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RDA Revisited

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RDA Revisited

  1. 1. RDA Revisited Emily Dust Nimsakont Cataloging Librarian Nebraska Library Commission September 16, 2014
  2. 2. Agenda • RDA Basics • RDA Updates Since Implementation • Real World RDA • RDA Copy Cataloging Exercise • Toolkit Problem Solving • Lunch • Record Creation • Changes for the Future
  3. 3. RDA Basics
  4. 4. Fewer Abbreviations AACR2: 520 p. : col. ill.; 28 cm. RDA: 520 pages : color illustrations; 28 cm
  5. 5. Fewer Abbreviations Source: Third revised edition AACR2: 3rd rev. ed. RDA: Third revised edition Source: 2nd enlarged ed., revised AACR2: 2nd enl. ed., rev. RDA: 2nd enlarged ed., revised
  6. 6. Rule of Three is Gone Source: by Susan Brown, Melanie Carlson, Stephen Lindell, Kevin Ott, and Janet Wilson. AACR2: by Susan Brown … [et al.]. RDA: by Susan Brown, Melanie Carlson, Stephen Lindell, Kevin Ott, and Janet Wilson. RDA allows: by Susan Brown [and four others].
  7. 7. Latin Terms are Gone AACR2: [S.l. : s.n.], 2008. RDA: [Place of publication not identified] : [Publisher not identified], 2008.
  8. 8. GMD is Gone GMD (General Material Designation) = bracketed information in the title that conveys the type of material [electronic resource] [sound recording] [videorecording]
  9. 9. GMD is replaced by: –Content type (text, performed music, spoken word, etc.) –Media type (audio, microform, video, etc.) –Carrier type (audio disc, online resource, videodisc, etc) Terminology comes from lists in the RDA guidelines.
  10. 10. Photo credits: http://www.flickr.com/photos/heidigoseek/115581765/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/58571789@N00/5802294925/ Content Type
  11. 11. Photo Credits: http://www.flickr.com/photos/77961177@N00/275256542/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/57634636@N00/7185647878/ Media Type
  12. 12. Photo Credits: http://www.flickr.com/photos/77961177@N00/275256542/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/57634636@N00/7185647878/ Carrier Type
  13. 13. Relationship Designators
  14. 14. Relationship Designators
  15. 15. Relationship Designators
  16. 16. RDA Updates Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kevandotorg/6229660191/
  17. 17. Process for updating RDA • constituency proposals for changes in intent of existing instructions and addition of new instructions • a “fast track” process for correction of typographical errors, addition or removal of examples, addition of terms to vocabularies, addition of references, clarification in wording, etc. http://www.rda-jsc.org/rdaupdating.html
  18. 18. Updates since March 2013 • http://www.loc.gov/aba/rda/pdf/summary_rd a_changes_2013.pdf • http://www.loc.gov/aba/rda/pdf/summary_rd a_changes_2014.pdf
  19. 19. Summary of Updates • New instructions for sources of information for online resources • Added wording about braille to font size • Additions to glossary • Additions to Appendix I - relationship designators • Clarification of inclusion of core vs. non-core elements
  20. 20. Real World RDA Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/mniemand/3254191378/
  21. 21. Hybrid Records Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/trevira1/8399552085/
  22. 22. OCLC Policy - Hybrid Records When editing and replacing master records in WorldCat, catalogers may choose to add some RDA elements to existing non-RDA records without re-cataloging the entire record according to RDA. Candidates for such editing include, but are not limited to: • Adding relator terms to access points • Spelling out non-transcribed abbreviations • Adding complete statements of responsibility in 245 (in place of "[et al.]") • Adding 336/337/338 fields When adding or editing one or more such elements in the master record without re-cataloging the record to RDA, do not code the record as RDA. OCLC will generally adhere to the PCC Guidelines on Hybrid Bibliographic Records and expects member libraries editing existing records to add selected RDA elements to follow these guidelines.
  23. 23. Hybrid Records? OCLC Records #812568978 #871575262 #785808898
  24. 24. Authority Control Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/headinamilkbottle/1267959927/
  25. 25. Nebraska. Department of Roads. RDA heading … … Nebraska. Dept. of Roads. AACR2 heading
  26. 26. Relationship Designators Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/popoever/4247016365/
  27. 27. Doyle, Arthur Conan, 1859-1930. Doyle, Arthur Conan, 1859-1930, author.
  28. 28. Batch AACR2-to-RDA Conversion • Marcive http://home.marcive.com/marcive-rda- conversion-service-underway/ • Backstage Library Works http://www.bslw.com/faq/rda/ • MarcEdit http://marcedit.reeset.net/features
  29. 29. RDA Copy Cataloging Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bolobilly/2101966591/
  30. 30. How to Identify an RDA Record • 040 $e = rda • Descriptive cataloging form = i
  31. 31. Data Elements to Check • Title and statement of responsibility - MARC field 245 • Edition statement - MARC field 250 • Publication information - MARC field 264 • Physical Description - MARC field 300 • Content, media & carrier types - MARC fields 336, 337 & 338
  32. 32. Title and statement of responsibility - MARC field 245 Ensure that RDA instructions have been followed: • Delete “[sic]” or “[i.e., ___].” • Remove $h if present. • Ensure the presence of the first statement of responsibility. • In an existing statement of responsibility, replace a supplied “[et al.]” with a full transcription of the statement as on the source, or record “[and ___ others]”
  33. 33. Edition statement - MARC field 250 Ensure that the edition statement has been recorded exactly as it appears on the resource: • Expand unauthorized abbreviations to the full form • Record numerals as found on the resource
  34. 34. Publication information - MARC field 264 • Ensure that the field is tagged as a 264 field and use the appropriate 2nd indicator value based on the content of the field. • Remember that there is no ‘home country’ requirement for either place or publisher • Ensure that the data has been transcribed according to RDA instructions
  35. 35. Place of publication - 264 $a • Ensure that the first place of the first publisher is transcribed as found in the resource. • Include both the local place name and the larger jurisdiction, if present on the source • Replace “[S.l.]” with a supplied place (preferable) or “[Place of publication not identified]”.
  36. 36. Publisher - 264 $b • Ensure that the first publisher is transcribed as found in the resource • Expand abbreviations as applicable, and add missing words in the name of the publisher. • Add levels of hierarchy that have been omitted from the imported record
  37. 37. Date of publication - 264 $c • Ensure that the date is transcribed as found on the resource • Ensure that the date of publication is given even if it is a supplied date (e.g., it is often possible to supply a publication date, inferred from a copyright date) • You may, additionally -- but are not required to -- record a copyright date in a separate 264 field, with a second indicator of “4”; if recorded, this field contains only $c and the  must be used.
  38. 38. Physical Description - MARC field 300 • Expand abbreviations when applicable.
  39. 39. Content, media & carrier types - MARC fields 336, 337 & 338 • Ensure that $a contains the appropriate term from RDA for the resource in hand
  40. 40. Access Points to Check • Creator - MARC field 1XX • Other creators, contributors & other entities - MARC field 7XX
  41. 41. Creator - MARC field 1XX • Ensure that the principal or first-named creator has been recorded in the 1XX field, for a work by a single creator or by a group of collaborators. • Note, especially, situations with more than 3 entities in a single statement of responsibility, which would have been ‘title main entry’ according to AACR2; remove a 7XX incorrectly provided for the first creator in such cases.
  42. 42. Other creators, contributors & other entities - MARC field 7XX • To the extent possible, accept the complement of 7XX fields in the imported record. • Remember that the concept of “justification” is not present in RDA; an access point may be provided for an entity that is not recorded elsewhere in a descriptive element.
  43. 43. Copy Cataloging Using RDA training materials from Library of Congress http://www.loc.gov/catworkshop/RDA%20training%20materials/
  44. 44. Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/dbdbrobot/140068142/ Should you convert AACR2 records to RDA records?
  45. 45. Copy Cataloging Exercise Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bolobilly/2101966591/
  46. 46. RDA Toolkit Problem Solving
  47. 47. Exercise Scenario: Two resources by the same author. One uses accent marks in the name, one does not. There is no AAP in the authority file. How should you record the name (i.e., with or without diacritic marks) in the 100 field?
  48. 48. Exercise Scenario: Title page has Second edition; Spine has 2nd edition; CIP has 2nd ed. What is the Preferred Source for Transcribing the Edition Statement?
  49. 49. Exercise Scenario: You have a book with pages numbered 1-23, 1-200, and A1-A34. Find the information about irregular paging in the RDA Toolkit. What does the RDA guideline say? Is there an associated LC PCC PS?
  50. 50. Exercise Scenario: You are cataloging a book that is a compilation of 3 novellas (all by the same author), and you need to know how to record the title. What does the RDA guideline say? Is there an associated LC PCC PS?
  51. 51. RDA Record Creation Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/montagecomms/2692226959/
  52. 52. Book Practical Cataloguing: AACR2, RDA and MARC21
  53. 53. DVD Ice: Hawaii’s Crystal Meth Epidemic
  54. 54. CD Rockabye Baby! Lullaby Renditions of Aerosmith
  55. 55. Kit Train Theme Kit – 6 books – 4 miniature toy train cars
  56. 56. Online Resource The Reporting of Supplement Use by Dental Patients on Their Medical History Questionnaire http://hdl.handle.net/10156/4776
  57. 57. Electronic Serial In the Library with the Lead Pipe http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/
  58. 58. RDA and the Future of Cataloging Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/rofanator/190667304/
  59. 59. Record vs. Element Set
  60. 60. Elements vs. Areas of Description • AACR2 - Publication area: 260 _ _ $a Chicago : $b American Library Association, $c c2005. • RDA - Publication elements – Place of publication: Chicago – Publisher: American Library Association – Copyright date: 2005 – Publication date: [2005]
  61. 61. In traditional cataloging, a record is one package. Bibliographic Record Author Title
  62. 62. Bibliographic Record Records can be exchanged, but there is no way to exchange the individual pieces of information within a record. Bibliographic Record Bibliographic Record
  63. 63. When RDA (and a method of encoding that recognizes its elements) is used, a bibliographic record is made up of many pieces of data. Person Is author of Title Bibliographic Record And the relationships between these pieces of data are defined.
  64. 64. Person Is author of Title Bibliographic Record The boundaries of the record can be dissolved…
  65. 65. Person Is author of Title Bibliographic Record …and the data can interact with other information on the Web…
  66. 66. Person Is author of Title Bibliographic Record …and make use of other data on the web.
  67. 67. What is an RDA Record? http://www.slideshare.net/GordonDunsire/what-rda- record?
  68. 68. BIBFRAME
  69. 69. “The Bibliographic Framework Initiative (BIBFRAME) is an undertaking by the Library of Congress and the community to better accommodate future needs of the library community. A major focus of the initiative will be to determine a transition path for the MARC 21 exchange format to more Web based, Linked Data standards. Zepheira and The Library of Congress are working together to develop a Linked Data model, vocabulary and enabling tools / services for supporting this Initiative.” - http://bibframe.org
  70. 70. “The Bibliographic Framework Initiative (BIBFRAME) is an undertaking by the Library of Congress and the community to better accommodate future needs of the library community. A major focus of the initiative will be to determine a transition path for the MARC 21 exchange format to more Web based, Linked Data standards. Zepheira and The Library of Congress are working together to develop a Linked Data model, vocabulary and enabling tools / services for supporting this Initiative.” - http://bibframe.org
  71. 71. What’s Wrong with MARC?
  72. 72. It’s meant for printing catalog cards. Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/28376044@N00/4350624388
  73. 73. It’s only used by libraries. Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/34606192@N00/288022773
  74. 74. It’s not very specific. 245 $b “Interpreting MARC: Where’s the Bibliographic Data?” Jason Thomale http://journal.code4lib.org/articles/3832
  75. 75. We need data instead of records. Photo Credit: http://www.contentdm.org/USC/training/2013/Lampert-Southwick-20131205.pdf
  76. 76. A History of BIBFRAME Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/37657778@N07/4867695239/
  77. 77. May 2011 – Bibliographic Framework Initiative announced by LC October 2011 – Bibliographic Framework Plan published – Linked Data model to be used
  78. 78. November 2012 – BIBFRAME Draft Model & Primer published
  79. 79. January 2013 – bibframe.org launched at ALA Midwinter August 2013 – discussion papers updated (use cases, annotations, resource types, authority)
  80. 80. BIBFRAME Model & Vocabulary http://bibframe.org
  81. 81. Core Classes • Work • Instance • Authority • Annotation
  82. 82. Work “Resource reflecting a conceptual essence of the cataloging resource”
  83. 83. Instance “Resource reflecting an individual, material embodiment of the Work”
  84. 84. Authority “Resource reflecting key authority concepts that have defined relationships reflected in the Work and Instance”
  85. 85. Annotation “Resource that asserts additional information about other BIBFRAME resource”
  86. 86. BIBFRAME & RDA
  87. 87. “RDA is an important source of elements in the vocabulary for BIBFRAME, even though it generally aims to be independent of any particular set of cataloging rules.” http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/faqs/
  88. 88. http://www.niso.org/publications/isq/2013/v25no4
  89. 89. Chicken or Egg? Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/24098698@N05/5556334141 “The change in rules for metadata creation, represented by RDA, will also help library metadata to be more useful, though perhaps to a lesser extent than BIBFRAME.” Jason W. Dean http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2013/charl es-a-cutter-and-edward-tufte-coming-to-a-library-near-you- via-bibframe/
  90. 90. Practical Applications of BIBFRAME
  91. 91. Resources at Bibframe.org • Use cases • Demonstrations • Tools
  92. 92. Use cases http://bibframe.org/documentation/bibframe-usecases/
  93. 93. Demonstrations http://bibframe.org/demos/
  94. 94. Tools http://bibframe.org/tools/ Comparison service Transformation service
  95. 95. OpenCat http://demo.cubicweb.org/opencatfresnes
  96. 96. LibHub http://libhub.org
  97. 97. Thank you! Emily Dust Nimsakont 800-307-2665 emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov

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