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10.2 - Central America and the Caribbean

10.2 - Central America and the Caribbean



Some culture and history of Central America and the Caribbean.

Some culture and history of Central America and the Caribbean.



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    10.2 - Central America and the Caribbean 10.2 - Central America and the Caribbean Presentation Transcript

    • Central America and the Caribbean
      • Central America
      • Is a cultural hearth because it was a place from which ideas spread…. mainly because of the Mayans.
        • Due to the location of the Mayans on the Yucutan Peninsula, you could consider them part of Mexico or part of Central America.
      • The Maya continued to build cities and temples throughout the region. This meant the Mayan culture spread as well.
      • When Mexico gains independence from Spain in 1521, it takes over the Central American region before it breaks away in 1523 and becomes the United Provinces of Central America.
        • The states didn’t all get along, though, and after a civil war from 1538-1540, they split up into separate countries.
      • Caribbean
      • The Caribbean culture has European, native, and African influences.
        • The Europeans (several European powers colonize the islands – see the chart on page 224) imported slaves from Africa to farm new crops there, especially sugar cane.
      • The slaves in the French colony of Haiti revolted in 1790.
        • There were 500,000 slaves and 32,000 whites (and 28,000 free people of color).
        • Ironically, the revolt against France was inspired by the French Revolution.
        • It was led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, self-educated freed slave.
      • Haiti officially gets its independence in 1804.
      • Cuba becomes independent from Spain in 1898 as a result of America’s actions in the Spanish-American War. It is quickly sets up its own government by 1902.
    • In Panama, you have the Panama Canal.
      • Before the canal, a ship traveling from New York to San Francisco would have to go over 14,000 miles around the tip of South America (a dangerous journey around that tip).
      • Via the canal, it’s only 6,000 miles. That’s an 8,000 mile shave off the trip.
      • Music
      • One of the music styles that has come out of this region is calypso from Trinidad and Tobago.
    • Harry Belafonte: ok singer, bad taste in politics
    • A lot of calypso music makes use of the steel drum.
    • A more modern version is called soca calypso or soul calypso.
      • Another musical style, this one from Jamaica, is reggae, as exhibited here by Bob Marley.
      • Don’t take calypso and reggae lightly. Many songs have social and political messages, which you realize if you pay attention to the lyrics.