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Cataloging in 3-D: Three-Dimensional Artifacts and Realia

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  • This is the first time I’m teaching this class, so any feedback will be greatly appreciated.
  • AACR2 was mainly meant to handle books. Chapter 10 relates to three-dimensional objects, but it’s still sort of within the framework of rules set up for print materials. Thus, a lot of cataloger’s judgment is needed. In a way, what’s hard is also what’s fun. Also, we can all learn from each other’s experiences. I’d like to promote sharing of ideas in this class.
  • Here are the descriptions from OCLC’s Bibliographic Formats and Standards about the four type codes that can be used for visual materials.
  • Questions on Section 1?
  • Some of these we will just touch on, as there is nothing different about them when used for three-dimensional objects.
  • Questions about section 2?
  • Of the title fields, we are just going to talk about 245 and 246.
  • Notice the phrase “chief source of information”
  • Information on the item itself is preferred to information from accompanying material, but it all counts as the chief source of information.
  • No punctuation between title proper and GMD.
  • Usually, a subtitle will be the other title information. Precede a subtitle with space colon space.
  • Space slash space before the statement of responsibility.
  • 1 = title added entry, 0 = no title added entry
  • 245 always ends with period. Questions about title and statement of responsibility?
  • Varying form of the title can also include portions of the title.
  • Varying form of the title can also include portions of the title. Don’t include initial articles, since there is no way to indicate nonfiling characters with this field.
  • Questions about varying title?
  • Questions about edition area?
  • This is the only area where the rules are unique to chapter 10.
  • Abbreviationsfor state are given in AACR2.Same rules as far as place in your own country first.
  • Abbreviationsfor state are given in AACR2.Same rules as far as place in your own country first.
  • This is the only area where the rules are unique to chapter 10.Abbreviations for state are given in AACR2.Same rules as far as place in your own country first.
  • It sometimes can be difficult to tell which company fulfills which role. Some research might be involved.
  • Questions about publication area?
  • Some of these we will just touch on, as there is nothing different about them when used for three-dimensional objects.
  • You’ve probably noticed that although the same terms are used they mean different things for different types of items.
  • You don’t have to list all of the pieces here; you can list them in a note later.
  • Questions about physical description area?
  • You probably won’t see a series statement too often with three-dimensional objects.
  • Questions about series area?
  • There are others in AACR2, but these are the ones that we are going to look at today.
  • “to be used to name or explain the form of the item as necessary.”
  • If you want to make an added entry, the information has to be in the record.
  • Objective summary
  • Only include an audience note if the audience is stated on the item.
  • Notes end in punctuation.
  • Sometimes, indicators are defined for these fields, but they generate display constants not usually seen in realia records. Questions about notes?
  • Main entries and added entries are covered in AACR2, Chapter 21, Choice of Access Points.
  • Questions about main and added entries?
  • Questions about subject headings?
  • Questions about control fields?
  • I would add that to a certain extent, “consistently” = “correctly”. Be consistent in how you catalog items of the same type, so your patrons will know what to expect from your catalog.
  • Remember to fill out evaluation forms.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Cataloging in 3-D!!!
      Three-Dimensional Artifacts and Realia
      Emily Dust Nimsakont ∙ Nebraska Library Commission ∙ March 25, 2010
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/perverted_introvert/4197802039/
    • 2. Schedule
      Section 1
      Section 2
      Section 3
      Practice Exercise 1
      Section 4
      Practice Exercise 2
      Lunch
      Section 5
      Section 6
      Practice Exercise 3
      Practice and Questions
    • 3. Section 1
      What are three-dimensional artifacts and realia?
      What’s so hard about cataloging these items?
      AACR2 VS. MARC
      Rules for describing three-dimensional artifacts and realia
      MARC21 Standards
    • 4. What are three-dimensional artifacts and realia?
      “Three-dimensional objects of all kinds (other than those covered in previous chapters), including models, dioramas, games, braille cassettes, sculptures, and other three-dimensional art works, exhibits, machines, and clothing…naturally occurring objects, including microscope specimens and other specimens mounted for viewing.” – AACR2, Chapter 10
    • 5. What are three-dimensional artifacts and realia?
      Photo credits: http://www.flickr.com/photos/greencolander/2160382976/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/damian613/3301425807/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/wwiggins/21403816/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/cornelluniversitylibrary/3855923917/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/aplumb/312288932/
    • 6. What’s so hard about cataloging these items?
      They are different from what we are used to cataloging
      A great deal of cataloger’s judgment is needed
    • 7. AACR2 vs. MARC
      Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, 2nd ed. rev., 2005.
      Rules for describing items in a catalog record.
      MAchineReadable Cataloging
      Communication standard
      Framework for catalog record
    • 8. Rules for Describing Three-Dimensional Artifacts and Realia
      AACR2
      Chapter 10
      with some referrals to Chapter 1
      as necessary
    • 9. MARC 21 Standards
      http://www.loc.gov/marc/
      http://www.loc.gov/marc/umb/
    • 10. MARC 21 Formats
      Bibliographic
      Authority
      Community Information
      Holdings
      Classification
    • 11. Bibliographic Format
      Books
      Continuing Resources
      Visual Materials
      Maps
      Sound Recordings Scores
      Computer Files
      Mixed Materials
    • 12. Type Codes for Records
      a: Language material [text]
      c: Printed music
      e: Cartographic material
      g: Projected medium
      i: Nonmusical sound recording
      j: Musical sound recording
      m: Computer file
      o: Kit
      p: Mixed materials
      r: 3D artifact or natural object
      k: 2 dimensional non-projected graphics
    • 13. Type Codes for Visual Materials
      VIS
      g Projected medium. Filmstrips, motion pictures, slides, transparencies, videorecordings (including digital videos) and material specifically designed for overhead projection. All of the included media are intended for projection.
      k Two-dimensional nonprojectable graphic. Cards, charts, collages, computer graphics, drawings, duplication masters, flash cards, paintings, photonegatives, photoprints, pictures, digital pictures, photo CDs, postcards, posters, prints, spirit masters, study prints, technical drawings, transparency masters, photomechanical reproductions and reproductions of any of these. Include any bound collections of reproducible masters.
      r Three-dimensional artifact or naturally occurring object. Models, dioramas, games, puzzles, simulations, sculptures and other three-dimensional art works, exhibits, machines, clothing, toys, and stitchery. Also for microscope specimens (or representations of them) and other specimens mounted for viewing.
      o Kit. Mixtures of various components issued as a unit and intended primarily for instructional purposes. No one component is identifiable as the predominant component. Examples are packages of assorted materials, such as a set of K–12 social studies curriculum material (books, workbooks, guides, activities, etc.) or packages of educational test materials (tests, answer sheets, scoring guides, score charts, interpretative manuals, etc.).
    • 14. Visual Materials
    • 15.
    • 16. MARC review for All Fields
      Tags
      Indicate what kind of information is included in each field
      Indicators
      Digits or blanks that give the computer instructions or information about the data contained in the field
      Delimiters
      Precede each subfield, usually denoted with $, #, _, or #.
      Subfield codes
      Single letters or digits indicate what type of information is in a subfield.
    • 17. MARC review for All Fields
      245 00 $a Taboo $h [game] : $b the game of unspeakable fun
      Delimiters
      Tag
      Indicators
      Subfield codes
    • 18. Section 2
      Technical reading
      Eight areas of description
      MARC fields
    • 19. Technical Reading
      What is it?
      What information is available to describe the work?
      What information is available for providing access points?
    • 20. Eight areas of description
      Title and statement of responsibility area
      Edition area
      Material specific details area (not used for three dimensional artifacts and realia)
      Publication, distribution, etc., area.
      Series area
      Physical description area
      Note area
      Standard number and terms of availability area
    • 21. MARC Tags by hundreds
      0XX Control info., classification, codes, etc.
      1XX Main entries
      2XX Titles, edition, imprint
      3XX Physical description, etc.
      4XX Series statements
      5XX Notes
      6XX Subject access fields
      7XX Added entries
      8XX Series added entries, holdings, location, etc.
      9XX Locally-defined uses
    • 22. Section 3
      Title and statement of responsibility area
      MARC 20X-24X
      Edition area
      MARC 250
      Publication, distribution, etc. area
      MARC 260
    • 23. Title and Statement of Responsibility Area
      AACR2
      Chapter 10.1A-G
      10.1B “Transcribe the title proper as instructed in 1.1B. … If the title proper is not taken from the chief source of information, give the source of the title in a note (see 10.73)”
      1.1B “Transcribe the title proper exactly as to wording, order, and spelling, but not necessarily as to punctuation and capitalization…”
    • 24. What is the chief source of information?
      AACR2 10.0B
      “The chief source of information for the materials covered in this chapter is the object itself, together with any accompanying textual material and container issued by the publisher or manufacturer of the item.”
    • 25. Title proper
      If the object is packaged, a title is usually provided
    • 26. Title proper
      If a title is not provided, the cataloger supplies a title. (Put the title in brackets and include a note indicating that you supplied it.)
    • 27. Title proper
      Taboo
      [Limestone rock]
      Clifford the big red dog
      Cow
      Community action toolkit
    • 28. General Material Designation(GMD)
      An optional rule (but usually used for non-text items)
      Select GMD term from list 2 in rule 1.1C1.
      Give the GMD immediately following the title proper
      The GMD is enclosed in brackets
    • 29. General Material Designation(GMD)
      Most common GMDs used for non-book items:
      art original
      diorama
      game
      kit
      model
      realia
      toy
    • 30. Title proper with GMD
      Taboo [game]
      [Limestone rock] [realia]
      [Clifford the big red dog] [toy]
      Cow [toy]
      Community action toolkit [kit]
    • 31. Other title information
      AACR2
      Rule 10.1E1 Transcribe other title information as instructed in 1.1E1 “Transcribe all other title information appearing in the chief source of information …”
    • 32. Title proper [gmd] : other title information
      Taboo [game] : the game of unspeakable fun
      Community action toolkit [kit] : a do-it-yourself kit for education renewal
    • 33. Statements of responsibility
      AACR2
      Rule 10.1F1. “Transcribe statements relating to persons or bodies responsible for the creation of the item, or for its display or selection, as instruction in 1.1F1.”
      Rule 1.1F1 “ Transcribe statements of responsibility appearing prominently in the item in the form in which they appear there. …”
    • 34. Title [gmd] : subtitle / statement of responsibility examples
      Community action toolkit [kit] : a do-it-yourself kit for education renewal / National Education Goals Panel.
      [Tea kettle] [art original] / Hiroshi Sueyoshi.
    • 35. MARC Format for Title and Statement of Responsibility
      245 field
      Indicators
      1st Title added entry
      2nd Filing indicator
    • 36. 245 subfield codes
      a: title proper
      h: medium [GMD]
      b: remainder of title
      c: statement of responsibility
    • 37. Title/GMD/statement of responsibility area with MARC
      245 00 $a Taboo $h [game] : $b the game of unspeakable fun.
      245 00 $a [Limestone rock] $h [realia].
      245 00 $a Clifford the big red dog $h [toy].
      245 00 $a Community action toolkit $h [kit] : $b a do-it-yourself kit for education renewal / $c National Education Goals Panel.
      245 00 $a Cow $h [toy].
    • 38. Varying Forms of Title
      AACR2
      Rule 21.30J
      “Make an added entry for any version of the title (e.g., cover title, caption title, running title, panel title, title on container, title bar title) that is significantly different from the title proper.”
    • 39. Varying forms of the titleexamples
      Title proper: Happy massager
      Varying form: Original happy massager [title from tag]
      Title proper: JengaXtreme
      Varying form: Jenga extreme [title supplied by cataloger]
    • 40. MARC Format for Varying Forms of the Title
      246 field
      Indicators
      1st indicator = Note/added entry
      Most commonly used
      1 – Note, added entry
      3 – No note, added entry
      2nd indicator = Type of title
      Most commonly used
      Blank No type specified
      0 Portion of title
      3 Other title
      4 Cover title
    • 41. MARC Format for Varying Forms of the Title
      Subfield codes (most commonly used)
      $a Title proper
      $b Remainder of title
      $i Display text
    • 42. MARC Format for Varying Forms of the Title
      246 1 _ Original happy massager
      246 3 _ Jenga extreme
    • 43. Edition area
      AACR2
      Rule 10.2
      Rule 1.2
      Transcribe edition statement as it appears on item, using AACR2 abbreviations
      Second edition = 2nd ed.
      Chicago White Sox World Series Edition= Chicago White Sox World Series ed.
    • 44. MARC Format for Edition Area
      250 field
      Both indicators are blank
      Subfields
      a = edition statement
      b = remainder of edition statement
    • 45. MARC Format for Edition Area
      250 _ _ $a 2nd ed.
      250 _ _ $a Chicago White Sox World Series ed.
    • 46. Publication, distribution, etc., area
      AACR2
      Rule 10.4
      Rule 1.4
      Place of publication : Publisher, Date of publication.
    • 47. Publication, distribution, etc., area
      Place of publication
      Transcribed as it appears on the item (but use AACR2 abbreviations for states)
      If locations in multiple countries are listed, use the first one, plus the first one in your country
      If you don’t know the place of publication, use [S.l.]
    • 48. Publication, distribution, etc., area
      Place of publication
      Pawtucket, R.I.
    • 49. Publication, distribution, etc., area
      Publisher
      Transcribe enough information as is needed to locate the publisher
      If publisher is not known, use [s.n.]
    • 50. Publication, distribution, etc., area
      Publisher
      Pawtucket, R.I. : Hasbro
    • 51. Publication, distribution, etc., area
      Date of publication
      Use copyright date if no other publication date is given
      If date is not known, use [n.d.]
    • 52. Publication, distribution, etc., area
      Date of publication
      Pawtucket, R.I. : Hasbro, c2000.
    • 53. Publisher vs. distributor vs. manufacturer?
      Publisher: “an entity responsible for making the resource available” http://jsearchy.sourceforge.net/doc/quick/node8.html
      Manufacturer: “a business that makes or processes raw materials into a finished product” http://www.mmd.admin.state.mn.us/mn06008.htm
      Distributor: “A business that maintains a store, warehouse, or other establishment in which a line or lines of products are kept in inventory and are sold to the public on a wholesale or retail basis” http://www.mmd.admin.state.mn.us/mn06008.htm
    • 54. Publisher vs. distributor vs. manufacturer?
      When you have both a publisher and distributor, including the distributor’s name is optional
      If you don’t have a publisher, a manufacturer’s name can be used instead
    • 55. Publication, distribution, etc., area
      If the object is naturally occurring, do not use include a publication area
      Do not use [S.l. : s.n.]
    • 56. Publication, distribution, etc., area - Examples
      Pawtucket, R.I. : Hasbro, c2000.
      Tempe, Ariz. : RGU Group, c2008.
    • 57. MARC Format for Publication, Distribution, etc., Area
      260 field
      Subfields
      a = Place of publication, distribution, etc.
      b = Name of publisher, distributor, etc.
      c = Date of publication, distribution, etc.
      e = Place of manufacture
      f = Manufacturer
      g = Date of manufacture
    • 58. MARC Format for Publication, Distribution, etc., Area
      260 _ _ $a Pawtucket, R.I. $b : Hasbro, $c c2000.
      260 _ _ $a Tempe, Ariz. $b : RGU Group, $c c2008.
    • 59. Practice Exercise 1
      Title and statement of responsibility
      Varying form of title (if applicable)
      Publication area
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sharynmorrow/2298633104/
    • 60. Eight areas of description
      Title and statement of responsibility area
      Edition area
      Material specific details area (not used for three dimensional artifacts and realia)
      Publication, distribution, etc., area.
      Series area
      Physical description area
      Note area
      Standard number and terms of availability area
    • 61. Section 4
      Physical description area
      MARC 300
      Series area
      MARC 490/8XX
      Note area
      MARC 5XX
    • 62. Physical description area
      AACR2
      Rule 10.5
      Extent of item
      Other physical details
      Dimensions
      Accompanying material
    • 63. Extent of Item
      Record the number of physical units plus the name of the item (called the specific material designation or SMD).
    • 64. Extent of Item
    • Extent of Item
      AACR2 Rule 10.5B1 “If none of these terms are appropriate, give the specific name of the item or the names of the parts of the items as concisely as possible.”
      Examples:
      1 kit
      1 geode
      2 hand puppets
    • 74. Extent of Item - Examples
      1 game
      1 stuffed animal
      1 kit
    • 75. Extent of Item - Examples
      Can get more specific and list pieces individually
      Taboo has: 504 cards, 1 card holder, 1 buzzer, 1 timer, 1 scorepad, 1 instruction sheet
      Kit has: 1 presenter's guide, 10 game posters, 1 paper puppet, 1 puppet announcement
    • 76. Other Physical Details
      Material
      1 bowl : porcelain
      1 paperweight : glass
      If the material can not be described concisely, omit it or include it in a note
      Color
      1 bowl : porcelain, blue and white
      1 paperweight : glass, col.
    • 77. Other Physical Details - Examples
      1 game (504 cards, 1 card holder, 1 buzzer, 1 timer, 1 scorepad, 1 instruction sheet) : cardboard and plastic, col.
      1 stuffed animal : fabric, red
    • 78. Dimensions
      Give the dimensions of the object in centimeters. Give multiple dimensions as height x width x depth.
      1 sculpture : polished bronze ; 110 cm. high
      If the object is in a container, you can give the dimensions of the container.
      1 jigsaw puzzle : cardboard, col. ; in box 25 x 32 x 5 cm.
    • 79. Dimensions - Examples
      1 game (504 cards, 1 card holder, 1 buzzer, 1 timer, 1 scorepad, 1 instruction sheet) : cardboard and plastic, col. ; in box 27 x 21 x 9 cm.
      1 stuffed animal : fabric, red ; 18x 40 x 75cm.
    • 80. Accompanying Material
      Include number of physical units and name of any accompanying material
      1 hand puppet : felt, red and blue ; 20 cm. long + 1 teacher’s guide
    • 81. Accompanying Material - Example
      1 figurine : plastic, col. ; in box 19 x 26 x 14 cm. + 10 videodiscs.
    • 82. MARC Format for Physical Description Area
      300 field
      Both indicators are undefined
      Subfield Codes
      a = extent
      b = other physical details
      c = dimensions
      e = accompanying material
    • 83. Physical Description Area
      300 _ _ $a 1 jigsaw puzzle : $b cardboard, col. ; $c in box 25 x 32 x 5 cm.
      300 _ _ $a 1 hand puppet : $b felt, red and blue ; $c 20 cm. long + $e 1 teacher’s guide
    • 84. Physical Description Area - Examples
      300 _ _ $a 504 cards, 1 card holder, 1 buzzer, 1 timer, 1 scorepad, 1 instruction sheet : $b cardboard and plastic, col. ; $c in box 27 x 21 x 9 cm.
      300 _ _ $a 1 stuffed animal : $b fabric, red ; $c 18x 40 x 75cm.
    • 85. Series Area
      AACR2
      Rule 10.6
      Rule 1.6
      If there is a series statement on the item, transcribe it as it appears
      Example: Family game classics
    • 86. MARC Format for Series Area
      490 field
      1st indicator
      0 = not traced
      1 = traced
      2nd indicator is undefined
      8XX field, usually 830
      1st indicator is undefined
      2nd indicator = number of non-filing characters
    • 87. MARC Format for Series Area
      490 1 _ Family game classics
      830 _ 0 Family game classics.
    • 88. Note Area
      AACR2
      Rule 10.7
      Rule 1.7
      Common uses of notes for three-dimensional items
      Source of title
      Nature of the item
      Physical description
      Accompanying material
      Summary
      Audience
    • 89. Note: Source of Title
      Title supplied by cataloger.
      Title from container.
    • 90. Note: Nature of the Item
      Section of a fetal pig mandible.
      For 4 or more players.
    • 91. Note: Statement of Responsibility
      Developed by Frederick A. Rasmussen of Educational Research Council of America.
      Based on the main character of the Clifford books by Norman Bridwell.
    • 92. Note: Physical Description
      Four times actual size. The parts of the ear are painted to show anatomical structure.
      Includes 504 Taboo cards, 1 card holder, 1 buzzer, 1 timer, 1 scorepad, and 1 instruction sheet.
    • 93. Note: Accompanying Material
      With instructor and student guides.
      With 10 DVDs.
    • 94. Note: Summary
      Storytelling kit with small velcro objects to help teach how to count objects, identify numerals up to 100, and sequence numbers up to 20 using leaves, apples and foam numbers that can be placed on the tree. Guide gives ideas for counting, simple arithmetic and sequencing activities.
    • 95. Note: Summary
      Pick a card and get your team to say the secret word without using the taboo words listed on the same card as clues.
    • 96. Note: Audience
      Ages 8 and up.
      For adults.
    • 97. MARC Format for Note Area
      5XX fields
      General note = 500 field
      Summary note = 520 field
      Audience note = 521 field
      Both indicators are undefined
      Subfield a is only mandatory subfield
    • 98. MARC Format for Note Area
      500 _ _ $a Title supplied by cataloger.
      500 _ _ $a For 4 or more players.
      500 _ _ $a Includes 504 Taboo cards, 1 card holder, 1 buzzer, 1 timer, 1 scorepad, and 1 instruction sheet.
      500 _ _ $a With instructor and student guides.
    • 99. MARC Format for Note Area
      520 _ _ $a Pick a card and get your team to say the secret word without using the taboo words listed on the same card as clues.
      521 _ _ $a Ages 8 and up.
    • 100. Practice Exercise 2
      Physical Description
      Notes
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/62337512@N00/2615993927/
    • 101. Section 5
      Main entries
      MARC 1XX
      Added entries
      MARC 7XX
      Subject headings
      MARC 6XX
    • 102. Main Entries
      Most of the time, the main entry for a piece of realia will be the title.
      Exceptions include things like pieces of art, where one person is the creator
    • 103. MARC Format for Main Entries
      Title is main entry:
      245 00 $a Trivial pursuit $h [game].
      Artist is main entry:
      100 1_ $a Sueyoshi, Hiroshi.
      245 10 $a [Tea kettle] $h [art original] / $c Hiroshi Sueyoshi.
    • 104. Added Entries
      Used for publishers, etc.
      Should be in authorized form
      Example:
      appears on item as Hasbro
    • 105. Searching Authority File
      OCLC Connexion
    • 106. Searching Authority File
      OCLC Connexion
    • 107. Searching Authority File
      OCLC Connexion
    • 108. Searching Authority File
      http://authorities.loc.gov
    • 109. Searching Authority File
      http://authorities.loc.gov
    • 110. Searching Authority File
    • 111. Added Entries
      Can also indicate related persons
      Example:
      Bridwell, Norman.
    • 112. MARC Format for Added Entries
      7XX fields
      Personal name = 700 field
      1st indicator
      0 = forename
      1 = surname
      2 = family name
      2nd indicator
      blank = no information provided
      2 = analytical entry
    • 113. MARC Format for Added Entries
      7XX fields
      Corporate name = 710 field
      1st indicator
      0 = inverted name
      1 = jurisdiction name
      2 = name in direct order
      2nd indicator
      blank = no information provided
      2 = analytical entry
    • 114. MARC Format for Added Entries
      710 2_ $a Hasbro, Inc.
      700 1 _ $a Bridwell, Norman.
    • 115. Subject Headings
      Can describe what the item is
      Word games.
      Jigsaw puzzles.
      Monopoly (Game).
    • 116. Subject Headings
      Can describe what the item is about
      United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
      Chicago White Sox (Baseball team).
    • 117. MARC Format for Subject Headings
      6XX fields
      Topical headings = 650
      Geographic headings = 651
      Corporate headings = 610
      Personal name headings = 600
    • 118. MARC Format for Subject Headings
      650 _0 $a Word games.
      650 _0 $a Monopoly (Game).
      651 _0 $a United States $x History $y Civil War, 1861-1865.
      610 2 0 $a Chicago White Sox (Baseball team).
    • 119. Section 6
      Control info, classification, codes, etc.
      MARC 0XX
      Fixed fields
    • 120. Control info, classification, and codes, etc.
      020 field = ISBN (Not always found on three-dimensional items)
      024 = other standard number (such as UPC)
      028 = publisher number
    • 121. Control info, classification, and codes, etc.
      024 10 $a 641939111896
      024 10 $a 032244040153
      028 50 $a 04015 $b Hasbro
    • 122. Fixed Fields
      Visual materials workform
    • 123. Fixed Fields
      Type (Type of record) field
      g = projected medium
      k = two-dimensional non-projected graphic
      r = three-dimensional non-projected graphic
      o = kits
    • 124. Fixed Fields
    • Fixed Fields
      • Lang (Language) field
      • 134. Use abbreviation for language of accompanying material if object itself has no linguistic material
      • 135. If object has no linguistic material and no accompanying material, use zxx
    • Fixed Fields
      Fields NOT applicable to three-dimensional items
      Tech = n
      Time = nnn
    • 136. Practice Exercise 3
      Main and added entries
      Control fields
      Fixed fields
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/vatsug/73577528/
    • 137. Practice and Questions
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/12364944/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/konradfoerstner/4168966589/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/24350382@N07/2949435839/
    • 138. A Final Note on Cataloging Three-Dimensional Items
      “The perfect is the enemy of the good.”
      --Voltaire
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/chemheritage/3200074302/
    • 139. A Final Note on Cataloging Three-Dimensional Items
      “While we want our cataloging to be done correctly, the more important word of the two (done and correctly) is ‘done.’ Make a decision, and then go on to the next. Once a decision is made, don’t go back to it. Get the cataloging done.”
      Nancy Olson, Cataloging of Audiovisual Materials and Other Special Materials: A Manual Based on AACR2.
    • 140. Thank you!
      Emily Dust Nimsakont
      Cataloging Librarian
      Nebraska Library Commission
      800-307-2665
      emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov

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