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Final presentation martin show Final presentation martin show Presentation Transcript

  • The Venetian Arsenal
    The First Factory in the World
    Greg Martin
  • The Venetian Arsenal
    As in the Arsenal of the Venetians
    Boils in winter the tenacious pitch
    To smear their unsound vessels over again
    For sail they cannot; and instead thereof
    One makes his vessel new, and one recaulks
    The ribs of that which many a voyage has made
    One hammers at the prow, one at the stern
    This one makes oars and that one cordage twists
    Another mends the mainsail and the mizzen…
    Dante, The Divine Comedy
  • Table of Contents
    History of the Venetian Arsenal
    Pre-Industrial Conditions
    Arsenale
    ArsenaleNuovo
    Management
    Early Management
    Management Transitions
    Management Structure
    View slide
  • Table of Contents
    Functional Areas
    Worker Structure
    Shipbuilding Capabilities
    Arsenale Capabilities
    Comparison to Other Nations
    Side Benefits
    Shipbuilding Improvements
    Innovation
    Conclusion
    View slide
  • Introduction
    The Venetian Arsenal was
    a precursor to the Industrial
    Age factory. Tiered
    management organization
    allowed different trades to
    work together on projects, and
    this allowed the creation of
    interchangeable and standardized
    components and ensured Venice’s
    dominance of the Mediterranean in the
    medieval period.
  • Pre-Industrial Conditions
    Europe used the craft system and guild system
    Lack of specialists
    Items generally manufactured by the end user
  • Arsenale
    Arsenale created in 1104
    Largest industrial complex in Europe prior to the Industrial Revolution
    Mainly used to maintain privately-built ships
    Different areas of the Arsenal each produced a particular prefabricated ship part or other maritime implement
    Allowed all items required for shipbuilding and outfitting to be kept at one location
  • ArsenaleNuovo
    ArsenaleNuovo began in 1320
    Expanded greatly the workyards and storeyards of the older Arsenale
    Final changes made to the management and work structure
    Major munitions depot
    Capable of outfitting and producing a fully equipped merchant or naval vessel in less than one day
  • Early Management
    Managed by a group of noblemen patrons
    Board of Patroni served as logistics officers
    Provided communication between shipbuilders or local artisans
    Eventually formed a
    a single entity
    composed of the
    multiple shipbuilding
    companies
  • Management Transitions
    Power shifted to Protomaestri (foremen) and one Ammiraglio (Admiral)
    Noblemen Patroni became advisers and financers
    Master tradesmen became salaried managers with large stakes in the Arsenale
    Government forbade these employees from working elsewhere
  • Management Structure
  • Functional Areas
    Shipwrights composed the major portion of personnel in ArsenaleNuovo
    Maintained exclusive forest to provide lumber for hulls, planks, masts, and spars
    Over 8,000 personnel employed by the shipwright masters
  • Functional Areas
    Auxiliaries provided important additional components for ships
    Ropes, rigging, sails, caulking, oil, and spare components
    Great galleys carried over 25 tons of additional supplies
  • Functional Areas
    Munitions and foodstuffs were vitally important to warships
    Crew sizes on the galleys were generally 200 men, requiring many supplies
    Many Venetian ships were built for the Navy, and munitions were required to maintain dominance in the Mediterranean
  • Worker Structure
    Typical workers were called arsenalotti
    Varied in skill level between master, journeyman, and apprentice
    Workers were skilled in one trade
    Masters designed exacting specifications
    Journeymen accomplished most work
    Apprentices worked in a moving assembly line
  • Worker Structure
    Arsenalottiwere required to work at least 150 out of 250 work days at the Arsenale
    Workers drew a daily wage, even skilled masters
    Salaried protomaestri and administrative officials drew a monthly salary
    Salaried employees had a life-long contract and were subject to many restrictions regarding travel
  • Worker Structure
    Arsenalottiswere hated by other workers in Venice
    Drew lower salaries, but enjoyed privileges and secure lifestyle
    Early form of state-owned business with pensions and benefits
  • Capabilities
    At its height, the Arsenale was capable of producing a fully equipped merchant or naval vessel in less than one day
    The use of interchangeable parts and components allowed for quick refits and repairs
    Production was divided into 3 main stages: framing, planking and cabins, and final assembly
    The Arsenal often kept up to 100 galleys in different stages of production and maintenance
  • Comparison
  • Side Benefits
    Shipbuilding improvements
    Largest collection of master-level craftsmen in the medieval world
    Shared knowledge and techniques by order of the Board of Patroni
    Well-funded and capable of experimentation
    Collection of different nationalities
  • Side Benefits
    Innovation
    Laboratories and research space allotted for different trades
    Created a think-tank atmosphere for some of the brightest minds in the trades
    Utilized outside scientists,
    such as Galileo, for
    consultation and advice
  • Importance
    First use of moving assembly line
    First use of interchangeable components and parts
    First congregation of trades into a single, corporation-like entity
    Provided numerous advances in the fields of shipbuilding, firearms, and artillery
  • Conclusion
    The Venetian Arsenal
    was ahead of its times
    in a multitude of ways.
    It dominated European
    manufacturing in
    management,
    techniques, and sheer
    size and scope
  • References
    The Venetian Arsenal. (n.d.). Retrieved July 27, 2011 from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venetian_Arsenal
    Davis, R.C. (2007). Shipbuilders of the Venetian Arsenal: Workers and Workplace in the Pre-Industrial City. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Dolinsky, Anton. "Inventory Management History Part Three: Venetian Arsenal - Ahead of Their Time". Almyta Systems. http://www.almyta.com/Inventory_Management_History_3.asp
    Kaon Consulting. "The Venetian Arsenal: The World's First Assembly Line." http://www.kaon.com.au/index.php?page=venetian-arsenal