impervious Surfaces - Available Now Impervious Surfaces – March 2009 Land Cover – June 2009
  12. 12. Imagery 2005 Quickbird 2004-5 IKONOS
  13. 13. Elevation IfSAR and Lidar • Digital terrain model • Digital terrain model • Digital surface model • Digital surface model • Orthorectified image
  14. 14. Benthic Habitat Legend Sand Mud Seagrass/90%-100% Seagrass/50%-90% Seagrass/10%-50% Macroalgae/90%-100% Macroalgae/50%-90% Macroalgae/10%-50% Encrusting Coraline Algae/90%-100% Encrusting Coraline Algae/50%-90% Encrusting Coraline Algae/10%-50% Linear Reef Spur and Groove Individual Patch Reef Aggregated Patch Reef Aggregated Coral Head Scattered Coral/Rock in Unconsolidated Sediments Colonized Pavement Colonized Volcanic Rock/Boulder Colonized Pavement with Sand Channels Uncolonized Pavement Reef Rubble Uncolonized Volcanic Rock/Boulders Uncolonized Pavement with Sand Channels Land Emergent Vegetation Artificial/ Hardened Substrate Artificial Artificial/ Fishpond Unknown
  15. 15. Digital Coast
  16. 16. Digital Coast
  17. 17. Digital Coast
  18. 18. Digital Coast
  19. 19. Digital Coast
  20. 20. Digital Coast
  21. 21. Digital Coast
  22. 22. Digital Coast
  23. 23. Digital Coast
  24. 24. Digital Coast
  25. 25. Digital Coast
  26. 26. Legislative Atlas
  27. 27. Legislative Atlas
  28. 28. Legislative Atlas
  29. 29. Training • GeoSpatial Technology • Coastal Management Training • Building Process Skills Training course in Guam
  30. 30. Training GeoSpatial Technology • Coastal Applications Using ArcGIS • GIS For Managers • Assessing GIS for Your Organization • Introduction to ArcGIS I • Remote Sensing • GIS Tools for Strategic Conservation Planning • Conservation Data Documentation Homer, Alaska • Coastal Inundation Mapping
  31. 31. Training GeoSpatial Technology GIS For Managers • Four-hour course • ArcView 9.2 • Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands-on problem solving • Participants will learn how to define a GIS describe the key capabilities of a GIS, become familiar with GIS terms and concepts, and recognize the limitations of a GIS.
  32. 32. Training GeoSpatial Technology Remote Sensing for Spatial Analysts • Two-day course • ArcView 9.2 • Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands- on problem solving • Participants will learn how to use remote sensing to investigate issues such as land cover and use, shoreline erosion, and fisheries and benthic habitat assessment.
  33. 33. Training GeoSpatial Technology Coastal Inundation Mapping • Two-day course • ArcView 9.2 • Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands- on problem solving • Participants will learn how to understand inundation terminology and datum issues, access topographic data, create a digital elevation model, and conduct a risk and vulnerability assessment.
  34. 34. Training How to Get Training Partnerships: • Partner with other local agencies in order to maximize training benefits and minimize costs Assess Costs: • Hosts are responsible for providing venue and equipment (for attendees). Coordination: • A local lead contact needs to be established between partners http://www.csc.noaa.gov/cms/cls/remote_training_requirements.pdf
  35. 35. Geospatial Technical Assistance What we can help you with? • Finding the right GIS tools and data • Assessing appropriateness of tools or data to a specific question • Using GIS tools and data What we can’t help you with… • We can’t do the work for you • We can help you to ask the right questions – but we can’t tell you what the answers to those questions should, or shouldn’t be
  36. 36. The Magic Planet • Weather / Climate Datasets • Marine Mammal / Sea Bird Migrations • Oceans Health / Human Health Datasets • Marine Geology and Biology To coordinate Magic Planet for your event, or for more information, contact: Nadia.Sbeih@noaa.gov (808) 532-3204
  37. 37. Data Visualization and Integration Science on a Sphere • Hawaii has two SOS installations • Used in museum exhibits • Reaches students and community • Educates on a variety of topics • Grabs audience attention Humpback Whale Migration With Sea Surface Temperature Nadia.Sbeih@noaa.gov (808) 532-3204
  38. 38. Modeling and Analysis Tools • Developed through partnerships with end users – Meet the needs of coastal resource managers • Provide decision makers with more information – Explore a wider range of management alternatives – Develop better understanding of ecosystem processes and possible responses to management actions • Enhance the usability of remotely sensed data products – Add value to existing data products – Save time by automating processes
  39. 39. Featured Tools 1. Impervious Surface Analysis Tool (ISAT) • Calculates the percentage of impervious surface cover for a given geographic area 2. Nonpoint-Source Pollution and Erosion Comparison Tool (N-SPECT) • Examines land cover to calculate runoff, nonpoint source pollution, and erosion 3. Habitat Priority Planner (HPP) • Identifies priority locations for conservation and restoration planning, and performs query visualizations
  40. 40. Common Characteristics Cost of the tool • Free Software requirements • ArcGIS 9.2 (SP 4) • Spatial Analyst extension Data requirements • Raster land cover • Site-specific ancillary information (free and downloadable) GIS skill level • Intermediate Support • Documentation • Online help files • Training
  41. 41. ISAT Fundamentals • Impervious surfaces impact water quality and quantity • ISAT estimates the percentage of a given area covered by impervious surfaces • Impervious surface areas can be recalculated for different land cover and land use scenarios
  42. 42. ISAT Data Needs • Land cover • Impervious surface • Analysis units coefficients • Population density (optional)
  43. 43. ISAT Outputs • New shapefile based on analysis units • Attributes updated with total area, impervious surface area, and percent impervious surface
  44. 44. N-SPECT Fundamentals • Nonpoint source pollutants impact water quality • N-SPECT estimates storm runoff, eroded sediment, and pollutant loads, and tracks these loads as they accumulate downstream. • Allows comparisons of different land cover and land use scenarios
  45. 45. N-SPECT Data Needs • Land cover • Topography • Soils • Precipitation • Rainfall erosivity • Pollutant coefficients • Water quality standards
  46. 46. N-SPECT Outputs • Watershed delineations • Pollutant loads • Runoff volume • Pollutant concentrations • Sediment loads
  47. 47. HPP Fundamentals • HPP is a geospatial planning tool that can be used to: – Inventory habitat conditions – Identify, rank, and prioritize restoration and/or conservation sites – Provide spatial planning support to natural resource managers – Analyze proposed changes in land use or land cover – Create maps, reports, and queries
  48. 48. HPP Data Needs and Workflow Data Needs Workflow • Raster land cover • Step 1: Classify Habitats • Project specific points, • Step 2: Habitat Analysis lines, or polygons • Step 3: Explore Data
  49. 49. Step 1 – Classify Habitats UNIQUE GROUPED SIMPLE
  50. 50. Land Use Scenario BEFORE AFTER
  51. 51. Step 2 – Habitat Analysis Core Metrics Quality Connectivity • Size • Proximity • Perimeter-area ratio • Nearest neighbor • Core area CORE AREA PROXIMITY NEAREST NEIGHBOR
  52. 52. Step 2 – Habitat Analysis Custom Metrics • Count • Distance to • Presence/absence • Polygon overlay • Linear distance within
  53. 53. Step 3 – Explore Data Participatory GIS • Interactive planning • Group decisions • Quick analysis • Develop site specific applications
  54. 54. HPP Outputs Classified Habitats Reports Prioritized Sites
  55. 55. Land Cover Atlas • Online land cover summary and analysis website • Summarizes land cover for user defined areas • Will not require GIS software • Publicly available
  56. 56. Tool Considerations • Broadly applicable screening tools • Provide decision support, not decisions • Require human interaction, stakeholder input • Data are limiting factors, and don’t come with tool • Analysis time dependent on extent, resolution, and process complexity
  57. 57. For More Information: Digital Coast www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast Legislative www.csc.noaa.gov/legislativeatlas Atlas Training www.csc.noaa.gov/training Jamie.Carter@noaa.gov Christine.Feinholz@noaa.gov (808) 525-5387 (808) 532-3769 NOAA Pacific Services Center 737 Bishop St., Suite 2550 Honolulu, Hawaii 96813 www.csc.noaa.gov/psc/

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