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Promises and Pitfalls: Linked Data, Privacy, and Library Catalogs

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Presented at Linked Data & RDF: New Frontiers in Metadata and Access, an Amigos Online Conference, April 23, 2015

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Promises and Pitfalls: Linked Data, Privacy, and Library Catalogs

  1. 1. Promises and Pitfalls: Linked Data, Privacy, and Library Catalogs Emily Dust Nimsakont Cataloging Librarian, Nebraska Library Commission Linked Data & RDF: New Frontiers in Metadata and Access - Amigos Online Conference April 23, 2015
  2. 2. What is Linked Data? “Linked Data describes a method of publishing structured data, so that it can be interlinked and become more useful. It builds upon standard web technologies, such as HTTP and URIs - but rather than using them to serve web pages for human readers, it extends them to share information in a way that can be read automatically by computers.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linked_Data
  3. 3. “Just as the traditional document Web can be crawled by following hypertext links, the Web of Data can be crawled by following RDF links. Working on the crawled data, search engines can provide sophisticated query capabilities... Because the query results themselves are structured data, not just links to HTML pages, they can be immediately processed, thus enabling a new class of applications based on the Web of Data.” Chris Bizer, Richard Cyganiak, and Tom Heath How to Publish Linked Data on the Web http://linkeddata.org/docs/how-to-publish
  4. 4. Why should librarians care about Linked Data? Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/stovak/2378145902/
  5. 5. BIBFRAME Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative http://bibframe.org http://loc.gov/bibframe
  6. 6. OpenCat http://demo.cubicweb.org/opencatfresnes
  7. 7. http://files.dnb.de/svensson/UILLD2013/UILLD-submission-3-formatted-final.pdf
  8. 8. OpenCat http://files.dnb.de/svensson/UILLD2013/UILLD-submission-3-formatted-final.pdf
  9. 9. Web Visibility “When my community searches the web for something we have, we better show up as an option.” Chuck Gibson, Director & CEO Worthington Public Library “The Visible Library,” Library Journal Webcast, February 26, 2015 http://goo.gl/8NErmA
  10. 10. Privacy Concerns Related to Linked Data Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/robjewitt/5470928230/
  11. 11. There’s a lot more information out there And it will be explored more aggressively Photo credits: https://www.flickr.com/photos/intersectionconsulting/7537238368/, https://www.flickr.com/photos/jennlynndesign/2588277527/, https://www.flickr.com/photos/nasa2explore/10536998065/
  12. 12. Libraries and Privacy Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/pong/2404940312/
  13. 13. “Librarians feel a professional responsibility to protect the right to search for information free from surveillance. Privacy has long been the cornerstone of library services in America. Why? Because the freedom to read and receive ideas anonymously is at the heart of individual liberty in a democracy. Librarians defend that freedom every day. Libraries are information hubs for their communities. They are also natural centers for learning and talking about information issues… including privacy.” http://chooseprivacyweek.org/our-story/why-libraries/
  14. 14. http://www.ala.org/advocacy/privacyconfidentiality/toolkitsprivacy/Developing-or-Revising-a-Library-Privacy-Policy
  15. 15. Libraries, Linked Data, Privacy and Vendors Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/cellphonesusie/4279351173/
  16. 16. “Libraries no longer own much of the content they provide to users; rather it is subscribed to from a variety of vendors. Not only does that mean that vendors will have to make their data available in linked data formats for improvements to federated search to happen, but a mix of licensed and free content in a linked data environment would be extremely difficult to manage.” Gillian Byrne and Lisa Goddard The Strongest Link: Libraries and Linked Data http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november10/byrne/11byrne.html
  17. 17. http://icolc.net/statement/privacy-guidelines-electronic-resources-vendors
  18. 18. Privacy Solutions Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/memebinge/14471353850/
  19. 19. We are not alone. Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/gregloby/3515990945/
  20. 20. W3C Schema.org Bibliographic Extension Community Group https://www.w3.org/community/schemabibex/
  21. 21. http://schema.org/
  22. 22. W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/lld/
  23. 23. http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/lld/wiki/Use_Case_Social_Recommendations “provided that data privacy is ensured”
  24. 24. http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/lld/wiki/Draft_issues_page “Data related to user identity and the use of the library is protected by privacy policies and legislation.”
  25. 25. Privacy is a continuum. Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/3880400014/
  26. 26. Privacy Preference Ontology Allows users to define “fine-grained privacy preferences for restricting (or granting) access” to their information Owen Sacco and Alexandre Passant A Privacy Preference Ontology (PPO) for Linked Data http://events.linkeddata.org/ldow2011/papers/ldow2011-paper01-sacco.pdf
  27. 27. Ontology = Vocabulary “Vocabularies are used to classify the terms that can be used in a particular application, characterize possible relationships, and define possible constraints on using those terms.” http://www.w3.org/standards/semanticweb/ontology
  28. 28. Thank you! Emily Dust Nimsakont Cataloging Librarian Nebraska Library Commission emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov http://www.slideshare.net/enimsakont https://delicious.com/enimsakont/amigos2015

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