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    Final presentation martin show Final presentation martin show Presentation Transcript

    • The Venetian Arsenal
      The First Factory in the World
      Greg Martin
    • The Venetian Arsenal
      As in the Arsenal of the Venetians
      Boils in winter the tenacious pitch
      To smear their unsound vessels over again
      For sail they cannot; and instead thereof
      One makes his vessel new, and one recaulks
      The ribs of that which many a voyage has made
      One hammers at the prow, one at the stern
      This one makes oars and that one cordage twists
      Another mends the mainsail and the mizzen…
      Dante, The Divine Comedy
    • Table of Contents
      History of the Venetian Arsenal
      Pre-Industrial Conditions
      Arsenale
      ArsenaleNuovo
      Management
      Early Management
      Management Transitions
      Management Structure
    • Table of Contents
      Functional Areas
      Worker Structure
      Shipbuilding Capabilities
      Arsenale Capabilities
      Comparison to Other Nations
      Side Benefits
      Shipbuilding Improvements
      Innovation
      Conclusion
    • Introduction
      The Venetian Arsenal was
      a precursor to the Industrial
      Age factory. Tiered
      management organization
      allowed different trades to
      work together on projects, and
      this allowed the creation of
      interchangeable and standardized
      components and ensured Venice’s
      dominance of the Mediterranean in the
      medieval period.
    • Pre-Industrial Conditions
      Europe used the craft system and guild system
      Lack of specialists
      Items generally manufactured by the end user
    • Arsenale
      Arsenale created in 1104
      Largest industrial complex in Europe prior to the Industrial Revolution
      Mainly used to maintain privately-built ships
      Different areas of the Arsenal each produced a particular prefabricated ship part or other maritime implement
      Allowed all items required for shipbuilding and outfitting to be kept at one location
    • ArsenaleNuovo
      ArsenaleNuovo began in 1320
      Expanded greatly the workyards and storeyards of the older Arsenale
      Final changes made to the management and work structure
      Major munitions depot
      Capable of outfitting and producing a fully equipped merchant or naval vessel in less than one day
    • Early Management
      Managed by a group of noblemen patrons
      Board of Patroni served as logistics officers
      Provided communication between shipbuilders or local artisans
      Eventually formed a
      a single entity
      composed of the
      multiple shipbuilding
      companies
    • Management Transitions
      Power shifted to Protomaestri (foremen) and one Ammiraglio (Admiral)
      Noblemen Patroni became advisers and financers
      Master tradesmen became salaried managers with large stakes in the Arsenale
      Government forbade these employees from working elsewhere
    • Management Structure
    • Functional Areas
      Shipwrights composed the major portion of personnel in ArsenaleNuovo
      Maintained exclusive forest to provide lumber for hulls, planks, masts, and spars
      Over 8,000 personnel employed by the shipwright masters
    • Functional Areas
      Auxiliaries provided important additional components for ships
      Ropes, rigging, sails, caulking, oil, and spare components
      Great galleys carried over 25 tons of additional supplies
    • Functional Areas
      Munitions and foodstuffs were vitally important to warships
      Crew sizes on the galleys were generally 200 men, requiring many supplies
      Many Venetian ships were built for the Navy, and munitions were required to maintain dominance in the Mediterranean
    • Worker Structure
      Typical workers were called arsenalotti
      Varied in skill level between master, journeyman, and apprentice
      Workers were skilled in one trade
      Masters designed exacting specifications
      Journeymen accomplished most work
      Apprentices worked in a moving assembly line
    • Worker Structure
      Arsenalottiwere required to work at least 150 out of 250 work days at the Arsenale
      Workers drew a daily wage, even skilled masters
      Salaried protomaestri and administrative officials drew a monthly salary
      Salaried employees had a life-long contract and were subject to many restrictions regarding travel
    • Worker Structure
      Arsenalottiswere hated by other workers in Venice
      Drew lower salaries, but enjoyed privileges and secure lifestyle
      Early form of state-owned business with pensions and benefits
    • Capabilities
      At its height, the Arsenale was capable of producing a fully equipped merchant or naval vessel in less than one day
      The use of interchangeable parts and components allowed for quick refits and repairs
      Production was divided into 3 main stages: framing, planking and cabins, and final assembly
      The Arsenal often kept up to 100 galleys in different stages of production and maintenance
    • Comparison
    • Side Benefits
      Shipbuilding improvements
      Largest collection of master-level craftsmen in the medieval world
      Shared knowledge and techniques by order of the Board of Patroni
      Well-funded and capable of experimentation
      Collection of different nationalities
    • Side Benefits
      Innovation
      Laboratories and research space allotted for different trades
      Created a think-tank atmosphere for some of the brightest minds in the trades
      Utilized outside scientists,
      such as Galileo, for
      consultation and advice
    • Importance
      First use of moving assembly line
      First use of interchangeable components and parts
      First congregation of trades into a single, corporation-like entity
      Provided numerous advances in the fields of shipbuilding, firearms, and artillery
    • Conclusion
      The Venetian Arsenal
      was ahead of its times
      in a multitude of ways.
      It dominated European
      manufacturing in
      management,
      techniques, and sheer
      size and scope
    • References
      The Venetian Arsenal. (n.d.). Retrieved July 27, 2011 from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venetian_Arsenal
      Davis, R.C. (2007). Shipbuilders of the Venetian Arsenal: Workers and Workplace in the Pre-Industrial City. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
      Dolinsky, Anton. "Inventory Management History Part Three: Venetian Arsenal - Ahead of Their Time". Almyta Systems. http://www.almyta.com/Inventory_Management_History_3.asp
      Kaon Consulting. "The Venetian Arsenal: The World's First Assembly Line." http://www.kaon.com.au/index.php?page=venetian-arsenal