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RDA is Here: Are You Ready?

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RDA is Here: Are You Ready?

  1. 1. RDA is Here: Are You Ready? Emily Dust Nimsakont • Nebraska Library Commission March 28, 2013 Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stmpjmpr/4922756740/
  2. 2. What is RDA? Why RDA? A Foray into FRBR What will be different now? What might be different later? How to prepare
  3. 3. What Is RDA? • Resource Description and Access • Cataloging code to replace AACR2 • Content standard, not display standard or encoding standard
  4. 4. • Work started on AACR3 2003 • Focus changed to RDA 2005 • RDA published 2010 • RDA tested by national libraries 2010-2011 The Story So Far…
  5. 5. March 31, 2013 Implementation Date
  6. 6. What is RDA? Why RDA? A Foray into FRBR What will be different now? What might be different later? How to prepare
  7. 7. It’s not the 1970s anymore… Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sacheverelle/2659497000/
  8. 8. Our catalogs have changed. Photo credits: http://www.flickr.com/photos/annarbor/4349876203/, http://www.flickr.com/ph
  9. 9. The things we catalog have changed. And they will continue to change. Photo credits: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cjc/3494515480/, http://www.flickr.com/photos/mdurwin/3082945477/
  10. 10. The information universe has changed. Photo credits: http://www.flickr.com/photos/thms/2821859479/, http://www.flickr.com/photos /herzogbr/2115042793/
  11. 11. What is RDA? Why RDA? A Foray into FRBR What will be different now? What might be different later? How to prepare
  12. 12. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
  13. 13. User Tasks Find Identify Select Obtain FISO
  14. 14. User Tasks “to find entities that correspond to the user’s search criteria”
  15. 15. User Tasks “to identify an entity (i.e., to confirm that the entity described corresponds to the entity sought, or to distinguish between two or more entities with similar characteristics)”
  16. 16. User Tasks “to select an entity that is appropriate to the user’s needs (i.e., to choose an entity that meets the user’s requirements with respect to content, physical format, etc. ...)”
  17. 17. User Tasks “to acquire or obtain access to the entity described (i.e., to acquire an entity through purchase, loan, e tc., or to access an entity electronically…)”
  18. 18. “a conceptual entity-relationship model … that relates user tasks of retrieval and access in online library catalogues and bibliographic databases from a user’s perspective” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FRBR
  19. 19. What’s an entity? “a thing which is recognized as being capable of an independent existence and which can be uniquely identified” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entity-relationship_model Entity Entity Entity
  20. 20. Entities have attributes. Entity Entity Entity Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attributes modify entities.
  21. 21. Entities have relationships. Entity Entity Entity Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Attribute Relationships are links between entities. relationship
  22. 22. FRBR has three groups of entities. Group 1 • Work • Expression • Manifestation • Item Group 2 • Person • Corporate Body Group 3 • Concept • Object • Place • Event • Group 1 & 2 Entities
  23. 23. 23 Work Expression Manifestation Item is realized through is embodied in is exemplified by recursive one many Group 1 Image credit: Barbara Tillett, Library of Congress
  24. 24. Image credit: http://www.frbr.org/2006/02/25/more-relationships-between-groups
  25. 25. What is RDA? Why RDA? A Foray into FRBR What will be different now? What might be different later? How to prepare
  26. 26. RDA Structure Recording Attributes Section 1 – Recording Attributes of Manifestation and Item Section 2 – Recording Attributes of Work and Expression Section 3 – Recording Attributes of Person, Family, and Corporate Body Section 4 – Recording Attributes of Concept, Object, Event, and Place
  27. 27. RDA Structure Recording Attributes • Recording Relationships – Section 5 – Recording Primary Relationships Between a Work, Expression, Manifestation, and Item – Section 6 – Recording Relationships to Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies Associated with a Resource – Section 7 – Recording Subject Relationships – Section 8 – Recording Relationships Between Works, Expressions, Manifestations and Items – Section 9 – Recording Relationships Between Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies – Section 10 – Recording Relationships Between Concepts, Objects, Events, and Places
  28. 28. Elements instead of Areas Chicago : American Library Association, 1999. Chicago American Library Association 1999
  29. 29. Core Elements • Some elements defined as core in RDA • Some elements are core in certain circumstances - “core-if” • Library of Congress treats additional elements as core • Libraries can make their own local decisions about core elements
  30. 30. Changes in Terminology AACR2 RDA Heading Authorized Access Point See Reference Variant Access Point See Also Reference Authorized Access Point for Related Entry Physical Description Carrier Description General Material Designation Content Type; Media Type; Carrier Type Chief Source Preferred Source
  31. 31. Lack of Abbreviations 253 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm. NOT 253 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
  32. 32. Lack of Latin Abbreviations [Chicago] : American Library Association, 1967. OR [Place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1967. NOT [S.l. : s.n.], 1967.
  33. 33. Lack of Latin Abbreviations Micromagentic study of magnetoeleastic materials Title should read: Micromagnetic study of magnetoeleastic materials NOT Micromagentic [sic] study of magnetoeleastic materials
  34. 34. No Rule of Three in Statement of Responsibility … / by Nancy Drew, George Fayne, Bess Marvin, and Ned Nickerson. OR … / by Nancy Drew *and three others+. NOT … / by Nancy Drew … *et al.+.
  35. 35. More Transcription - “Take What You See” Third edition NOT 3rd ed. (if that is how it appears on the item)
  36. 36. More Transcription - “Take What You See” forward by Dr. John Smith NOT forward by John Smith (if that is how it appears on the item)
  37. 37. More Transcription - “Take What You See” Chicago, IL NOT Chicago, Ill. (if that is how it appears on the item)
  38. 38. Content Type, Media Type and Carrier Type two-dimensional moving image rdacontent video rdamedia videodisc rda carrier NOT Avatar [videorecording]
  39. 39. Relator Terms • Smith, John, approximately 1837-1896, author
  40. 40. Some Changes to Headings Smith, John, approximately 1837-1896 NOT Smith, John, ca. 1837-1896
  41. 41. Some Changes to Headings Bible. Corinthians. NOT Bible. N.T. Corinthians.
  42. 42. Some Changes to Headings Nebraska. Department of Roads. NOT Nebraska. Dept. of Roads.
  43. 43. New MARC Fields • 336, 337, 338 • Content type, media type, carrier type 336 _ _ $a text $2 rdacontent 337 _ _ $a unmediated $2 rdamedia 338 _ _ $a volume $2 rdacarrier 336 _ _ $a two-dimensional moving image $2 rdacontent 337 _ _ $a computer $2 rdamedia 337 _ _ $a video $2 rdamedia 338 _ _ $a online resource $2 rdacarrier
  44. 44. New MARC Fields 336 _ _ $a text $b txt $2 rdacontent 337 _ _ $a unmediated $b n $2 rdamedia 338 _ _ $a volume $b nc $2 rdacarrier 336 _ _ $3 book $a text $2 rdacontent 336 _ _ $3 CD $a spoken word $2 rdacontent 337 _ _ $3 book $a unmediated $2 rdamedia 337 _ _ $3 CD $a audio $2 rdamedia 338 _ _ $3 book $a volume $2 rdacarrier 338 _ _ $3 CD $a audio disc $2 rdacarrier
  45. 45. New MARC Fields • 264 • Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufactur e and Copyright Statements • First indicator: – Sequence of statements # - Not applicable/No information provided/Earliest 2 - Intervening 3 - Current/latest
  46. 46. New MARC Fields • 264 • Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture and Copyright Statements • Second indicator: – Function of entity 0 - Production 1 - Publication 2 - Distribution 3 - Manufacture 4 - Copyright notice date
  47. 47. New MARC Fields • 344 – sound characteristics • 345 – projection characteristics of moving image • 346 – video characteristics • 347 – digital file characteristics
  48. 48. New MARC Fields • 040 $e = rda
  49. 49. OCLC Connexion
  50. 50. OCLC Connexion
  51. 51. Differences in Authority Records • 046 - Special Coded Dates • 368 – Other Corporate Body Attributes • 370 - Associated Place • 371 - Address • 372 - Field of Activity • 373 - Associated Group • 374 - Occupation • 375 - Gender • 376 - Family Information • 378 - Fuller Form of Personal Name
  52. 52. Examples of RDA Records Examples on RDA Toolkit Website http://www.rdatoolkit.org/examples/MARC
  53. 53. Examples of RDA Records • OCLC Records • Search “rda” in descriptive conventions (dx:) • Add limiters (format, year, material type) • Can add limiter for your own library • Can add limiter of date created as MARC (dm:) and write the date as YYYYMMDD
  54. 54. What is RDA? Why RDA? A Foray into FRBR What will be different now? What might be different later? How to prepare
  55. 55. OLAC Moving Image Discovery Interface http://blazing-sunset-24.heroku.com/
  56. 56. Scherzo, Indiana University http://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/scherzo/
  57. 57. AustLit http://www.austlit.edu.au/subscribe/samples.xml
  58. 58. New Search Options
  59. 59. Open Library as an Example http://www.openlibrary.org
  60. 60. Richer Authority Records Jane Austen Women authors From England Wrote in 1800s
  61. 61. Semantic Web/Linked Data
  62. 62. Wikipedia says… “Linked Data describes a method of publishing structured data, so that it can be interlinked and become more useful. It builds upon standard web technologies, such as HTTP and URIs - but rather than using them to serve web pages for human readers, it extends them to share information in a way that can be read automatically by computers.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linked_Data
  63. 63. resource resource resource resource resource links to links to links to links to
  64. 64. data links to links to links to links to data data data data data data data data data data data
  65. 65. HTML <h1>This is a heading.</h1> <p>This is a paragraph.</p>
  66. 66. RDF/XML <rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.recshop.fake/cd/Empi re Burlesque"> <cd:artist>Bob Dylan</cd:artist> <cd:country>USA</cd:country> <cd:company>Columbia</cd:company> <cd:price>10.90</cd:price> <cd:year>1985</cd:year> </rdf:Description> http://www.w3schools.com/rdf/rdf_example.asp
  67. 67. Relationships are key Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/brenda-starr/3509344100/
  68. 68. We are used to connecting pieces of information based on their context. Title: A Christmas Carol Author: Charles Dickens
  69. 69. Linked Data makes the relationships explicit. subject object A Christmas Carol Charles Dickens has author predicate
  70. 70. <rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.recshop.fake/cd/Empi re Burlesque"> <cd:artist>Bob Dylan</cd:artist> <cd:country>USA</cd:country> <cd:company>Columbia</cd:company> <cd:price>10.90</cd:price> <cd:year>1985</cd:year> </rdf:Description> http://www.w3schools.com/rdf/rdf_example.asp
  71. 71. Civil War Data 150 http://www.civilwardata150.net
  72. 72. BIBFRAME http://bibframe.org/
  73. 73. What is RDA? Why RDA? A Foray into FRBR What will be different now? What might be different later? How to prepare
  74. 74. Decide When You Will Implement • Be prepared to deal with RDA records in copy cataloging
  75. 75. Decide How You Will Access RDA • RDA Toolkit (http://rdatoolkit.org) • Print version
  76. 76. Talk to Your ILS Vendor • How to display and index new fields
  77. 77. Vendor Interviews on the RDA Toolkit Website http://www.rdatoolkit.org/blog/category/29
  78. 78. Think about Authority Control • If you outsource this, talk to your vendor • If not, make decisions about what you will do
  79. 79. Plan for Training • Who? • How? • When?
  80. 80. Resources ALCTS RDA Webinars: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1AAFB 573158DC4A1&feature=plcp Changes from AACR2 to RDA: http://faculty.washington.edu/aschiff/ Library of Congress RDA site: http://www.loc.gov/aba/rda/ RDA Practice Group Wiki: http://rdapractice.pbworks.com
  81. 81. Emily Dust Nimsakont Cataloging Librarian Nebraska Library Commission emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov 800-307-2665 Thank you!

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