Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance
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Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance



Luncheon Speaker Series

Luncheon Speaker Series
Jamie Carter and Christine Feinholz
Pacific Services Center (PSC)



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    Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance Presentation Transcript

    • NOAA Pacific Services Center Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance Jamie Carter and Christine Feinholz September 25, 2008
    • ² Road Map • Introduction • Data • Geospatial Training • Technical Assistance • Decision Support Tools
    • NOAA Pacific Services Center • Link people, information, technology • Serve the nation’s state and local coastal resource managers • Regional presence • Priority areas: – Hazards resilience – Sustainable planning – Environmental literacy – Climate change adaptability
    • The Pacific Services Center: Serving the Pacific Islands
    • Data - What’s New and Where Is It? • Land Cover • Imagery • Lidar • IfSAR • Benthic Habitat • NOAA Composite Shorelines • U.S. Marine Boundaries • Decision Support Tools • Georegulations
    • High Resolution Land Cover • Derived from 2.4 meter Quickbird multispectral imagery (2005) • Detailed and up-to-date • Island of Oahu available • Islands of Maui, Molokai, Lanai, and Kahoolawe in progress – Will be released as completed – Anticipated to be complete by December 2008
    • High Resolution Impervious • Derived from 2.4 meter Quickbird multispectral imagery (2005) • Provides detailed information on location and extent of man-made impervious surfaces • Developed in partnership with State of Hawaii Office of Planning
    • Moderate Resolution Land Cover • The Hawaiian islands will be part of the 2001 national effort – NOAA and USGS cooperative effort • We are making use of existing land cover information for the islands – C-CAP and HI GAP (2001) • We are not remapping the islands • This is not an updated land cover • This effort could be expanded to the rest of the Pacific Islands
    • Hawai`i Land Cover Complete Maui County December 2008 2005 In 1992 2001 Progress Land Cover
    • …and Hawai`i Impervious Surfaces 2005 2001 Impervious Surfaces Impervious Surfaces – 75% Coverage
    • …and American Samoa and Guam Guam Tutuila Ofu Olosega Ta`u Impervious Surfaces - Available Now Impervious Surfaces – March 2009 Land Cover – June 2009
    • Imagery 2005 Quickbird 2004-5 IKONOS
    • Elevation IfSAR and Lidar • Digital terrain model • Digital terrain model • Digital surface model • Digital surface model • Orthorectified image
    • Benthic Habitat Legend Sand Mud Seagrass/90%-100% Seagrass/50%-90% Seagrass/10%-50% Macroalgae/90%-100% Macroalgae/50%-90% Macroalgae/10%-50% Encrusting Coraline Algae/90%-100% Encrusting Coraline Algae/50%-90% Encrusting Coraline Algae/10%-50% Linear Reef Spur and Groove Individual Patch Reef Aggregated Patch Reef Aggregated Coral Head Scattered Coral/Rock in Unconsolidated Sediments Colonized Pavement Colonized Volcanic Rock/Boulder Colonized Pavement with Sand Channels Uncolonized Pavement Reef Rubble Uncolonized Volcanic Rock/Boulders Uncolonized Pavement with Sand Channels Land Emergent Vegetation Artificial/ Hardened Substrate Artificial Artificial/ Fishpond Unknown
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Digital Coast
    • Legislative Atlas
    • Legislative Atlas
    • Legislative Atlas
    • Training • GeoSpatial Technology • Coastal Management Training • Building Process Skills Training course in Guam
    • Training GeoSpatial Technology • Coastal Applications Using ArcGIS • GIS For Managers • Assessing GIS for Your Organization • Introduction to ArcGIS I • Remote Sensing • GIS Tools for Strategic Conservation Planning • Conservation Data Documentation Homer, Alaska • Coastal Inundation Mapping
    • Training GeoSpatial Technology GIS For Managers • Four-hour course • ArcView 9.2 • Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands-on problem solving • Participants will learn how to define a GIS describe the key capabilities of a GIS, become familiar with GIS terms and concepts, and recognize the limitations of a GIS.
    • Training GeoSpatial Technology Remote Sensing for Spatial Analysts • Two-day course • ArcView 9.2 • Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands- on problem solving • Participants will learn how to use remote sensing to investigate issues such as land cover and use, shoreline erosion, and fisheries and benthic habitat assessment.
    • Training GeoSpatial Technology Coastal Inundation Mapping • Two-day course • ArcView 9.2 • Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands- on problem solving • Participants will learn how to understand inundation terminology and datum issues, access topographic data, create a digital elevation model, and conduct a risk and vulnerability assessment.
    • Training How to Get Training Partnerships: • Partner with other local agencies in order to maximize training benefits and minimize costs Assess Costs: • Hosts are responsible for providing venue and equipment (for attendees). Coordination: • A local lead contact needs to be established between partners
    • Geospatial Technical Assistance What we can help you with? • Finding the right GIS tools and data • Assessing appropriateness of tools or data to a specific question • Using GIS tools and data What we can’t help you with… • We can’t do the work for you • We can help you to ask the right questions – but we can’t tell you what the answers to those questions should, or shouldn’t be
    • The Magic Planet • Weather / Climate Datasets • Marine Mammal / Sea Bird Migrations • Oceans Health / Human Health Datasets • Marine Geology and Biology To coordinate Magic Planet for your event, or for more information, contact: (808) 532-3204
    • Data Visualization and Integration Science on a Sphere • Hawaii has two SOS installations • Used in museum exhibits • Reaches students and community • Educates on a variety of topics • Grabs audience attention Humpback Whale Migration With Sea Surface Temperature (808) 532-3204
    • Modeling and Analysis Tools • Developed through partnerships with end users – Meet the needs of coastal resource managers • Provide decision makers with more information – Explore a wider range of management alternatives – Develop better understanding of ecosystem processes and possible responses to management actions • Enhance the usability of remotely sensed data products – Add value to existing data products – Save time by automating processes
    • Featured Tools 1. Impervious Surface Analysis Tool (ISAT) • Calculates the percentage of impervious surface cover for a given geographic area 2. Nonpoint-Source Pollution and Erosion Comparison Tool (N-SPECT) • Examines land cover to calculate runoff, nonpoint source pollution, and erosion 3. Habitat Priority Planner (HPP) • Identifies priority locations for conservation and restoration planning, and performs query visualizations
    • Common Characteristics Cost of the tool • Free Software requirements • ArcGIS 9.2 (SP 4) • Spatial Analyst extension Data requirements • Raster land cover • Site-specific ancillary information (free and downloadable) GIS skill level • Intermediate Support • Documentation • Online help files • Training
    • ISAT Fundamentals • Impervious surfaces impact water quality and quantity • ISAT estimates the percentage of a given area covered by impervious surfaces • Impervious surface areas can be recalculated for different land cover and land use scenarios
    • ISAT Data Needs • Land cover • Impervious surface • Analysis units coefficients • Population density (optional)
    • ISAT Outputs • New shapefile based on analysis units • Attributes updated with total area, impervious surface area, and percent impervious surface
    • N-SPECT Fundamentals • Nonpoint source pollutants impact water quality • N-SPECT estimates storm runoff, eroded sediment, and pollutant loads, and tracks these loads as they accumulate downstream. • Allows comparisons of different land cover and land use scenarios
    • N-SPECT Data Needs • Land cover • Topography • Soils • Precipitation • Rainfall erosivity • Pollutant coefficients • Water quality standards
    • N-SPECT Outputs • Watershed delineations • Pollutant loads • Runoff volume • Pollutant concentrations • Sediment loads
    • HPP Fundamentals • HPP is a geospatial planning tool that can be used to: – Inventory habitat conditions – Identify, rank, and prioritize restoration and/or conservation sites – Provide spatial planning support to natural resource managers – Analyze proposed changes in land use or land cover – Create maps, reports, and queries
    • HPP Data Needs and Workflow Data Needs Workflow • Raster land cover • Step 1: Classify Habitats • Project specific points, • Step 2: Habitat Analysis lines, or polygons • Step 3: Explore Data
    • Step 1 – Classify Habitats UNIQUE GROUPED SIMPLE
    • Land Use Scenario BEFORE AFTER
    • Step 2 – Habitat Analysis Core Metrics Quality Connectivity • Size • Proximity • Perimeter-area ratio • Nearest neighbor • Core area CORE AREA PROXIMITY NEAREST NEIGHBOR
    • Step 2 – Habitat Analysis Custom Metrics • Count • Distance to • Presence/absence • Polygon overlay • Linear distance within
    • Step 3 – Explore Data Participatory GIS • Interactive planning • Group decisions • Quick analysis • Develop site specific applications
    • HPP Outputs Classified Habitats Reports Prioritized Sites
    • Land Cover Atlas • Online land cover summary and analysis website • Summarizes land cover for user defined areas • Will not require GIS software • Publicly available
    • Tool Considerations • Broadly applicable screening tools • Provide decision support, not decisions • Require human interaction, stakeholder input • Data are limiting factors, and don’t come with tool • Analysis time dependent on extent, resolution, and process complexity
    • For More Information: Digital Coast Legislative Atlas Training (808) 525-5387 (808) 532-3769 NOAA Pacific Services Center 737 Bishop St., Suite 2550 Honolulu, Hawaii 96813